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The Causes And Consequences Of The Iraq War Politics Essay

War in iraq essay

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. War In Iraq? Whether you've never written an SAT Essay or didn't get the score you wanted on your last test, you can benefit from knowing more: both about the Essay itself, and what really matters when the graders are reading your essay. Elephant Paper? Here are 15 tips to iraq, master the SAT essay . If you can reliably follow all these points, you'll be able to get at least a 6/6/6 on the SAT essay - guaranteed. Findings? The SAT Essay is a very short assignment. You only get 50 minutes to read a 650-750 word passage, analyze the devices the author uses to structure her/his argument, and write a full-fledged essay - and it can pass in a flash if you don't have a method for attacking it. Writing an essay, SAT essay requires a very specific approach that's unlike the pay for custom essay, essays you've been writing for war in, English class in school. The goal of this strategy is to cram in as many as possible of the desired components in the 50 minutes you've got. In this article, we give you 15 key tips for the SAT essay. The first five tips in this article relate to about family, what the College Board tells us about what's a good essay.

The next five are truths that the College Board doesn't want you to war in essay, know (or doesn’t make explicit). And the last five tips for SAT essay writing show you how to aims essay, build an essay, SAT essay, step by step. What the College Board Does Tell You: 5 Tips. The College Board explains the main components of the successful SAT Essay in its scoring criteria. Here they are condensed: The SAT essay rubric states: The response includes a precise central claim.” What this means is essay about family, that your essay needs to iraq essay, make a clear argument that the reader can easily identify. All you have to do to create your precise central claim is to identify the speech is silver, main idea of the passage and list the methods the author uses to support it. Fortunately, the SAT provides you with the passage’s main idea, so you don’t have to go hunting for it yourself. I've bolded the claim in this (fake) sample prompt so you can see this for yourself: Write an war in iraq, essay in which you explain how Sam Lindsay builds an definition essay family, argument to persuade her audience that more works of art should feature monsters . In your essay, analyze how Lindsay uses one or more of the war in essay, features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the action english, logic and war in iraq, persuasiveness of her argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the is silver essay, passage.

Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Lindsay’s claims, but rather explain how Lindsay builds an argument to persuade her audience. War In Essay? Now, here's an example of extended definition about family, a thesis statement for war in essay, an essay responding to this prompt: In the article “Monsters Monsters Everywhere,” Sam Lindsay uses personal anecdotes, vivid language, and appeals to speech is silver, emotion to persuade her audience that more works of art should feature monsters. It's fine to copy the exact words describing the author’s central claim from the prompt into iraq, your thesis statement—in fact, this guarantees that the extended about, graders will see that your thesis is there and on-topic. #2: Include Both an Introduction and a Conclusion. The SAT essay rubric states: The response includes a skillful introduction and conclusion.” Including an introduction paragraph in war in your essay is absolutely essential to getting a Writing score above a 4/8. The introduction paragraph introduces the reader to what you’ll be talking about and allows you to set up the structure for tesco essay, the rest of the essay. War In Iraq Essay? Plus, an action papers, introduction can be a pretty good indicator of the quality for the rest of the essay – a poorly constructed introduction is often a warning that the essay that follows will be equally discombobulated. War In Essay? It's best to phd dissertation findings chapter, have both an introduction and a conclusion, but if you’re running short on time and war in iraq essay, can only have one, definitely pick the introduction. A good introduction includes your thesis statement. Tesco Essay? For the SAT essay, as I discussed in iraq essay the previous point, your thesis (or your precise central claim) should be a statement about what devices the author uses to build her/his argument.

Introductions can be tricky to write, because whatever you write in extended essay about family that paragraph can then make you feel like you’re locked into writing just about that. If you’re struggling, leave yourself 10 blank lines at the beginning of the essay and jump into writing your body paragraphs. Just make sure you remember to go back and write in your introduction before time’s up! #3: Use Effective Language and iraq essay, Word Choice. There are a couple of pay for custom, parts of the Writing score section on the SAT essay rubric that pertain directly to style. First, the SAT essay rubric states: The response is cohesive and demonstrates a highly effective use and command of language. For most of us, this is an iraq, area that takes a long time to develop, so unless your language skills are really rough or you're prepping a year ahead of papers, time (or both), you'll probably get more out of focusing on the other components of the essay. The SAT essay rubric also states: “The response has a wide variety in sentence structures.

The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone.” This basically boils down to: don't be repetitive and war in essay, don't make grammar mistakes. In addition, you should avoid using first person statements like I or My in the essay, along with any other informality. You're writing the equivalent of a school paper, not an opinion piece. Pay For? “I think that Sam’s super persuasive in essay this article cause she’s just so passionate. It made me feel kinda bad that I don’t really monster it up in my everyday life.” “Lindsay’s passionate defense of how drawing monsters 'allows us to laugh at our personal foibles' causes her audience to put themselves in her shoes and empathize with her position.” Finally, try to pay for custom, use different words to war in, describe the same idea - don't use shows 15 times. Take the phd dissertation chapter, chance to show off your vocabulary ( if, and only if , the vocabulary is war in, appropriate and makes sense) . This component is the writing paper, biggest reason why revising your SAT Essay is essential - it's fast and easy to change repeated words to other ones after you're finished, but it can slow you down during writing to worry about iraq your word choice.

If you're aiming for a top score, using advanced vocabulary appropriately is vital. Chapter? #4: Only Use Information From the Passage. War In Essay? All the relevant information is in the passage, so avoid getting drawn into pay for custom essay, the topic and using your outside knowledge – you want to iraq, be sure to chapter, show that you’ve read the passage. In real life, there are many ways to support a thesis, depending on the topic. But on the SAT, there's one kind of correct support: specific details drawn from the passage you’re asked to analyze . We'll show you more below. #5: Focus Your Essay on Relevant Details. You don’t have to war in, mention every single detail that makes the argument effective. In fact, your essay will be more coherent and more likely to score higher in Analysis if you focus your discussion on just a few points . It's more important to show that you're able to pick out the most important parts of the argument and explain their function that it is to be able to identify every single persuasive device the author used.

Think about it as if you were asked to write a 50-minute essay describing the human face and what each part does. A clear essay would just focus on major features - eyes, nose, and mouth. A less effective essay might also try to discuss cheekbones, eyebrows, eyelashes, skin pores, chin clefts, and dimples as well. While all of these things are part of the pay for essay, face, it would be hard to get into detail about each of the parts in just 50 minutes. And this is the eye, and this is the other eye, and war in iraq essay, this is chapter, the. other eye. and the other eye. and the other. wait. War In Iraq Essay? what's going on here? What the College Board Doesn’t Tell You: 5 Secrets. Even though the about family, SAT essay has clearly stated, publicly-available guidelines, there are a few secrets to writing the essay that most students don't know and that can give you a major advantage on the test. #1: Read the essay, Prompt Before the Passage. Tesco And Objectives? Why? Because the prompt includes the description of the author’s claim. Knowing what the war in essay, author’s claim is aims, going into the article can help keep you focused on war in essay, the argument, rather than getting caught up in reading the passage (especially if the speech is silver essay, topic is one you're interested in). War In? #2: Your Facts Must Be Accurate…But Your Interpretation Doesn’t Have to Be.

A big part of the essay family, Analysis score for war in iraq, the SAT essay is not just identifying the essay about family, devices the author uses to build her argument, but explaining the effect that the war in, use of these devices has on the reader . You don’t have to be completely, 100% accurate about the effect the passage has on the reader, because there is no one right answer. As long as you are convincing in your explanation and cite specific examples, you’ll be good. Here's an example of an interpretation about what effect a persuasive device has on action papers, the reader (backed by evidence from the essay, passage): Lindsay appeals to the emotions of her readers by describing the tesco and objectives essay, forlorn, many-eyed creatures that stare reproachfully at her from old school notebook margins. The sympathy the readers feel for these forgotten doodles is expertly transferred to Lindsay herself when she draws the connection between the drawn monsters and war in iraq, her own life: “Often, I feel like one of tesco and objectives, these monsters – hidden away in my studio, brushes yearning to create what no one else cares to see.” Now, you don't necessarily know for sure if sympathy for the doodles is what the author was going for in her passage. The SAT essay graders probably don't know either (unless one of them wrote the passage). But as long as you can make a solid case for your interpretation, using facts and quotes from the passage to back it up , you'll be good. #3: You Should Write More Than One Page. War In Iraq Essay? This has always been true for the SAT essay, but for the first time ever, the College Board actually came out in The Official SAT Study Guide and explicitly said that length really does matter . Here's the description of a 1-paragraph, 120-word-long student response that received a Writing score of 2/8 (bolding mine). “Due to the brief nature of the response , there is not enough evidence of writing ability to merit a score higher than one. Overall, this response demonstrates inadequate writing .” (source: The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , p. 206) You’ll have one page for (ungraded) scrap paper that you can use to plan out your essay, and four pages of tesco and objectives, writing paper for the essay – plan on writing at least two pages for your essay . #4: Be Objective When Reading the iraq essay, Passage. Being able to stay detached while reading the passage you'll be writing the essay about can be tricky.

This task might be especially difficult for students who were used to elephant, the old SAT essay (which pretty much made it mandatory for you to choose one side or the other). War In Iraq? You’ll have to practice reading persuasive essays and gaining objectivity (so that you are able to phd dissertation chapter, write about how the argument is iraq, constructed, not whether it’s good or bad). A good way to practice this is to read news articles on topics you care deeply about by people who hold the opposite elephant writing paper view that you do . For instance, as a composer and violist/violinist, I might read articles about how children should not be encouraged to play musical instruments, since it holds no practical value later on in life (a view I disagree with vehemently). I would then work on iraq essay, my objectivity by jotting down the aims and objectives, central ideas, most important details, and how these details relate to the central ideas of the article . Being able to understand the iraq, central ideas in the passage and details without being sidetracked by rage (or other emotions) is key to writing an effective SAT essay. Don't let the monster of rage distract you from your purpose. #5: Memorize and pay for, Identify Specific Persuasive Techniques. Once you’re able to read articles objectively (as discussed in war in point 4 above), the next step is to elephant writing paper, be able to break down the argument in the articles . To do this successfully, you'll need to be aware of some of the essay, techniques that are frequently used to build arguments. The SAT essay prompt does mention a few of these techniques (bolding mine): As you read the passage below, consider how Lindsay uses. evidence, such as facts or examples , to support claims. reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence. stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to speech is silver essay, emotion , to add power to iraq, the ideas expressed. It’s certainly possible to wing it and go into the test without knowing specific names of particular persuasive devices and just organically build up your essay from features you notice in the article. Phd Dissertation Chapter? However, it's way easier to go into the essay knowing certain techniques that you can then scan the essay, passage for . For instance, after noting the findings chapter, central ideas and important details in the article about how more works of art should feature monsters, I would then work on analyzing the way the author built her argument.

Does she use statistics in the article? Personal anecdotes? Appeal to emotion? I discuss the top persuasive devices you should know in more detail in essay the article 6 SAT Essay Examples to Answer Every Prompt. How to Get All the Necessary Components in 50 Minutes: 5 Step-By-Step Strategies. When you write an SAT essay, you only have 50 minutes to read, analyze, and write an essay, which means that you need a game plan going in. Here's a short step-by-step guide on how to write an effective SAT essay. Speech Is Golden? Don’t just summarize the passage in your essay, or identify persuasive devices used by war in iraq, the author - instead, be sure to actually analyze the way the author of the passage builds her argument. As The Official SAT Study Guide states, [Y]our discussion should focus on what the author does, why he or she does it, and what effect this is likely to have on readers. College Board makes a point of specifying this very point in its grading rubric as well - an essay that scores a 2 (out of 4) or below in Analysis merely asserts, rather than explains [the persuasive devices'] importance. If you want to get at least a 3/4 (or a 6/8) in aims essay Analysis, you need to heed this warning and stay on war in iraq, task . #2: Support Your Points With Concrete Evidence From the Passage.

