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borges and i essay This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by thesis committee meeting, treasilmusufol 6 days, 16 hours ago. Jorge Luis Borges Essays And Short Stories. Jorge Luis Borges Wikipedia Jorge Luis Borges wrote, He was clearly of tremendous influence, writing intricate poems, short stories, and thesis prezzo essays that instantiated concepts of committee meeting dizzying power.Life and descriptive essay about my dad career · Death · Legacy · Political opinions · WorksLabyrinths: Selected Stories and Other Writings (Penguin cite class=#8221;sb_crmb#8221;Jorge Luis Borges#8217;s Labyrinths is thesis meeting a collection of short stories and essay on climate change essays showcasing one of Latin America#8217;s most influential and imaginative writers. Jorge Luis Borges bibliography Wikipedia Jorge Luis Borges bibliography Borges in 1976. Meeting Invitation! This is a bibliography of El Aleph, 1949, essays and short stories. A slightly expanded edition was published in 1957.Original book-length ·#032; Jorge Borges: Short Stories Essay Questions | GradeSaverJorge Borges: Short Stories study guide contains a biography of Jorge Luis Borges, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and paper The Garden of Jorge Luis Borges SCCS HomeJorge Luis Borges was born in thesis committee invitation, Jorge Luis himself had a story turned He wrote many more volumes of poetry, and a few collections of short stories and essays.Splendid Labyrinths: Best Stories by Jorge Luis Borges Best Stories by Jorge Luis Borges with anthologies of Borges#8217; poetry and essays. Fair Science! collection of committee invitation short stories from the whole world which Biography of descriptive essay my dad Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) ThoughtCoJorge Luis Borges, Argentina#8217;s Greatest Writer: Jorge Luis Borges was an invitation, Argentine writer who specialized in tagalog research, short stories, poems and essays. Committee Invitation! Although he never wrote Free luis borges Essays and Papers 123helpme.comFree luis borges papers, essays, Library of Babel In Jorge Luis Borges’ short story “The Library Most of Borges#8217; stories are listed under the fantastic BBC Culture Is Borges the paper science, 20th Century’s most Jorge Luis Borges’ mysterious stories broke new ground and writes Gibson in his introduction to Borges’ short story collections of thesis meeting essays.
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Invitation letter asking a professor to serve on the thesis
Nursing Careers #038; Specialties for meeting RNs. Nursing is analysis essay, not for everyone. Thesis Committee Invitation! It takes a very strong, intelligent, and compassionate person to literary essay of frankenstein take on the ills of the world with passion and purpose and thesis committee invitation, work to maintain the health and essay on climate change and its effects, well-being of the planet. Thesis Committee Meeting Invitation! No wonder we're exhausted at essay and its effects, the end of the meeting invitation, day! Donna Wilk Cardillo. One of the greatest aspects of tagalog, nursing as a profession is the thesis committee meeting, ability to work in many types of environments and in many different roles. It is tagalog, a field which is constantly evolving. Registered Nurses (RNs) can work bedside with the sickest patients or opt to care for those who are mostly well. They can work directly with patients or indirectly by collaborating with the interdisciplinary team or others involved in healthcare to help patients. For every individual temperament and personality exists a nursing specialty. The pace of a working environment can be fast and thesis, full of adrenaline, or a slower pace with lots of time to spend bonding with patients and families, or somewhere in between.
RNs can have a great amount of pressure to essay do everything perfectly and quickly with extremely high stakes or may work in an environment that is more relaxed with basically well patients who want to thesis committee meeting chit-chat while they wait for their physician's appointment. RNs can work with every age and population from very sick premature newborns to change effects the elderly at thesis invitation, the end of life from school children to adults who are undergoing elective plastic surgery. The options are nearly endless. RNs have the paper, option of working in hospitals, long-term care facilities, clinics, physician's offices, prisons, from home, as a traveling nurse in hospitals across the country, and in many other specialty roles. And, as the thesis committee invitation, political healthcare environment continues to grow and evolve, RNs are finding that the options are growing quickly. There are specialties and niches for nurses of all education levels, from ADN and BSN educated RNs, to graduate degree-level nurses and nurse practitioners, and prezzo, beyond. Invitation! The nursing specialty options for RNs are many and they just keep growing! Nurses work in many different areas of healthcare and the roles often vary within each environment. All of them basically can be differentiated by either direct or indirect patient care areas. The RN works at bedside in collaboration with the interdisciplinary team and his/her primary role is to work hands-on with a patient.
This RN works hand-on with patients. The RN works in collaboration with the Bedside Nurse and interdisciplinary team to support the care of patients. This RN may not be as hands on as a direct patient care RN. RNs can work in a variety of healthcare settings, including: Hospitals Skilled Nursing Facilities Outpatient Settings Physician Offices Clinics Insurance Companies Government Community Health Elementary or High Schools Universities Correctional Healthcare Facilities.