The best way to get a high Reading score for your essay is to quote from the passage appropriately to support your points . This shows not only that you’ve read the passage (without your having to summarize the passage at all), but also that you understand what the author is saying and the way the author constructed her argument. As an alternative to using direct quotations from the passage, it’s also okay to paraphrase some of what you discuss. If you are explaining the author's argument in your own words, however, you need to be extra careful to tesco aims and objectives essay, make sure that the war in iraq essay, facts you're stating are accurate - in contrast to scoring on the old SAT essay, scoring on the new SAT essay takes into account factual inaccuracies and elephant writing, penalizes you for them. The SAT essay rubric states: “The response demonstrates a deliberate and highly effective progression of iraq essay, ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the writing paper, essay.” The main point to take away from war in iraq essay this is that you should follow the standard structure for an SAT essay (introduction-body-body-conclusion) . Using a basic 4-5 paragraph essay structure will both keep you organized AND make it easier for the essay graders to follow your reasoning - a win-win situation! Furthermore, you should connect each paragraph to each other through effective transitions. We'll give you ways to improve your performance in this area in the articles linked at the end of this article. #4: Make Time to Read, Analyze, Plan, Write, and elephant, Revise. Make sure you allocate appropriate amounts of time for each of the steps you’ll need to take to write the essay – 50 minutes may seem like a long time, but it goes by awfully quick with all the things you need to do. Reading the passage, analyzing the argument, planning your essay, writing your essay, and revising are all important components for writing an 8/8/8 essay. For a breakdown of how much time to spend on each of these steps, be sure to check out our article on how to write an SAT essay, step-by-step. The more you practice the analysis and iraq, the writing, the better you’ll get at the task of writing an SAT essay (as you work up to it a little at elephant writing paper a time).

It's especially important to practice the analysis and writing components of the essay if you are a slow reader (since reading speed can be difficult to change). Being able to analyze and write quickly can help balance out the extra time you take to read and comprehend the material (plus, the time you put into working on analysis and writing will yield greater rewards than time spent trying to increase your reading speed). But don't forget : while it’s okay to break up the practice at first, you also really do need to get practice buckling down and doing the whole task in one sitting . This is just the beginning of improving your SAT essay score. Iraq Essay? Next, you actually need to put this into practice with a real SAT essay. Want to learn more about the changes to the SAT essay? We have a comprehensive guide to what changed (and what didn't) here. Want to improve your SAT score by elephant writing paper, 160 points? Check out our best-in-class online SAT prep program.

We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your SAT score by 160 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this SAT Essay lesson, you'll love our program. Essay? Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get your SAT essays hand-graded by a master instructor who will give you customized feedback on how you can improve. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College.

She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. Elephant Writing Paper? You'll get updates on war in iraq essay, our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about findings this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of war in, other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. SAT® is research papers english, a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination.

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old milon essay LES RFRENCES BIBLIOGRAPHIQUES. Cette page se découpe en deux parties : dans la première, vous trouverez une liste, non exhaustive, d'ouvrages généraux sur la chanson de geste. Dans la seconde, les chansons sont classées alphabétiquement avec des articles ou ouvrages spécifiques pour chacune d'elles. Voici l'explication des abrviations usites dans les rfrences : CCGB = Chevalier au Cygne et Godefroi de Bouillon. CCM = Cahiers de Civilisations Mdivales. HLF = Histoire Littéraire de la France. PUF = Presses Universitaires de France. PUL = Presses Universitaires de Lyon. RCC = Revue des Cours et des Confrences.

Rom. War In Essay? Gan = Romanica Gandensia. ZRP = Zeitschrift fr romanische Philologie. BECK, J. Elephant Paper? B., La musique des Chansons de geste, dans C omptes rendus Acad. War In Iraq Essay? I et B-L , 1911, p. 39-45. BDIER, Joseph, Les lgendes piques, recherches sur la formation des chansons de geste , Paris, 1908-13, 4 vol. Action Research Papers? ; nouv. War In Iraq Essay? d. Phd Dissertation? 1914-21 ; 3e d. 1926-29. BENDER, Karl-Heinz, König und Vasall. Untersuchung zur Chanson de Geste des XII. War In Iraq Essay? Jahrhunderts , Studia Romanica, 13, Heidelberg : Carl Winter, 1967. BESCH, mile, Les adaptations en prose des chansons de geste au XV e et au XVI e sicle, Revue du Seizime sicle , III, 1915, pp.

151-181. BICHON, Jean, L’Animal dans la littrature franaise du XII e et du XIII e sicle , Lille, Service de reproduction des thses, 1976, (2 vol.). BLOCH, Marc, Les rois thaumaturges , Strasbourg, 1924. BLOCH, Howard, tymologie et gnalogie, Une anthropologie littraire du Moyen Age franais , Paris, Le Seuil, 1989. (version anglaise originale : The University of Chicago Press, 1983). Findings Chapter? BOSSUAT, Robert, Histoire de la Littrature Franaise I, Le Moyen Age , Paris, Gigord , 1931. BOUTET, Dominique, Les fabliaux , coll. tudes littraires, PUF, Paris, 1985. War In Iraq? BOUTET, Dominique, La chanson de geste . Aims? Forme et signification d'une écriture épique au Moyen Age , PUF, Paris, 1993. BOUTET, Dominique, Le cycle de Guillaume d'Orange, Anthologie , Paris, collection Lettres Gothiques , 1996.

BRAET, H., Le songe dans la chanson de geste au XIIe sicl e , Gand, Romanica Gandensia 14, 1975. BREUER, Hermann, Uber den Verfasser dreier der letzten Chansons de Geste, ZRP , 42 (1923), p. 578-586. War In Iraq Essay? BROSSE, Jacques, Mythologie des arbres , Plon, 1989. Custom Essay? CALIN, William, The Epic Quest , Baltimore : Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1966. COMBARIEU du GRES, Micheline de, L’idal humain et l’exprience morale chez les hros des chansons de geste - des origines 1250 - , Aix-en-Provence, Publications de l’Universit de Provence, 2 tomes, 1979. COMFORT, W. War In Iraq Essay? W., The Literary Role of the speech is silver but silence is golden, Saracens in the French Epic, Publications of the iraq essay, Modern Language Association of tesco aims and objectives essay America , 55 ( 1940), p. War In Essay? 628-659. CROSSLAND, Jessie, Virgil and the old French epic, dans MLR , t. Extended Essay About? XXII, 1928, pp. 164-73. DESSAU, Adalbert, L'idée de la trahison au moyen-âge et son rôle dans la motivation de quelques chansons de geste., CCM , 3 (1960), p. 23-26. DICKMANN, A. War In Iraq Essay? J., Le rle du surnaturel dans les chansons de geste , Paris, 1926.

DOUTREPONT, G., Les mises en prose des popes et des romans chevaleresques du XIV e au XVI e sicle , Bruxelles, 1939. DUBY, Georges, Les Trois Ordres ou l'Imaginaire du fodalisme , Paris, 1978. FALK, J., Antipathies et sympathies dmocratiques dans l'pope franaise du Moyen ge, Mlanges C. Elephant? Walhund , 1896, p. 109-122. FLUTRE, L., Table des noms propres figurant dans les romans du Moyen Age , Poitiers, 1962. FOUCHE, P., Phontique historique du franais , Paris, 1966. FOULET, L., Petite syntaxe de l'ancien franais , Paris, 1930.

GALENT-FASSEUR, Valérie, L'épopée des pèlerins . War In Iraq Essay? Motifs eschatologiques et mutations de la chanson de geste , PUF, 1997. GAUTIER, Lon, Histoire de la Langue et de la Littrature franaise des Origines 1900 publie sous la direction de L. Petit de Julleville , Paris, Armand Colin, I, pp. Elephant Paper? 104-106. GAUTIER, Lon, Bibliographie des chansons de geste , Paris, 1897. GAUTIER, Lon, Les popes franaises. tudes sur les origines et l’histoire de la littrature nationale , Paris, Victor Palm, 1865-1867, 3 vol. Remaniement en quatre volumes, Paris, 1878-94. GAUTIER, Léon, Les Epopées françaises, étude sur les origines et l'histoire de la littérature nationale , 5 vols. Iraq Essay? Paris, Société générale de librairie catholique, Victor Palmé, directeur, 1878 ; vol. II : Paris : Librairie Univ. Research Papers? H. War In Iraq? Welter, 1892 ; vol.

III : Paris : Palmé, 1880 ; vol. And Objectives? IV : Paris : Palmé, 1882. GOSSEN, Ch., Grammaire de l'ancien picard , Paris, 1970. GOTHEIN, P., Die antiken Reminiszenzen in war in iraq essay, den Chansons de geste , dans ZfS , t. L, 1927, pp. 39-84. GRISWARD, Jol H., Archologie de l’pope mdivale , Paris, Payot, 1981. GUIDOT, Bernard, Recherches sur la chanson de geste au XIII e sicle d’aprs certaines œuvres du cycle de guillaume d’Orange , Aix-en-Provence, Marseille, Publications de l’Universit de Provence, 1986, 2 vol. GUIETTE, Robert, Forme et senefiance , Genve, Publications Romanes et Franaises, Droz, 1978. Paper? HEGEL, Esthétique , traduction de S. War In Iraq Essay? Jankélévitch, 4 tomes, Flammarion, Champs, 1979.

HOEPFFNER, Ernest, Les rapports littraires entre les premires chansons de geste, dans Studi med ., t. IV, 1931, pp. 233-58 ; VI, 1933, pp. 45-81. HOEPFFNER, Ernest, La chanson de geste et les dbuts du roman courtois, dans Mlanges Jeanroy , Paris, 1928, pp. 427-37. Is Silver But Silence Is Golden? HOMERE, l' Odyssée , éd. traduite et présentée par Mario Meunier, coll. Le cercle du bibliophile , imprimé en Allemagne. HOMERE, l' Iliade , éd. traduite et présentée par Mario Meunier, préface de Fernand Robert, coll.

Le livre de Poche , Paris, 1985. IMBS, P., La technique littraire des chansons de geste , Actes du colloque de Lige, Belles Lettres, 1959. LABANDE, Edmond-René, Le crédo épique. A propos des prières dans les chansons de geste, dans Recueil de travaux offerts à M. Essay? Clovis Brunel . Mémoires et documents publiés par la Société de l'Ecole de Chartes, Paris, 1955, II, pp. Speech Essay? 62-80. LAFONT, R., Oncles et Neveux , Et c’est la fin por quoy sommes ensemble. Hommages J. War In Iraq Essay? Dufournet , Champion, 1993, t. Research Papers English? II, p. War In Essay? 839-854. LANGLOIS, Ernest, Table des noms propres de toute nature compris dans les chansons de geste imprimes , Paris, 1904. Rimpression, New-York, 1971. LEJEUNE, Rita, Les thories relatives aux origines des chansons de geste, dans Revue des Cours et Confrences , t. XXXVIII, I, 1937, pp. Custom Essay? 594-609 et 673-83.

LOT, Ferdinand, tudes sur les lgendes piques franaises, V, La Chanson de Roland , dans Romania , t. LIV, 1928, pp. War In Iraq Essay? 357-80. LOTE, G., Histoire du vers franais , Paris, 1949-1955. MADELENAT, Daniel, L'pope , Paris, P.U.F., 1986, (Littratures modernes). MALFAIT-DOHET, Monique, Le hros pique du XIVe sicle est-il l'image archaque d'un monde qui s'efface ou le reflet d'un monde nouveau ? Nouveaux mondes. , p. Tesco Aims And Objectives Essay? 73-85, Rencesvals 1990-91. MANDACH, Andr de, Naissance et dveloppement de la chanson de geste en Europe , III, Chanson d'Aspremont , Genve, 1975. MARTIN, Jean-Pierre, Les motifs dans la chanson de geste , DTC , Paris III, 1984. MENARD, Philippe, Le Rire et le sourire dans le roman courtois , Droz, Genve, 1969.

MENARD, P., Syntaxe de l'ancien franais , Bordeaux, 1973. MERCERON, J., Le message et sa fiction. La communication par messager dans la littérature française des XIIe et XIIIe siècles, Berkeley, University of war in iraq California Press, 1998. MEYER, Paul, Recherches sur l'pope franaise , dans BEC, t. Definition Essay About? XXVIII, pp. Iraq Essay? 28-63, 304-42. MOISAN, A., Rpertoire des noms propres de personne et de lieux cits dans les chansons de geste franaises et dans les oeuvres trangres drives , 5 vol., Genve, Droz, 1986. NYROP, C., Storia dell'epopea , Firenze, 1886. OLSCHKI, L., Paris nach den altfranzsischen natinalen Epen. Topographie, Stadtgeschichte und lokale Sagen , Heidelberg, 1913. OLSCHKI, L., Das ideale Mittelpunkt Frankreichs in phd dissertation, Mittelalter, in Wirklichkeit und Dichtung , Heidelberg, 1913.

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AILES, Marianne, J., Romance and Epic elements in aims, the different French versions of Fierabras , dans Olifant , X, 1982-1983, pp. 41-49. Iraq Essay? AILES, Marianne, J., A comparative study of the medicval French and is silver but silence is golden essay middle English verse texts of the Fierabras legend, thèse Univ. Reading, 1989. BOUTET, Dominique, Le Fierabras anglo-normand du manuscrit Egerton 3028 du du British Museum , style épique et remaniement dans Au carrefour des routes d’Europe : la chanson de geste, Xe congrs international de la socit Rencesvals pour l’tude des popes romanes , Publications du CUER MA, Senefiance n°21, Universit de Provence, 1987, I, pp. 283-299. Essay? BRANDIN, Louis, Le manuscrit de Hanovre de la Destruction de Rome et de Fierabras , dans Rom. English? , t. XXVIII, 1899, pp. 489-507. War In Essay? BRANDIN, Louis, La Destruction de Rome et Fierabras ; ms. Papers English? Egerton 3028, du Mus.

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1209-1245. MANDACH, André de, La geste de Fierabras ou le jeu du réel et de l'invraissemblable, dans Au carrefour des routes d’Europe : la chanson de geste, Xe congrs international de la socit Rencesvals pour l’tude des popes romanes , Publications du CUER MA, Senefiance n°21, Universit de Provence, 1987, II, pp. 843-857. Elephant Writing? MARINONI, Maria Carla, Fierabras, anonimo in prosa, Parigi B.N. ms. Essay? 2172 , Milano, 1979. Paper? (Transcription du manuscrit en prose) MELLI, Elio, Rapports entre les versions française, provençale et italienne de Fierabras . Ressemblances et différences structurales, stylistiques et registrales, intertextualité dans Au carrefour des routes d’Europe : la chanson de geste, Xe congrs international de la socit Rencesvals pour l’tude des popes romanes , Publications du CUER MA, Senefiance n°21, Universit de Provence, 1987, II, pp.

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424-426. CALIN, William C., The Old french Epic of Revolt : Raoul de Cambrai, Renaud de Montauban, Gormond et Isembard , Genève, Droz, 1962. War In Essay? FOERSTER, W., Jenaer Literaturzeitung , III, n35, 1876, pp. 557-559. FOESRTER, W., Zeitschrift für französiche Sprache und Litteratur , XXIV, p. 204. FLURI, Theodor, Isembart et Gormont. Custom? Entwicklung der Sage und historische Grundlage , Basel, 1895. HARD AF SEGERSTAD, K., Sur l'âge et l'auteur du fragment de Bruxelles (Uppsatser i romansk filologi tillagnade Professor P. A. War In Iraq Essay? Geijer , Uppsala, 1901, pp. 127-139.

LOT, Ferdinand, Romania , LIII, 1927, pp. Elephant Paper? 335-342. War In Iraq? ORR, John, Modern Language Review , XV, 1920, pp. Pay For? 265-269. PARIS, Gaston, Romania , V, 1876, pp. 377-381. War In Iraq? PARIS, Gaston, Romania , VIII, 1879, pp. Elephant? 300-301. Essay? PARIS, Gaston, Romania , XVIII, 1889, p. 137. PARIS, Gaston, Romania , XXXI, 1902, pp. 445-448.

POPE, K., The Dialect of Gormont and essay Isembard , dans Modern Language Review , XIII, 1918, pp. 335-338. RAMBEAU, A., Uber die als echt nachweisbaren Assonanzen des Oxforder Textes des Chanson de Roland , Halle, 1878. SOSTMANN, C., Der Formenbau des Nomens und Verbums in war in iraq essay, dem Fragment von Gormont et Isembart, nebst einem etymologischen Wörterverzeichnisse , Kiel, 1910, pp. Action Research English? 67-78. VOLCKER, B., Die Worstellung in iraq, den ältesten französichen Sprachdenkmälern , Heilbronn, 1882, Französichen Studien , III, 7. VORETZSCH, Literaturblatt für germ. und romanische Philologie , 1909, col. Research? 104-106. Iraq Essay? WILMOTTE, M., Les origines littéraires de Gormond et Isembard , Bruxelles, 1925, Académie royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la Classe des Lettres , 5e série, t. XI, pp. Action Papers English? 35-53. Iraq? ZENKER, Rudolf, Romanische Forschungen , XXXIX, 1926, pp.

479-480. ZENKER, Rudolf, Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie , XXX, 1906, pp. Aims And Objectives Essay? 509-510. ZENKER, Rudolf, Das Epos von Isembard und Gormund. Sein Inhalt und seine historischen Grundlagen, nebst einer metrischen bersetzung des Brsseler Fragments , Halle, 1896. BOSSUAT, Robert, La chanson de Hugues Capet , Romania , t. War In? LXXI, 1950, p. 450-481.

BOSSUAT, Robert, La lgende de Hugues Capet au XVIe sicle, Mlanges H. Is Silver Essay? Chamard , 1951, p. Iraq? 29-38. DEUTSCHMANN, Albert, Untersuchung über die Sprache der Chanson de geste Hugues Capet und über die Identität des Verfassers mit dem des Bauduin de Sebourc , Inaugural-dissertation Leipzig, Halle : H. John, 1909. FERRIERE, A., Hugues Capet, chanson de geste du XIVe sicle, Etude d'histoire littraire, Positions des thses cole de Chartres , 1950, p. 49-51. GIER, Albert, Hugues Capet le pome de l'harmonie sociale, dans Essor et fortune de la chanson de geste dans l'Europe et l'Orient latin , p. 69-75. Findings? Actes du IXe Congrs International de la Socit Rencesvals pour l'tude des popes romanes, Padoue -Venise 29 aot-4 septembre 1982. Modena : Mucchi d. Essay? 1984, XVI, 1013 p. Essay? en 2 tomes.

ROY, Emile, La versification et le style de Hugues Capet , de Baudoin de Sebourc et du Bastart de Bouillon (Rimes, métrique, flexion, syntaxe, vocabulaire et style), dans A la Mémoire d'Emile Roy , Publications de l'Université de Dijon, II, Dijon : Bellais et alii ; Paris : Picard, 1929, pp. War In Essay? 1-19. SUARD, Franois, Hugues Capet dans la chanson de geste au XIVe sicle, Colloque International sur Hugues Capet, 987-1987. II Religion et culture autour de l'an mil , Paris, 1990, p. Phd Dissertation? 215-226. SUBRENAT, Jean, Richier mule de Rainouart. War In Essay? Le burlesque dans la chanson de Hugues Capet Actes du Colloque de Strasbourg (septembre 1993) , Annales littraires de l'Universit de Besanon n° 558, 1995. Le roman de Hugues Capet au XIVe sicle , traduit par Franois SUARD et Jean SUBRENAT, Troesnes, 1987.

ROSSI, marguerite, Huon de Bordeaux et l’volution du genre pique au XIIIe sicle , Paris, Champion, 1975. VORETZSCH, C., Epische Studien I. Pay For? Die Composition des Huon de Bordeaux , Halle a. Saale, 1900. ADLER, A., Jehan de Lanson as related to Auberi le Bourguignon and to iraq essay Les Quatre fils Aymon , Romances Notes , 1969, pp. Pay For? 399-406. BAROIN, J., Simon de Pouille (tude et dition) , Thse de l'Universit de Paris IV, Atelier de reproduction des thses de l'Universit de Lille III, Paris, 1978, t. Iraq? I, pp. 117-119. BDIER, Joseph, Les lgendes piques, recherches sur la formation des chansons de geste , Paris, 2e d. 1914-21, t. Aims Essay? II, p. Iraq Essay? 281-293 et t. Elephant Paper? IV, p. 217. BOUTET, Dominique, Jehan de Lanson, Technique et esthtique de la chanson de geste au XIII e sicle , Paris, Presses de l’Ecole Normale Suprieure, 1988. BOUTET, Dominique, La politique et l'histoire dans les chansons de geste, Annales (Economies, Socits, Civilisations) , 1976, n°6, pp.

1119-1130. COURAYE du PARC, J., Recherches sur la chanson de Jehan de Lanson , Mlanges Julien Havet , Paris, 1895, pp. War In Iraq Essay? 325-354. DUGGAN, J. J., The thief Basin and the legend of aims Charlemagne, Actes du VIIIe Congrs International de la Socit Rencesvals, Pamplona, 1981, pp. Iraq? 107-115. GAUTIER, Lon, Les popes franaises. English? Etudes sur les origines et l’histoire de la littrature nationale , Paris, Victor Palm, t. War In Iraq? III, 1880, pp. 257-270. LEJEUNE, Rita, La localisation en Provence de la chanson de geste de Jehan de Lanson , Premier Congrs des membres associs du Flibrige , Toulon, 1958, pp.

17-22. NYROP, C., Storia dell'epopea , Firenze, 1886, pp. Action? 110-112. PARIS, Gaston, Histoire potique de Charlemagne , Paris, 1905, pp. Iraq? 321-322. PARIS, Gaston, Compte-rendu de l'art. Action Research? cit de J. Couraye du Parc, Romania , XXIV, 1895, pp. Iraq Essay? 317-318. PARIS, Paulin, analyse de l'oeuvre dans Histoire Littraire de la France (HLF), t. XXI, pp.

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BALDINGER, Kurt, Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie , LXXXV, 1969, p. Action Research Papers? 640. War In Iraq Essay? COOK, Robert Francis, French Review , XLIV, 1971, pp. 627-628. Pay For? DELBOUILLE, Maurice, « Apollonius de Tyr et les débuts du roman français », Mélanges offerts à Rita Lejeune , Gembloux, II, 1969, pp. Essay? 1171-1204. DEMBOWSKI, Peter F., « La prétendue geste de Blaye », Actas del XI Congreso Internacional de Linguistica y Filologia Romanicas , Madrid, 1968, pp. Action Research Papers English? 841 à 851. War In Essay? DEMBOWSKI, Peter F., « Autour de Jourdain de Blaye , aspects structuraux et problèmes connexes », Neophilologus , LI, 1967, pp. Family? 238-45.

DI STEFANO, Giuseppe, Studi francesi , XIV, 1970, pp. War In Essay? 124-125. FERLAMPIN-ACHER, Christine, « A propos de Jourdain de Blayes : le genre pique et les personnages fminins », dans L'Information littraire , 44/3, mai-juin 1992, p. 42-45. GRÖBER, Gustav, Grundriss der romanischen Philologie , II, Strasbourg, 1902, p. 571. HOFFMANN, Karl, Amis et Amiles et Jourdains de Blaivies. Zwei altfranzsiche Heldengedichte des Karolingischen Sagenkreises . Is Silver But Silence Is Golden? 2e dtion erlangen, Deichert, 1882. KOCH, John, Ueber Jourdain de Blaivies, ein altfranzösiches Heldengedicht des kerlingischen Sagenkreises , Dissertation, Königsberg, 1875. LECOY, Félix, Romania , XCI, 1970, p. 137. LE GENTIL, Pierre, C.C.M. , XVII, 1974, pp. Iraq? 61-62.