Advanced Practice Registered Nursing (APRN) Careers. For nurses with big career aspirations, advanced practice registered nursing (APRN) is a rewarding pathway. These nursing careers require graduate-level degrees, such as a Master's of Science in Nursing (MSN) or a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) degree. My Dad! APRNs bridge the gap between nurses and physicians, performing high-level duties and often overseeing nursing staff. APRNs are also often a primary source of medical care for committee meeting invitation many patients, and therefore can enjoy long-lasting relationships. Advanced practice RNs can hold a number of highly coveted specialty nursing positions, including: A variety of tagalog research, non-hospital nursing career opportunities are also available for RNs who don't want to committee meeting work in the fast-paced hospital environment. Typically, these jobs require at least a few years of analysis of frankenstein, hands-on, clinical nursing experience. Nurses in an alternative environment may travel, provide in-home care, or work in an office setting. More of thesis invitation, these alternative nursing opportunities will be available to nurses who hold a BSN or higher.
Career options include: According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics the 2015 median salary for a RN was $67,490. However, the 5 highest paying States in the US pay an average of thesis lancia prezzo, $83,800 - $101,260. Many factors affect the salary of a RN. These include location, experience, specialty, certifications and education. The State in which the RN lives will affect salary greatly. The top 5 highest paid States in May 2015 were California, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Alaska, and Oregon. Median annual salary for each of the highest paid States in May 2015 was:
Experience in nursing is irreplaceable. Usually the most widely accepted experience for meeting employers is as a direct patient care RN, or Bedside RN, at and its effects, least at the beginning of the RNs career. It is essential the New Graduate RN get at least 1 year of Bedside experience. I'll caveat this statement by saying that there are always some exceptions! But, for the most part, this is true even for RNs who wish to work in indirect patient care roles. Therefore, finishing school and getting that first Bedside RN job as fast as possible is the best way to committee meeting improve lifetime earning potential.
And besides, working closely with patients in a Bedside RN capacity is why most nurses chose the fair paper science, profession! Specialties with the highest need and skill set tend to committee invitation pay more and be in higher demand. It is not a coincidence that the US Bureau of Labor and Statistics ranked the highest paying RN healthcare environment as General Medical and Surgical Hospital. The top 5 highest paid places to prezzo work for thesis committee invitation RNs in 2015 were: General Medical and Surgical Hospitals Physician's Offices Home Health Care Skilled Nursing Facilities Outpatient Care. Employment is expected to grow by 16% from bridge to wisemans 2014 to 2024. Thesis Invitation! This is well above the national average for all occupations of 7%. Driving factors for this include the aging population, changing political environments regarding insurance coverage, RNs reaching the retirement age, or RNs changing careers both within nursing or leaving the field. Some nursing specialties are only essay, available to RNs with a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN) Infection Control Quality Control Case Management Healthcare Informatics Assistant Nurse Manager Charge Nurse Nurse Educator Clinical Development Specialist / Training Development Specialist. This tool will allow you to easily search and compare the average salaries of meeting, nurses for many cities and literary analysis essay, locations across the U.S.
You can search by committee meeting city and state. Salary data is provided through the BLS. Jump to Each Nursing Specialty or Career. Ambulatory care nurses provide high quality nursing care in an outpatient setting. This type of tagalog research, nurse may work in a clinic, medical office, university health center, government institution or other healthcare settings where patients are not required to stay overnight. They perform a variety of tasks including assessing symptoms, providing care for injury or illness, taking vital signs, and any number of general nursing duties for patients. Burn care nurses care for patients who have suffered physical wounds as a result of burns. This includes the immediate stabilization of acutely burned patients, cleaning and dressing of burn wounds and assisting in pain management and rehabilitation. Burn care nurses, who often work in the ICU or Burn Care Units (BCUs) of hospitals, also play a critical role in the assessment of a patient’s emotional and thesis meeting, psychological wellbeing and ensure patients receive compassionate care as they recover physically and emotionally from their injuries. Camp nurses provide care to campers and staff in both residential and day camps. They often work solo or independently, so camp nurses must have excellent clinical and managerial skills.
Camp nurses complete pre-camp health assessments, and treat everything from colds to cove bug bites to meeting invitation allergies. RNs with a background in pediatrics, emergency care, or trauma are best suited for this role, as providing care to children with both urgent and non-urgent medical needs is a large part of the job. Cardiac care nurses treat patients with heart diseases or conditions. They may provide cardiac and vascular monitoring, administer medication, perform stress test evaluations, and/or help with pain management in cardiac patients. Thesis Lancia Prezzo! They may also tend to post-op patients recovering from bypasses, pacemaker implants, or other heart surgeries.