LEVY, Raphael, Chronologie approximative de la littérature française du Moyen Age , Tübingen, 1957, p. Tesco Essay? 57. MENARD, Philippe, Romance Philology , XXVIII, 1975, pp. 396-398. MODERSOHN, Hermann, Die Realien in iraq, den altfranz. chanson de geste Amis et Amile und Jourdain de Blaivies ; diss. Aims And Objectives? Mnster, Lingen, 1886. RASMUSSEN, Bertie H., « L'origine des chansons de geste Ami et Amile et Jourdain de Blaye », Actes du Quatrième Congrès des Romanistes Scandinaves , Copenhague, 1967, pp. War In? 232-39. RASMUSSEN, Bertie H., « Le Cycle de Blaye et l'histoire », dans Société Rencesvals, IVe Congrès International , Heidelberg, 1969, pp. Tesco Aims And Objectives Essay? 82-89. ROSS, David J. A., Modern Language Review , LXV, 1970, p. War In? 623. CASTELDO, W., Die Prosafassung der Bataille Loquifer und des Moniage Renouard ; diss.

Halle, Wittenberg, 1912. (tude sur la version en prose). CLOETTA, Wilhelm, Grandor von Brie und Guillaume von Bapaume, dans Festgabe Ad. Mussafia , pp. Speech Is Silver Is Golden Essay? 255-275 et ZfS , t. XXVII, 1905, pp. War In? 22-29. RUNEBERG, J., tudes sur la geste Rainoart , diss.

Helsingfors, 1905. AKKARI, Hatem, Mre, tu souffriras et tu erreras . La souffrance et l’errance de la mre dans La belle Hlne de Constantinople et dans Florent et Octavien , dans Bien dire et bien aprandre , XVI, 1998, pp. 7-18. BUSSMANN, Henry, Grammatische Studien ber den Roman de la belle Helaine nebst einer Textprobe aus Hs. A (Arraser Stadt Bibl. Definition Family? n° 766) und Hs. L (Lyoner Bibl., n°685) ; diss. Greifswald, 1907. DOUHET, Dictionnaire des Lgendes , p. 523. KRAPPE, A. War In Essay? H., La Belle Hlne de Constantinople , dans Romania , 68, 1937, pp. Research English? 324-353.

LEON, A., Une pastorale basque , Paris, 1908. ROUSSEL, Claude, Berthe, Florence, Hlne : trois variations Epiques sur le thme de l’Epouse perscute dans L’pope tardive , Centre des sciences et de la littrature, Littrales 22 , Universit Paris X, Nanterre, 1998, pp. 39-60. ROUSSEL, Claude, Conter de geste au XIVe siècle. Inspiration folklorique et écriture épique dans La Belle Hélène de Constantinople, Genève, Droz, 1998. ROY, mile, Philippe le Bel et la lgende des trois fleurs de lis, dans Mlanges Thomas , 1927, pp. 383-388. RUTHS, R., Die Franzsiche Fassungen des Roman de la Belle Helaine ; diss. Greifswald, 1897.

SUCHIER, H., d. des Oeuvres de Beaumanoir , t. War In? I, p. Speech Is Silver But Silence? XXVII. FRAPPIER, Jean, Le caractre et la mort de Vivien dans La Chanson de Guillaume , dans Coloquios de Roncesvalles , Saragosse, 1956, pp. 229-243. FRAPPIER, Jean, Les chansons de geste du cycle de Guillaume , 2 vol., Paris, 1965. STEARNS TYLER, E., La chanun de Guillelme , New-York, 1919. SUCHIER, Hermann, La chanun de Guillelme. Franzsiches Volksepos des XI. War In Essay? Jahrunderts kritisch herausgegeben, Bibliotheca Normannica, VIII, Halle, 1911. WATHELET-WILLEM, Jeanne, Recherches sur la Chanson de Guillaume , Paris, 1975.

WATHELET-WILLEM, Jeanne, Le roi et la reine dans La Chanson de Guillaume et dans Aliscans . Extended Definition Essay Family? Analyse de la scne de Laon, dans Mlange Jeanne Lods , I, Paris, 1978. CHABANEAU, C., Revue des langues romanes , t. IX, 1876, pp. 192-208, 352-353. GUIBAL, G., Le pome de la croisade contre les Albigeois ou l'pope nationale de la France du sud au XIII e sicle , Toulouse, 1863. KRAACK, L., Ueber die Entstehung und die Dichter der Chanson de la croisade contre les Albigeois , Marburg, 1884, in-8°, Inaugural-dissertation, fasc.

15 des Ausgaben und Abhandlungen , publi par E. War In Iraq? Stengel. LUCHAIRE, Achille, Innocent III, La croisade des Albigeois , Paris, 1905. MALINOWSKI, J., Dormunda, dame quercynoise, pote du XIII e sicle, dans le Bulletin de la Socit des tudes du Lot , t. Elephant Writing? VI, 1880, pp. 5-19. MEYER, Paul, Recherches sur les auteurs de la Chanson de la croisade Albigeoise , Bibliothque de l'cole des chartres, 6me srie, t. I, 1865, pp. War In Iraq Essay? 401-422.

Pour clairer La Chanson de Roland : BEDIER, Joseph, La chanson de Roland : Commentaires , Paris, Piazza, 1927. BEDIER, Joseph, Les assonances en -é et en -ié dans La Chanson de Roland , Romania , 47 (1921), p. 465-480. Tesco Aims And Objectives Essay? BRAULT, Gérard, The song of essay Roland. An Analytical Edition . 2 vols, University Park London : The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1978. CREPIN, A., Formule, motif, thme : la clart dans La chanson de Roland , Charlemagne et l'pope romane , Belles Lettres, 1978, t. Phd Dissertation? II, pp. 345-359. Iraq Essay? DEMOULIN, Auguste. Charlemagne, la légende de son peché et le choix de Ganelon pour l'ambassade. Marche romane : cahiers de l'ARULG 25.1-2 (1975), p. 105-26. Elephant Writing? DUGGAN, Joseph, The Song of Roland : Formulaic Style and iraq essay Poetic Craft . Publications of the findings, Center for iraq Medieval and phd dissertation findings chapter Renaissance Studies, Univ. of war in iraq essay California, Los Angeles, 6. Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of Californai Press, 1973. EDMONDS, Barbara P., Le Portrait des Sarrasins dans La Chanson de Roland , French Review , 44 (1971, p. Phd Dissertation? 870-880.

FAWTIER, Robert, La chanson de Roland , tude historique, Paris, 1933. GUIETTE, Robert, Les deux scnes du cor dans La Chanson de Roland et dans les Conquestes de Charlemagne , dans MA, t. Iraq Essay? 69, 1963, pp. 845-855. Findings? KELLER, Hans-Erich, Autour de Roland , Paris, 1992. Iraq Essay? MENENDEZ-PIDAL, Ramon, La chanson de Roland et la tradition pique des Francs , 2e d., traduite par I. Pay For Essay? Cluzel, Paris, 1960. War In? PAUPHILET, Albert, Sur la Chanson de Roland , dans Romania , t. Papers English? LIX, 1933, pp. 161-68. Essay? RAMBEAU, A., Uber die als echt nachweisbaren Assonanzen des Oxforder Textes des Chanson de Roland , Halle, 1878.

RUGGIERI, Ruggero M., Il titolo e la protasi dell' Entre d'Espagne e dei Fatti di Spagna in tesco essay, rapporto alla materia della Chanson de Roland , dans Mlanges Maurice Delbouille , II, 1964, pp. 615-633. SEGRE, Cesare, La chanson de Roland. War In Essay? Edizione critica (Documenti di Filologia 16), Milano, Napoli, 1971. SUBRENAT, Jean, E Oliver est proz, tudes offertes Jules Horrent , Lige, 1980, pp.

461-467. Tesco And Objectives Essay? WALPOLE, R. War In Iraq Essay? N., Two Comments on Recent Studies of the tesco, Chanson de Roland , Romance Philology , 1952, 6, pp. War In? 34-44. BOWMAN, R. K., The connections of the Geste des Loherains with other French Epics and aims essay Mediaeval Genres , Thse de Columbia University, New-York, 1940. FEIST, Alfred, Die Geste des Loherains in iraq, der Prosabearbeitung der Arsenal-Handschrift (Ausg.

Abh, XX), 1884. Pour clairer La geste Francor : Le manuscrit de Venise (Bibliothque Saint-MArc, fr. Tesco Essay? XIII) contient un ensemble de textes piques, Bovo d'Antona , Berta de li gran pi , Bovo d'Antona II , Karleto , Berta e Milon , Enfances Ogier , Rolandin , Chevalerie Ogier et Macaire , crits ou remanis pour former un rcit continu de la lutte du lignage de Mayence contre les Reali di Francia. Le manuscrit date de la premire moiti du XIV e sicle ; bien que son modle puisse tre notablement antrieur, ce recueil reflte l'tat de l'pope franaise en Italie au dbut du XIV e sicle. KRAUSS, Henning, Epica feudale e pubblico borghese. Iraq Essay? Per la storia poetica di Carlomagno in speech is silver essay, Italia , a cura di A. Fass, Padova, 1980.

La Geste Francor di Venezia ( Codice Marciano XIII della serie francese ). Fac simile in iraq essay, fototipia con un Proemio di Pio Rajna, Milano, Roma, 1925. La Geste Francor di Venezia. Edizione integrale del Codice XIII del Fondo francese della Marciana . Writing Paper? Introduzione, note, glossario, indice dei nomi a cura di Aldo ROSELLINI, Brescia, La scuola, 1986 ( Pubblicazioni del Centro di Linguistica dell'Universit cattolica, Saggi e monografie , 6). BERTOLINI, Virginio, « Castrinas, duca di Verona, nel poema di Niccol da Casola », dans Atti e Memorie dela Accademia di Agricoltura, Scienze e Lettere di Verona , serie VI, t. 27 (152), 1975-1976, pp. Iraq Essay? 81-90. PEISKER, Rose-Marie, Materialien zur Beschreibung der Sprache der franko-venezischen Epos La Guerra d'Attila , Gttingen, 1973. ANDRIEUX-REIX, Nelly, Une ville devenue dsir : la Prise d'Orange et la transformation du motif printanier, dans Mlanges Alice Planche , Paris, 1984, t. Pay For Custom Essay? I, pp. War In? 21-32.

HEINEMANN, E. Action Research? A., Sur l'art de la laisse dans Le Couronnement de Louis dans Charlemagne et l'pope romane , Actes du VIIe Congrs International de la Socit Rencesvals , Paris, Belles Lettres , 1978, p. 383-391. FRAPPIER, Jean, Les chansons de geste du Cycle de Guillaume d'Orange , 2 tomes, Paris, S.E.D.E.S, 1955-1965. GUIDOT, Bernard, Recherches sur la chanson de geste au XIII e sicle d’aprs certaines œuvres du cycle de guillaume d’Orange , Aix-en-Provence, Marseille, Publications de l’Universit de Provence, 1986, 2 vol. SUARD, Franois, Le motif du dguisement dans quelques chansons du cycle de Guillaume d'Orange , Olifant , 7, 1980. COOK, Robert F., et CRIST, Larry S., Le Deuxime cycle de la croisade. deux tudes sur son dveloppement. War In Essay? Les textes en vers.

Saladin , Genve, 1972 (Publications romanes et franaises, 120). DUPARC-QUIOC, Suzanne, Le cycle de la croisade , Paris, Champion, 1955. DUPARC-QUIOC, Suzanne, « Les pomes du 2e cycle de la croisade : problmes de composition et de chronologie », dans RHT , t. 9, 1979, pp. 141-181. AUDOIN, Philippe, Bourges, cité première : essai d'iconologie mytho-hermétique , Paris, Julliard, 1972. JENNY, Jean, « Note bibliographique sur Lion de Bourges », dans Cahiers d'Archologie et d'histoire du Berry , t. Phd Dissertation Findings Chapter? 33, 1973, pp. 74-76. KIBLER, William W., « The Fake-Pilgrim in essay, Lion de Bourges », dans RN , t. 11, 1969-1970, pp.

407-413. KIBLER, William W., « Les derniers avatars du personnage de Charlemagne dans l'pope franaise », dans Charlemagne et l'pope romane , 1978, pp. Custom Essay? 281-290. KRICKMEYER, R, Weitere Studien zur Chanson de Lion de Bourges , Teil I, Greifswald, 1905. PICHERIT, Jean-Louis, « Le merveilleux chrtien et le motif du mort reconnaissant dans la chanson de Lion de Bourges », dans Annuale mediaevale , t. War In? 16, 1974, pp.

41-52. PICHERIT, Jean-Louis et KIBLER William W., « Lion de Bourges », dans Olifant , t. Action Papers? 2, 1974-1975, pp. War In Iraq? 5-13, 129-138, 183-197, 246-259. PICHERIT, Jean-Louis, « Une partie d'checs dans la chanson de Lion de Bourges », dans RN , t. Essay? 16, 1974-1975, pp. 692-694. PICHERIT, Jean-Louis, « proverbial Material in iraq, Lion de Bourges », dans Olifant , t. 4, 1976-1977, pp. Definition? 244-258. PICHERIT, Jean-Louis, « Ralit et fiction gographique dans Lion de Bourges », dans Travel, Quest, and iraq essay Pilgrimage as a Literary Theme : Studies in definition essay, Honor of war in essay Reino Virtanen , ed. Frans C. And Objectives Essay? Amelinckx and essay Joyce N. Elephant Paper? Megay, Ann Arbor, 1978, pp. 61-76.

WILHELMI, H., Studien ber die Chanson de Lion de Bourges , Marbourg, 1894. BECKMANN, Gustav A., Maugis d'Aigremont . Iraq? Zur Genesis einer literarischen Gestalt, dans ZRP , t. 89, 1973, pp. 148-166. VERNAY, Philippe, Vers une dition critique de Maugis d'Aigremont , dans CN , t. Speech? 34, 1974, pp. War In? 15-71.

VERELST, Philippe, L'enchanteur d'pope : prolgomnes une tude sur Maugis , dans Romanica Gandansia , t. Action Research Papers English? 16, 1976, pp. Essay? 119-162. RUNEBERG, J., tudes sur la geste Rainoart , diss. Helsingfors, 1905. EMPLAINCOURT, Edmond A, « Le Chevalier au Cygne et Godefroi de Bouillon : Note sur le Ms. Custom? 744 de Lyon (Biblio. Iraq? Municipale) », dans Rom ., t. 95, 1974, pp. Is Silver Essay? 562-565. EMPLAINCOURT, Edmond A, « Le CCGB de Lyon (Ms. 744, Bibliothque Municipale) : Note sur trois allusions Baudoin de Sebourc », dans Olifant , t. 4, 1976-1977, pp.

78-83. Iraq? KRÜGER, August Georg, « Les manuscrits de la Chanson du Chevalier au Cygne et Godefroi de Bouillon » , dans Rom ., XXVIII, 1899, pp. 421-426. LODS, Jeanne, L'utilisation des thèmes mythiques dans trois versions écrites de la légende des Enfants-Cygnes, dans Mélanges offerts à René Crozet , Poitiers, Société d'Etudes Médiévales , 1966, pp. Aims And Objectives? 809-820.

LODS, Jeanne, L'Art de la composition dans les différentes versions du Chevalier au Cygne, dans Société Rencesvals, IVe Congrès International : Actes et mémoires , Studia Romanica, 14, Heidelberg, Winter, 1969, pp. War In? 245-253. GOOSSE, Andr, Ogier le Danois , chanson de geste de Jean d'Outremeuse, dans Romania , t. Custom? 86, 1965, pp. 145-198. MARTIN, Jean-Pierre, Orson de Beauvais et l'écriture épique à la fin du XIIe siècle. Trasitions et innovations , Paris, Champion, 2005. AEBISCHER, Paul, Etudes sur Otinel. Iraq? ( De la chanson de geste la saga norroise et aux origines de la lgende ), Berne, Francke, 1960. LE GENTIL, Pierre, Rflexions sur la Chanson d' Otinel , dans Cultura Neolatina , 321, 1961, pp. Extended Essay About Family? 66-70.

BECKER, P. War In Essay? A., Parise la duchesse , Zeitschrift fr franzsiche Sprache und Literatur, 1942, Band 64, Heft 6.7, pp. 436-440. DI NINNI, Franca, « Il discorso diretto nelle opere di Niccol da Verona », dans Atti dell'Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti ( Classe di Scienze Morali, Lettere ed Arti ), t. Aims Essay? 133, 1974-1975, pp. Iraq? 263-294. DI NINNI, Franca, « L'episodio di Guron de Bretagne nella Prise de Pampelune », dans CN , t. 40, 1980, pp.

183-192. RUNEBERG, J., Etudes sur la geste Rainouart ( Thse Universit d'Helsingfors), Helsingfors, 1905. AZZAM, Wagih, La geste interminable. Tesco Aims And Objectives Essay? Raoul de Cambrai : fins et suites , dans PRIS-MA. Recherches sur la littrature d’imagination au Moyen ge , Universit de Poitiers, 15, 1999. BAUMGARTNER Emmanule, et HARF-LANCNER Laurence, Raoul de Cambrai : l’impossible rvolte , Paris, Unichamp , Champion, 1999.

BAUMGARTNER, Emmanule, Quelques remarques sur l’espace et le temps dans Raoul de Cambrai , dans La chanson de geste et le mythe carolingien. Iraq? Mlanges Ren Louis , Saint-Pre-sous-Vzelay, Muse archologique national, t. Speech But Silence Is Golden? 2, 1982. BEDIER, Joseph, Les lgendes piques. War In? Recherches sur la formation des chansons de gestes , Paris, Champion, t. Phd Dissertation Chapter? II, 1917, p. 338-463. BEZZOLA, Reto R., De Roland Raoul de Cambrai , Mlanges de philologie romane et de littrature mdivale offerts E. Hoepffner , Paris, Publ. Essay? De la facult des lettres de l’univ. Pay For? de Strasbourg, 1949. BOUTET, Dominique, Raoul de Cambrai entre l’pique et le romanesque , Actes du colloque de l’Universit Paris X, 20 novembre 1999, Littrales n°25, Paris, 2000. CALIN, William C., Raoul de Cambrai : un univers en dcomposition , dans Actes du VI e Congrs International de la Socit Rencesvals , Aix-en-Provence, Publications du CUER MA, 1974.

CALIN, William C., The Old french Epic of Revolt : Raoul de Cambrai, Renaud de Montauban, Gormond et Isembard , Genève, Droz, 1962. COMBARIEU du GRES, Micheline de, Guerri li Sors : les enjeux du personnage dans Raoul de Cambrai entre l’pique et le romanesque , dans Raoul de Cambrai, ouvrage dirig par Jean-Claude Vallecalle, Paris, Ellipses, 1999. EISNER, Robert, Raoul de Cambrai ou la tragdie du dsordre , dans The French Review , 45, Special Issue, n° 8, 1971. GUIDOT, Bernard, Spiritualit et violence dans Raoul de Cambrai dans Raoul de Cambrai, ouvrage dirig par Jean-Claude VALLECALLE et alii, Paris, Ellipses, 1999. Iraq Essay? JODOGNE, Omer, L'originalité de Raoul de Cambrai , dans La technique littéraire des chansons de geste , Bibliothèque de la Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres de l'Université de Liège, CL, Paris, Belles Lettres , 1959, pp. Essay? 37-58. KAY, Sarah, La composition de Raoul de Cambrai dans la Revue belge de philologie et d’histoire , 62, 1984. LABBE, Alain, La croix, l’pe et la flamme : autour de l’incendie d’Origny dans Raoul de Cambrai , dans Feu et lumire au Moyen Age, Travaux du groupe de recherches Lectures mdivales de l’Universit de Toulouse II, Toulouse, Editions Universitaires du Sud, 1998.

LABBE, Alain, Dfi et blasphme dans l’pisode d’Origny de Raoul de Cambrai : impit ou dsir de Dieu ? dans Raoul de Cambrai, ouvrage dirig par Jean-Claude Vallecalle, Paris, Ellipses, 1999. LABBE, Alain, Raoul et la voix des mres dans Raoul de Cambrai entre l’pique et le romanesque , Actes du colloque de l’Universit Paris X, 20 novembre 1999, Littrales n° 25 , Paris, 1999. LABBE, Alain, La vue du sang, vecteur de l’identit et de l’altrit dans Raoul de Cambrai dans la Revue des Langues Romanes, tudes romanes ddies la mmoire de Jacques BOISGONTIER , tome CIII, n° 2, 1999. LABBE, Alain, De quelques cœurs arrachs : horreur et violence dans la geste de la rvolte dans L’Horreur au Moyen Age , Travaux du groupe de recherches ‘‘Lectures mdivales’’, Universit de Toulouse II, Toulouse, ditions Universitaires du Sud, Diffusion Honor Champion, 1999. LE PERSON, Marc, La querelle de Raoul et de Bernier et ses consquences, Etude littraire des laisses 75-91 dans Raoul de Cambrai, ouvrage dirig par Jean-Claude Vallecalle et alii, Paris, Ellipses, 1999. LEGROS, Huguette, Au nom du pre…et du fils… dans Raoul de Cambrai, ouvrage dirig par Jean-Claude Vallecalle, Paris, Ellipses, 1999. LEGROS, Huguette, Raoul de Cambrai et Dom Juan : Hros lucifrien ou personnage cartel entre deux ordres moraux , dans La Chanson de geste et le mythe carolingien. Mlanges Ren Louis , Saint-Pre-sous-Vzelay, Muse archologique national, t. 2, 1982. MARTIN, Jean-Pierre, L’imaginaire de la temporalit dans Raoul de Cambrai dans Raoul de Cambrai entre l’pique et le romanesque, Actes du colloque de l’Universit Paris X, 20 novembre 1999, Littrales n° 25 , Paris, 2000.

MATARASSO, Pauline, Recherches historiques et littraires sur Raoul de Cambrai , Paris, Nizet, 1962. NAUDET, Valrie, En tous lius vos en serai nuissans, tude de l’espace dans Raoul de Cambrai , dans Raoul de Cambrai, ouvrage dirig par Jean-Claude Vallecalle, Paris, Ellipses, 1999. NAUDET, Valrie, Bernier en panime . Quelques rflexions sur les pisodes sarrasins de Raoul de Cambrai , dans Guerres, voyages et qutes au Moyen Age, Mlanges offerts J.-C. Essay? Faucon , Paris, Champion, 2000, pp. Chapter? 289-311. PAYEN, Jean-Charles, Le motif du repentir dans la littrature franaise mdivale ( des origines 1230 ), Genve, Droz, 1968, (Publications romanes et franaises). SUARD Franois, Le romanesque dans Raoul de Cambrai , dans Raoul de Cambrai entre l’pique et le romanesque, Actes du colloque de l’Universit Paris X, 20 novembre 1999, Littrales n° 25 , Paris, 2000. SUBRENAT, Jean, Raoul de Cambrai et son public au sicle de Philippe II Auguste dans Raoul de Cambrai, ouvrage dirig par Jean-Claude Vallecalle, Paris, Ellipses, 1999. VALLECALLE, Jean-Claude, Avant-propos : Raoul de Cambrai , ou la dsillusion dans Raoul de Cambrai , ouvrage dirig par Jean-Claude Vallecalle et alii, Paris, Ellipses, 1999. Pour clairer Renaut de Montauban : CALIN, William C., The Old french Epic of war in essay Revolt : Raoul de Cambrai, Renaud de Montauban, Gormond et Isembard , Genève, Droz, 1962.

LABBE, Alain, Images de la mre et substituts maternels dans Renaut de Montauban , dans Bien dire et bien aprandre , XVI, 1998, pp.171-189. THOMAS Jacques, VERELST Philippe et PIRON Maurice, tudes sur Renaut de Montauban, dans Romanica Gandensia , 1981. CRIST, Larry S., « The french Prose Saladin , the Wheel of phd dissertation chapter Fortune and the Cyclic Principle », dans Studies on the seven Sages of Rome and essay other essays in Medieval literature , Honolulu, 1978, pp. Elephant Paper? 212-218. MICHA, Alexandre, Le sige de Barbastre , structure et technique dans Travaux de linguistique et de littrature , VI, 2, 1968, pp. 37-52. NICHOLS, St., L'intervention de l'auteur dans le Sige de Barbastre , Boletin de la Real Academia de Buenas Letras de Barcelona , XXXI, 1965-66, pp. 243-250. BOOGARD, N. Van den, Le caractre oral de la chanson de geste tardive, Langue et littrature franaises du Moyen Age , Assen, 1978, pp. 25-38. MEYER, Paul, Notice sur le roman de Tristan de Nanteuil , dans Jahrbuch fr romanische und englische Literatur , 1868, 9, pp.1-42 et 353-398.

PARIS, Gaston et BOS Alphonse, Vie de Saint-Gilles , Paris, Didot, 1881, Socit des Anciens Textes Franais , pp. 98-110. PARIS, Paulin, Histoire Littraire de la France , Paris, Didot, 1853, t. War In? XXVI, pp. Phd Dissertation? 229-269. SINCLAIR, K. V., The Cyclic Relationships of iraq Tristan de Nanteuil , Journal of the Australian Universities Language and Literature Association , 1964, 2, pp.

27-38. SINCLAIR, K. Custom Essay? V., The Geographical Elements in iraq essay, Tristan de Nanteuil , Neophilologus , XLVI, 1962, 46, pp. Speech? 255-263. BOSSUAT, Robert, Thsus de Cologne , Le Moyen Age , LXV, 1959, p. Iraq Essay? 97-133, 291-320, 539-77. BOSSUAT, Robert, « Le roi Dagobert, hros de romans du Moyen Age », dans Acadmie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres.

Comptes rendus des sances de l'anne 1964, pp. 361-367. THEIS, Laurent, « Dagobert, Saint-Denis et la royaut franaise au Moyen Age », dans Le mtier d'historien au Moyen Age, tudes sur l'historiographie mdivale , Paris, 1977, pp. Writing? 19-30. CASTETS, Ferdinand, Vivien de Monbranc, revue des langues romanes , 30 (1886), pp.

128-163.

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The reason people use pdf documents for iraq, resumes is to protect the integrity of the information they provide. Personally, I trust no one. So how do you insure the integrity of the document once it leaves your computer if not by pdf? Very informative post. Most of the job seekers are not aware of this ATS system. Thanks for the post. Visit following website, they deliver a beautiful resume of yourself. Do you want to track your CV once it leaves your mailbox.Please try http://www.cvticker.com. Well, we just can't win. Maybe this is one of the reason why more than 50 percent of the recruitment went to failure. After all if you think about it a resume is writing, just a piece of war in, paper, do it in their way there's no biggie, we are the phd dissertation findings seekers and they are the choosers.

It's the war in essay reality. With all the people complaining, it's almost funny to be honest.. Like businesses not updating their Word programs when one comes out every couple of years(costing a very large amount of money) and facing some compatibility issues (like not being able to findings, read .docx and war in iraq essay such new formats), many large businesses will not update/change their text-scanning software and they will not be able to read stuff like .pdf no matter how 'easy' it apparently is to extract it. If it costs more money/time, they probably don't want to deal with it. And I don't blame them one bit.. As for your I spent sooo much time designing this fancy resum© in .pdf, and why won't they read it? :'( the skipping out on some resum©s probably helps these companies. Not only does it lower the number of resum©s(probably somewhere in the hundreds or thousands) that they have to scan through (thereby lowering the load on extended definition, computers and the staff hired to look at iraq resum©s), fancy .pdfs are going to and objectives essay, have a higher file size than a simple .doc. The only place where I could see that being justified is in a small design business.

Otherwise, your pretty little .pdf means absolutely nothing to them. War In Essay! You can make some very nice documents in most word processors if you know what you`re doing, it shouldn`t be a problem at research papers all. Use your design skills there(not really tech skills to be honest, anyone can use that program). Overall, a large business that needs a text-extractor will not care if your resum© is a little bit nicer than the others. They don`t care, in a place where they employ 1000 people if one singular person who was above average was cut out in favour of someone who was average. 0 poos given.

If you are trying to highlight yourself before you even get a job offer, do it by researching industry standards(such as this one) and use them to your advantage! You are now one of the iraq essay 'x' number of people who didn`t get cut out by the text-scanning system for using a.pdf, congratulations! People, please stop whining, use this stuff to speech but silence is golden essay, your advantage! @ Palkia The Office Open XML (DOCX, XLSX etc) standard was designed by war in essay Microsoft in 2006 for action research papers, Office 2007. Most businesses should have a version of Word thats capable of opening a DOCX, as it's over 8 years old. XPDF, a FREE and open source PDF text extractor has been around since 1995.

There's zero excuse for war in essay, these software packages to not extract text out of a PDF. This just absolutely upsets me in so many ways. Tesco And Objectives! Why are you recruiters depended on iraq essay, a system that refuses to adapt? I have been spending hours on my resume to is silver but silence essay, stick out and just to war in iraq, find out that it simply doesn't matter what efforts I have made. Yes, I do use these key word in my resume because I was aware of the ATF searches but I had no idea about the PDF issue. I had preferred to submit my resume in phd dissertation findings chapter PDF because I created my resume on InDesign to war in iraq, highlight my tech and design skills. and plus I figured recruiter would have issues with layout if it was in a doc format.

I am sooo upset right now. Some digital age we are in. This is absolutely ridiculous. What kind of system is papers, not reading my bloody resume in iraq essay PDF. RETARDED DESIGN IDEA!! DO YOU KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE LOSING THEIR MINDS BECAUSE THEY DON 'T KNOW THIS CRUCIAL FUCKING REQUIREMENTS ?? IT 'S NOT LIKE THEY'RE IT TECHNICIANS!! @ huntingbird30 I literally crying. I have sent so many resumes in PDF because they were designed and chapter I spent hours on iraq, it.. and to find out they won't be looked just makes me sooo angry!. I have sent over 1000 resumes under pdf not one response.

only in america lol. What about aims and objectives essay sending a simple version of the PDF resume, WITH the PDF resume? The simple version would have all formating removed, and war in iraq would be the machine readable version, while the research PDF itself would be the version the war in essay HR person would refer to. What about tesco aims essay sending a simple version of the PDF resume, WITH the PDF resume? The simple version would have all formating removed, and would be the war in iraq essay machine readable version, while the PDF itself would be the version the HR person would refer to. Seriously? PDF text extraction is easy, there are a million open source tools for this with MIT license. Any program that is designed to scan text out of tesco essay, files that cannot read PDFs has some lazy ass programmers. We should not prepare the essay resumes format in the PDF's style.The recruiters won't allow this type of format. free pdf (lol) resume hosting at http://fresu.me. Hey this is a nice one.

Thanks for explaining it so brief. How to transfer car loan to my name? We don't scan for key words so in our system it doesn't matter if it's a word doc. or pdf resume you upload. www.ikrut.com = recruitment just got free. Regarding PDF files. Pay For Custom Essay! Disclosure: I have NEVER seen the recruiter side of an ATS tool. War In Iraq Essay! There seems to be two ways to create a PDF: 1) print, scan, save 2) direct from software Option 1 would require OCR technology to convert the scanned picture to speech is silver, text. While this improved over the years it is not perfect and formatting will drive OCR nuts.

Option 2 usually embeds the raw text as well. These are the PDF files you can use the war in essay search function of the reader with. My assumption, I know how that can turn out, is that the ATS systems should be able to pull the raw text from the computer generated file where Option 1 would cause issues. Regardless, why buck the system? Use the .doc or .txt format when applying and avoid the issue.

If you want to publish your resume online and are concerned with someone modifying it then use the PDF format there or set the .doc file to read only. Just a thought. Rich, First, I really enjoy your site and your posts . eh, most of which I agree with. :-) Second, this PDF-v-DOC discussion is one that I have had with with many people over action research papers, the last several years as I lecture on resume writing and online job searching here in the Atlanta area. I wrote a entry for iraq, my blog (http://wp.me/puGHZ-c8) about a year ago and discussed this very issue. But, like in my post, let me extend your warning comments to include the .ODT format as well as the extended definition essay about .PDF format. Both are a challenge to current-day ATS platforms. For those of you not familiar with .ODT, it's the essay default file format for Open Documents created with a variety of Open word processing packages, such as Sun's Open Office suite. While it is phd dissertation, a standard format (ISO/IEC), it's not broadly accepted on ATS platforms yet without additional (sometimes costly) add-on packages.

So, as Rich (and others) has pointed out effectively, when applying on-line, the de facto standard for resume file formats continues to be .DOC (.DOCX is almost on-par with .DOC .. give it another year) -- stick with it for now. Iraq! Keep the great posts coming along! Pardon my ignorance (I'm a job seeker, not a recruiter) but what do you mean by aims essay keywords of your industry? How can someone describe their experience and skills without using the same words as you may use to search for candidates? Are seekers and recruiters using such different language? How can I get a list of war in iraq, keywords for writing, my industry, so I make sure my resume is written in war in iraq essay the language of extended, recruiters? Many thanks. Use a word cloud tool like wordle.net or tagcloud.com to build a visual of the war in iraq essay job descriptions. 1) find a job description that interests you 2) copy text 3) go to word cloud tool, paste text 4) look at visual representation of the words on the cloud. The keywords should be in a larger font Just a thought.

Rich, Great column! Just one question regarding, My allergies are absolutely killing me. Writing! Couldn't be allergic to corn, could you?! AMEN! It is one of my biggest pet peeves, is havinbg PDF resumes. The only thinkg that drives me over the edge is essay, people who send the resume with the title of resume.doc. These people do not think anyone else use that defualt title. I used to rename them to be a nice recruiter, but when i have volumes of resumes coming in, in is easier to extended definition about, reject it since my ATS will not process it since there is iraq, ALWAYS one already in the database!

Hi Michael - Thanks for the comment and stopping by! YES, I hate generally titled resumes as well. I may need to write a post simply on speech is silver but silence, that. Thanks! I have also found that it is good to place a list of war in iraq, key words at the bottom in very small type and white characters that do not show up when printed however, many ATSs still pick up those key words when searching resumes. Just make sure those key words are relevant to the job and the industry otherwise they are of no use. Hey RBC - thanks for commenting. Excellent point about tesco aims and objectives keywords. Very important to note that ATS look for keywords and that's how people are found in the systme. Essay! Thanks. @rbc, if you are thoughtful in extended essay family developing accomplishment-based bullets that include the crucial keywords of your industry, then you won't need to rely on tricks such as white font, right?

Recruiters and war in employers will quickly lose respect (and the speech is silver essay contact info) of candidates who can't play straight. You can also introduce keywords in iraq your Summary Statement (not objective statement). Don't spend your energy playing games, but rather, spend your energy creating useful and unique content. We have a saying here at ResuMAYDAY and aims and objectives essay that's, give yourself the best resume that you've EARNED. Nothing more, nothing less. With a bit of wordsmithing and strategy, you won't have to resort to trickery. Great comment, ResuMAYDAY! Trickery is certainly not ideal. Thanks for stopping by! Hi Rich - I always knew that job seekers should definitely have multiple formats of their resume, but I didn't realize that submitting .PDFs could be such a problem.

If a job seeker is iraq essay, emailing their resume, what do you think of attaching all the formats they have (or at custom least both a .Doc and .PDF)? Whenever there's an online system, the .Doc submission always works better, even if .PDF can be submitted. Iraq! In those instances, it seems like the .Doc just translates better into the system. Thanks for phd dissertation chapter, the tips! - Corey Career Blogger at Urban Interns. Hey Corey - thanks for the comment. War In! Attaching all of the formats may work if it's just through email. That's a good way to go about it if they know for tesco aims essay, sure it's going to a recruiters inbox. Essay! The .doc is always best for online submissions and online systems. Writing Paper! These systems are the ATS which basically shred up the PDF format. War In Essay! Thanks again! Rich, Great tip on elephant paper, .docx vs. .doc.

It's something I suspected, but wasn't entirely sure. Thanks for war in essay, the heads up. Lee. Hey Lee - thanks for speech is silver but silence is golden, the comment. Iraq! I'll give Sarah White the nod for that tip! That was from her brain! Thanks! Geez . just when I'd decided (based on other articles) that I was going to start sending out pay for custom essay .pdf versions of my resume, I read this! Frankly, I have a jam-packed resume, reflecting 30+ years of iraq, experience in four or five (depending how one wants to slice-and-dice it) areas of the findings Communications field, and it has a nasty habit of trying very hard to push the last few items off the second page when left to the variables of war in essay, how different systems display a .doc file.

Obviously, having a .pdf version keeps all the info where it's supposed to be . however, if nobody is essay, actually READING these (either on-screen or in a print-out), I guess it doesn't matter. Heck, from reading the above I'm wondering if the no more than two pages rule is still active . if it's a computer scanning my resume for keywords, I can spew out a 10-page EPIC of my professional life and stuff it to the gills with likely keywords. Eh . anyway . you've convinced me to keep attaching the .doc version for the time being! - B.T. Hey BTRIPP - I'm sorry to have made you start over on this! It may be a hassle, but it MIGHT Be your best option to switch to the word resume. KEEP both formats, but only send the PDF to smaller companies.

Good luck! Excellent advice, Rich. First off, I completely, absolutely, 100 percent agree with everything you've written so don't take anything below as being at all contradictory but instead just additional to iraq essay, what you've written: 1. Action Research Papers! Erin's comment from a few minutes ago is one that we hear a lot. If she could only war in see what employers see when they're looking at research papers english their ATS then she'd understand. Most of the ATS software vendors seem to iraq essay, think that formatting is for wimps and what recruiters really want is a page of unformatted, straight text with no discernible columns, bullet points, numbering, etc. Definition Essay About Family! So all that nice formatting like putting your dates of employment in iraq essay one column and your job title and description in another so employers can read at chapter a glance where you've been and what you've done? Forget about war in iraq it. It all mashes together.

So any benefit that she or other job seekers perceive being there from a PDF versus a Word document quickly vanishes as soon as that PDF is sucked into a typical ATS. Tesco Aims! 2. In the 20 years since I founded this business, I've never talked with a recruiter who speaks highly of war in essay, their ATS. Never. 3. Tesco Aims Essay! I don't recall the exact percentage but it is something like 60 percent of resumes in ATS are essentially invisible to the recruiters using their ATS. The percentage was given to me by the folks at Preptel, which have created a system which will convert the war in iraq essay resume you post at a job board or other web site into a format that is compatible with each of the major ATS and extended definition about then posts your resume for you. Iraq Essay! Incredibly, putting dates in one column and job titles and descriptions in another -- like most resumes seem to tesco aims essay, be -- is one of the biggest problems for the ATS. These resumes often end up with all of the information from the first column (the dates) being lumped together in one paragraph and then all of the information from the second column (job titles and descriptions) appearing at the bottom of the resume so the recruiter has no easy way of determining which dates go with which jobs. These ATS have only essay been around for 15 years. You'd think they'd care more about the candidates and their clients. Elephant! If they did, you'd never see a problem like this.

By the war in essay way, we'll be implementing a partnership with Preptel this fall so candidates who apply to jobs on paper, our site will have their resumes properly posted to the employer's ATS. 4. If the war in iraq essay employer's system allows you to do so, upload your resume as a PDF, Word document, AND a plain text document. Look long and hard at that last one. Elephant Paper! If you can read it on your screen, then the employer should be able to read it in their ATS. Plain text documents force you to war in essay, trash all of pay for, those columns, bullets, etc. so what you end up with is a 1993-looking document that should be perfectly compatible with just about essay every ATS out there and that will greatly increase your chances of the employer being able to find you.

5. Employers using ATS find candidates who have applied to jobs not by phd dissertation reading through a stack of resumes like so many candidates think but instead by keyword searching. An employer might receive hundreds or even thousands of resumes per day and many of them tell me that at war in iraq least 90 percent are unqualified. Rather than wasting time reading through the 90 percent, the employers try to find the is silver 10 percent by running keyword searches just like we all do when we go to Google, Bing, or Yahoo. War In Iraq Essay! But just like those searches, you often end up missing what you're searching for because you didn't use the right keyword phrase or the page that has the information you want didn't include the keyword phrase that you used when you were searching for custom essay, it. So think about what keyword phrases the employer would use -- even if there's an idiot on their end -- and then use those same phrases in your resume. Keep up the good work, Rich! What is the war in essay best thing to do if i have pdf resume? im not getting any response. Hey Steven - Anything you say I listen to. Disagreeing with me or not.

Not blowing smoke up your ass here, but I do tend to learn a thing or two from you when you speak (or type). I agree with you on your points. Specifically, ATS programs need to get better. I didn't like the one we had, but I'll tell you that when we didn't have it, things were worse. It didn't complete solve the phd dissertation findings problem, but it helped me reach more people. Iraq! I was more efficient in my job, and as the only recruiter for my company, I felt more in control. In regards to tesco aims and objectives essay, #3, I think recruiters are constantly trying to do their job better.

In our field, what slows us down is what we usually think about. War In Iraq Essay! If something slows us down, we are to blame. Speech But Silence Essay! For that reason, the ATS is critical. Essay! When it fails (which does happen), it hurts us. I think that's why many don't like their ATS, or at elephant least want something better. Great points in essay #4.

Regards to action research english, #5, completely forgot to iraq, mention keywords in pay for the post. Excellent! I shouldn't have wrote it at 3am! If recruiters aren't trained on iraq essay, key word searching, then they are missing out. Elephant Paper! But if they don't know what key words to search, then they probably have larger issues. Thanks again for war in essay, the kind words and your thoughts! Seriously, WTF? It sounds like ATS systems are the dumbest thing on the planet, HR people hate them, and yet they keep using them because . . Elephant Writing Paper! . why?

Why hasn't sheer demand forced the companies that make these systems create something acceptable? And yet job seekers are still expected to sift through endless conflicting sources of advice despite the war in fact that almost nothing they will do can give them a reasonable chance of writing, not being rejected by iraq an idiotic system? I suppose I am lucky that I am in an industry (architecture) where most firms are far too small to use such systems. At least if I am rejected, it's most often by a human being who has actually at least glanced at my resume, instead of a computer system that doesn't properly do the job it was designed to do even half the time. Sheesh. Hey there, Rich, I'm interested in hearing more about Steve's #4 and your original point #3: If you send a PDF resume and receive an automatic response, it might be in your best interest to apply again, this time with Word formatted resume. I've thought about applying multiple times with different formats, but hesitated on the grounds that it would be redundant, annoying and extended definition family perceived as unprofessional. War In Iraq Essay! You've changed my mind! I still have questions though: Steve's answer was limited to one application with multiple file formats, but it didn't exclude the multiple applications idea. What do you think of extended definition essay about family, this idea, Steve? Also, Rich, your original point #3 is war in iraq essay, not be a popular alternative in the comments, and I'm not sure why, since it appears to solve the file format problem nicely and increase visibility in the ATS.

Could you expound on this more, and maybe take a stab at the reasons why someone might not use multiple applications? Also, do you have any resources about the definition about various ATS systems in essay use? Where and how can I find information about the capabilities of writing paper, each system? I understand the the rules of the iraq essay job hunt are not determined by me. I must humbly conform to the needs of action research papers, HR representatives, and I do. That being said, I can still grumble grumble a little at this.

As a mac user (like many others), I save my resumes as PDFs before submitting. I can save as a Word doc, but I have had issues in the past with formatting not saving properly. I find it hard to imagine that these HR professionals aren't aware that they are missing out on a number of candidates because of a PDF submission. Unless they are looking to filter out as many candidates as possible, why would they intentionally use a software that completely ignores a number of war in essay, candidates that may be the perfect fit for a position? Is it just that they don't understand the software or does it make their job easier by cutting the number of candidates? Can't say I like it, but I understand your point and will take your advice to submit .doc's going forward. Hi Erin - thanks for your comment!

Perfectly understand your grumbling, and you aren't alone. It's not something that I love about the research papers english system. It's just how it is. But I'll say this. As a resume reviewer, I care LESS about the iraq format, than I do about the speech but silence essay content. The purpose of the ATS is to war in, organize your information once you're in the system.

If your content is solid, I'll probably find you in there and review your information. If the format is messed up, I'll still consider you if the information is good. Elephant Writing! Format is less important than content and essay grammar. That's key to understand. Speech Is Golden! But. if you do have the PDF and it doesn't come through, then I'm not even able to iraq essay, read your content. Extended Essay Family! Why do people use it? A large company may receive 500 resumes per day. They simply can not open each one in an email. It would clog their email and they'd miss many people. It's not that recruiters don't understand the software, it's that the software doesn't understand PDF's.

That needs to change, and I'm sure in the next couple years that will absolutely change. Thanks again for your thoughts! […] Medicare fee schedule in war in iraq effect for Calendar Years 2013 and 2014, or the fee schedule … Why your PDF resume might be killing you | Corn on the Job Aug 18, 2011 … This post explains why you should use a word format for your resume. … […]

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One War, Many Reasons: The US Invasion of Iraq

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One War, Many Reasons: The US Invasion of Iraq

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Competence , Culture , Four stages of competence 2676 Words | 7 Pages. Nursing I was in a hospital for my co-op placement, I chose this because I was considering nursing as my chosen career path. . For this reason, I have researched the nursing career. I have spent many hours in this setting and feel that I have a pretty good understanding as to what goes on day to custom essay day. Before choosing to become a nurse, one must first examine themselves and look to see if they have the war in iraq essay right qualities for this demanding job. Some qualities are such; caring, compassion, a strong. Florence Nightingale , Health care , Hospital 1209 Words | 3 Pages.

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her obligations of employment. Working extra shifts, teaching, and membership in tesco aims essay NAPNES are personal values, not accountability. 4. The LPN reminds a . group of students that the iraq essay values they demonstrate in their practice have their roots in: 1. nursing school education. Phd Dissertation Findings Chapter! 2. family influence. 3. peer relationships.

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Florence Nightingale , Health care , Health care provider 1122 Words | 4 Pages. ? The Education of war in iraq Nursing Grand Canyon University: NRS-430V Healthcare is an ever evolving . machine, zealously seeking to cure those sickness and diseases that plague the human race. It is a machine with many essential parts that, without them, could not adequately function to writing fulfill its ultimate purpose. Essay! The field of nursing is one of those essential parts, and while its identity and importance in the healthcare field are ever becoming singularly more. Academic degree , Bachelor of extended definition Science in Nursing , Bachelor's degree 921 Words | 3 Pages.

Students in their first semester of year one, attached to the ward for 3 weeks. War In Iraq! • The skill that will be taught to them will be blood . pressure monitoring using a stethoscope and sphygmomanometer. Custom Essay! • Cork A (2007) suggest that nursing students should be using manual BP monitoring I l practice instead of depending on automated monitors• Learning takes place in iraq surgical ward and hospital’s stimulation lab. • The first debriefing session was conducted in stimulation lab. The. Blood pressure , Education , Hospital 716 Words | 3 Pages. Professionalism What is professionalism? The nursing profession began with a genuine desire to serve and care for others, combined with . Is Silver! compassion, commitment and iraq essay professionalism. Professionalism, as defined by action papers Webster’s Dictionary, is “the conduct, aims, or qualities that characterize or mark a profession or a professional person.” Professionalism is the competence or skill expected of iraq essay a professional. A professional is a person who engages in a specific occupation or activity.

A professional. Florence Nightingale , Management , Nurse 2238 Words | 6 Pages. Definition of Nursing Leslie Burgess Submitted to Sarah P. Combs PhD, MPH, RN in phd dissertation findings chapter partial fulfillment of NR444 Professional Role Development . Regis University February 1, 2012 Nurses have been described as “lacking professional commitment and motivation, low in war in iraq risk taking and change-making, having a ‘blue-collar mentality,’ being cautious and conservative, and suffering from lack of cohesiveness and collegiality” (as cited in Chandler, 1986, p.1). With this definition of what a nurse has. Bachelor of Science in Nursing , Nurse , Nursing 1609 Words | 5 Pages. Nursing as a Profession The Purpose of paper this paper is to war in iraq discuss whether nursing is a profession based on Pavalko’s . Aims Essay! eight dimensions describing a profession. Firstly, we must understand the definition of a profession before one can accurately judge the validation of the nursing profession. According to war in Webster dictionary, the definition of a profession is “a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long academic preparation” (Webster dictionary, 2008). The nursing profession. Bachelor of Science in essay Nursing , Diploma in Nursing , Health care 2108 Words | 7 Pages. Abstract: This paper explores the personal nursing philosophy I plan to convey in my nursing career.

I believe the nature of war in iraq essay . nursing is essay rooted in war in commitment to extended definition about public service and the undeniable desire to help those in need. Nursing is iraq essay more than treating an illness; rather it is english focused on delivering quality patient care that is individualized to the needs of each patient. My philosophy of iraq essay nursing incorporates the knowledge of medicine while combining it with relational, compassionate caring that. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1980 Words | 6 Pages. Nursing Ethics Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses (2008 Centennial Edition) Code of Ethics for speech but silence Registered Nurses The Canadian Nurses . Association’s Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses is iraq essay a statement of the ethical values of nurses and findings of nurses’ commitments to persons with health-care needs and war in essay persons receiving care. It is intended for nurses in all contexts and domains of nursing practice and at all levels of decision-making. It is developed by nurses for nurses and can assist nurses in. Business ethics , Ethics , Health 641 Words | 3 Pages. always be the right choices.

Students need to learn how to make their own choices. 3. Write 2 paragraphs, on how your choice now can affect the definition family rest of . your life. 4. Sign the iraq essay disclosure statement for aims and objectives following the rules. (Shows a decision and commitment to be responsible.) 5. Decisions and iraq You worksheet. 6. Interview your parents. Action Research English! What decisions did they have to essay make when they were your age? What were the consequences of those decisions. Speech But Silence! What would they change or keep the same? Have the. Decision making , Goal 1761 Words | 6 Pages.

RUNNING HEAD: DEFOFNURSING Definition of Nursing Mary Hays 2-8-2009 . Definition of Nursing One’s personal beliefs regarding the Nursing Profession will be examined in war in this Definition of Nursing paper. The major elements of nursing in our society today will be defined. Personal and professional values will be defined in elephant part through the war in iraq use of aims and objectives essay examples from personal clinical practice. A statement of how. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1473 Words | 5 Pages. positive attitude of iraq essay employees towards a new and improved system. An involved team in the creation of action research papers english a new process creates an iraq essay enhanced and professional . atmosphere for both employees and clients; improves quality care and phd dissertation findings generates dedication and essay commitment to a new and improved process. The creator of the chapter new process also has the opportunity to allow team members to war in clarify any misconceptions, suggestions and evaluate any other ideas which may be used during the pay for new system creation. That is, possible.

Flowchart , ISO 9000 , Management 2136 Words | 7 Pages. Sulotte Valcin Amilcar RN-BC, MSNed My Nursing Philosophy When I was growing up in Haiti, I have always had the desire to help, care, . and war in iraq essay advocate for others, but I never quite had the opportunity to do that until I moved to the United States and I become a nurse. Writing! My intuition to become a nurse began in 1992 when my daughter who was born with sickle cell anemia became very ill to war in the point that she was put on a voluntary comma for about a month. I remember renting the little mermaid movie. Florence Nightingale , Healthcare occupations , Nurse 1023 Words | 3 Pages. Nursing Code of Ethics Lisa Lang West Texas AM University NURS 4345 Professional Nursing Leadership/Management . Nursing Code of Ethics The focus of this paper is to discuss the Nursing Code of papers english Ethics. The purpose of this paper is to review the purpose, background, and iraq essay the importance of the Nursing Code of papers Ethics and war in essay evaluate how the Nursing Code of Ethics improves individual nursing practice.

Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary defines the Nursing Code of Ethics as, “A statement. Blood , Blood transfusion , Business ethics 1188 Words | 4 Pages. Peritoneal cavity at Dorland's Medical Dictionary Adzick, Scott; Thom, Spong, Brock, Burrows, et. Pay For Essay! al (17). A Randomized Trial of Prenatal versus Postnatal . Repair of Myelomeningocele. The New England Journal of Medicine 364 (11): 993-1004. The Nursing Profession: Therapeutic Positionsthenursingprofession.blogspot.com/2009/. /therapeutic-positions.html . Abdomen , Fowler's position , Friedrich Trendelenburg 1930 Words | 4 Pages.

? Is Nursing a Profession? What is a profession? According to one definition a profession is an essay occupation that is based on paper, a complex set . of skills and war in iraq knowledge that is is silver but silence is golden used in the service of others. War In Iraq! This definition also says that the members of this occupation abide by a code of ethics and commit themselves to competence, integrity, morality and many other qualities that promote public good (Cruess, Johnston, Cruess, 2004, p. Speech But Silence Essay! 74). War In Iraq! According to this very definition, nursing is research a professional. Academic degree , American Nurses Association , Ethics 1397 Words | 6 Pages.

2011 Intro to Nursing History of the Nursing Nursing has played a big role in war in iraq essay our past, present and will be in . the future. Do we even know what nursing really is? Many people have interpreted it as “white uniforms, nursing cap, needles and bedpans” (Pg. 32). A nurse is defined as someone that tends to the patient needs but also shows commitment , caring, and dedication. “During the early Christian era men and woman spread the philosophy of Christianity while providing nursing care to the ill”. American Red Cross , Clara Barton , Crimean War 816 Words | 3 Pages. 2010 IOM report on the future of nursing 1. Running Head: PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING PROFESSIONALS Professional . development of action papers english nursing professionals: 2010 IOM report on the future of nursing Awudu Braimah. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1378 Words | 4 Pages.

Lenininger and Watson in war in essay Nursing SUNY Empire State College July 14, 2013 As the healthcare system undergoes major transformations and the . Findings Chapter! role of the professional nurse is expanding, having a definition of the goals and responsibilities of a nurse relative to other professionals within the healthcare community is vital. Nursing theories establish the scope and the significance of essay a nurse’s role as a healthcare provider. They provide a universal description of nursing that can be applied to nurses. Culture , Health , Health care 909 Words | 5 Pages. Values and Philosophy of Nursing A nurse has to be able to integrate multiple aspects of care in order to build a healthy atmosphere fit for . their patients.

In order to do this, a nurse must have a strong understanding of their personal philosophy of action papers nursing will all metaparadigm components of person, environment, health and nursing . Without one of these, I believe a nurse will not be able to give their very best to their patient. According to EdD Anne Bishop (1997), nursing is “at all times an artful. Florence Nightingale , Health , Illness 900 Words | 3 Pages. Philosophy of Nursing : The Art and Science of Caring Stephanie Gray Jacksonville University Philosophy of Nursing : The Art . and Science of Caring According to iraq Chitty (2004), “Philosophies of phd dissertation findings nursing are statements of beliefs about nursing and expressions of values in nursing that are used as bases for thinking and activity” (p. 230). Developing a personal philosophy of nursing must integrate the elements of nursing , the individual, the environment, health, and illness. Throughout this paper. Florence Nightingale , Health , Health care 1267 Words | 4 Pages. The Nursing Role Going the Distance in Nursing Education In the dynamic world of increasing health care technology, . specialized care units, and higher acuity patients, the nursing profession must upgrade its currently accepted Associate’s entry level degree to a higher beginning educational level in order to meet the war in needs and demands of today’s sicker clients.

Although the National League for Nursing (NLN) has stated Associate degree nursing programs account for the majority of new graduate. Academic degree , Associate's degree , Bachelor of Science in Nursing 755 Words | 3 Pages. the professional of nursing has various levels of entry. Several nursing professional organizations are trying to advance the . level of entry of nursing through baccalaureate level. A baccalaureate education has a strong influence in the nursing profession. It provides nurses with critical thinking skills and professional advancement. Numerous states have proposed legislation to consent accomplishment of baccalaureate education with the nursing profession. Extended Definition Essay Family! What does nursing professionalism mean. Academic degree , Associate's degree , Bachelor of war in Science in Nursing 1610 Words | 5 Pages. Nursing leadership is essential in the clinical settings.

It plays a big role in the development of the nurses as an individual and as a . profession. With nursing leadership, management skills are beneficial; nurse leaders are accountable in findings empowering, influencing, motivating and essay advocating for the nursing staff and patients. There is a common denomination between the nursing staff providing nursing care in patient satisfaction as an effect on clinical outcome with the nursing leadership. Findings Chapter! In this. Florence Nightingale , Leadership , Management 1817 Words | 5 Pages.

Roseman University College of Nursing Block 1.0 Introduction to Professional Nursing THE PROFESSIONALIZATION OF . NURSING Review the Critical Thinking Challenge. Professions usually evolve from occupations that originally consisted of tasks but developed more specialized educational pathways and publicly legitimized status. Occupation: What occupies, or engages one’s time; business; employment. Vocation: An activity that serves as one's regular source of livelihood. Profession: A calling. Education , Knowledge , Nurse 2045 Words | 7 Pages. ? Philosophy of Nursing paper February, 10, 2014 As a nurse in war in iraq essay a long term acute care hospital (LTAC). A . person to me is an individual, families, and findings communities in all ages and war in backgrounds that are in need of nursing care. A person is a sick patient in the hospital in need of nursing care to essay about promote healing and maintain health. The patients are surrounded by their environment, internal and external.

Internal environment is their biophysiological self and their. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1285 Words | 4 Pages. Nursing stabilizes its own unique body of knowledge and forms its own leadership organizational structure. One of the iraq essay key aims of . nursing leadership is to create empowerment amongst nurses. Pay For Custom! From the transition of iraq non-modern to papers english contemporary nursing , the war in iraq essay new context of nursing leadership and management has emerged. However, an important question rises on how significant, relevant and efficient leadership is on both patient and nursing staff outcomes. Nowadays, staff nurses face a wide variety of. Florence Nightingale , Health care , Health care provider 1646 Words | 5 Pages. personal philosophy of nursing . I will discuss how my philosophy relates to the nursing profession, healthcare and five central . concepts basic to good nursing care. As a nurse it is and objectives important to define personal philosophies, I believe they are the driving force of patient care and how we perceive the healthcare environment that we work in every day. It is what makes us who we are and determines how we care for our patients.

This is extremely important to me because I practice nursing with the iraq understanding. Ethics , Health , Health care 1173 Words | 3 Pages. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nursing_ethicsThe nature of nursing means that nursing ethics tends to examine the ethics of caring . rather than 'curing' by exploring the relationship between the nurse and the person in elephant writing care.[1]Early work to define ethics in nursing focused more on the virtues that would make a good nurse, rather than looking at what conduct is necessary to iraq essay respect the person in the nurse's care. However, recently, the and objectives essay ethics of nursing has also shifted more towards the nurse's obligation. Applied ethics , Bioethics , Business ethics 1126 Words | 3 Pages.