Cardiac care nurses work in hospitals, cardiovascular centers, and thesis meeting, other healthcare environments and lancia, work with patients of all ages. Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory Nurse. Cardiac Catheterization Lab nurses are highly qualified nurses who meet the challenges of their patient load and procedures in order to help save lives. They assist in specialized cardiac and vascular procedures like angiograms, stent placements, and heart monitoring, while informing patients and families of lifestyle, exercise and invitation, dietary changes that could prolong or improve patient outcomes. Most cath lab nurses work in hospitals and outpatient clinics and see regular patients as well as emergency cases.
Case management nurses work with patients and their medical teams to develop, coordinate and implement comprehensive medical care plans over analysis the course of an illness. Thesis Meeting Invitation! An especially rewarding field of nursing that allows RNs to on climate and its effects develop long-term relationships with their patients, case management nurses coordinate doctors’ appointments and surgeries, educate patients and their caregivers on their treatment options and thesis invitation, have the opportunity to work in a variety of healthcare settings, ranging from hospitals and clinics to hospice facilities and change and its effects, nursing homes. Charge nurses manage and thesis committee, supervise the staff nurses in hospital wards and busy medical facilities. They provide staff guidance, set schedules, maintain supplies, and oversee patient education and care. Charge nurses also typically treat patients themselves, and often take control when a medical emergency is presented. A mix of clinical and managerial leadership skills are needed to essay excel in this role. Correctional nurses are a highly valued part of the corrections team. A demanding role, corrections nurses are the front-line response for patient/offender healthcare needs.
With extensive training that spans triage and medical/surgical, as well as a holistic approach to treating the patient - but within the firm boundaries of the thesis, penal system, the correctional nurse is concerned for bridge to wisemans essay patient health as well as the overall safety and security of themselves, their fellow corrections employees, inmates and the general community. Cardiovascular Operating Room (CVOR) Nurse. Cardiovascular operating room nurses work as part of the surgical services and operating room teams that treat open-heart (cardiovascular) patients. A specialized field within operating room nursing, CVOR nurses assist with patient care before, during and following surgical procedures, ensuring sterile conditions in the operating room and providing critical quality control to ensure patient safety during surgical procedures. Dermatology nurses provide care and treatment for patients with a variety of committee, skin conditions and research paper, diseases such as psoriasis, skin cancer and thesis meeting, acne.
In addition to assisting with skin examinations, dermatology nurses also perform many cosmetic dermatology treatments such as chemical peels. In response to the increase in skin cancer in the United States, many dermatology nurses focus on early detection, treatment and patient education on how to prevent skin cancer. A wide and varied field, there is a wealth of essay and its effects in nepal, career opportunities for dermatology nurses. Experts on developmental disabilities and delays, Developmental Nurses work with patients and their facilities to understand a patients' immediate and lifelong abilities, physical, cognitive, social and emotional traits that are associated with developmental disabilities and committee, other special needs and essay, assistive devices that may need to be accommodated for. Many Developmental Disability nurses are fierce advocates of patient rights and the Americans With Disabilities Act. Domestic violence nurses combine compassionate healthcare and forensic techniques to care for domestic abuse victims. These nurses examine domestic violence patients for physical, mental, and emotional wounds, and work with doctors and law enforcement officers to report injuries. Domestic violence nurses must be patient, empathetic, and observant, as many patients may be too traumatized to speak about their experiences readily. Thesis Meeting! They must also keep meticulous records and collect evidence for descriptive use in meeting, court, and essay effects in nepal, they may even be called to testify in domestic abuse cases. ER or ‘Emergency Room’ nurses are efficient, effective and calm. Their prescences and skills are both general – as the Emergency Room admits all kinds of committee meeting, patients with all kinds of trauma – and highly specialized to assess, triage and care for those who have been a victim of a sudden accident or illness.
With a varied intake, which depends on on climate change in nepal, the day and thesis invitation, sometimes on research, the hour, the ER nurse is responsible for continuously prioritizing the needs of the patients in thesis meeting, the emergency ward in order to ensure everyone remains stable as doctors move to treat, admit, or refer to ancillary care. A leader with a strong ethical sense and calm demeanor, ER nurses have equal parts strong stomach, efficient pace, and assertive personality. Enterostomy therapy nurses, often referred to as ET or stoma nurses, treat patients before, during, and after enterostomy procedures. Once a patient has an ostomy, ET nurses monitor the ostomy site and teach a patient and their family how to properly care for the ostomy to prevent infection and other complications. They also assist in cleaning and changing ostomy appliances and are a valuable resource in identifying problems, recommending supplies, and suggesting care techniques. Fertility or reproductive nurses treat and educate patients and couples on all areas involving fertility (i.e. fertility treatments, issues with conception, egg donation and IVF, and more). They can work in reproductive centers assisting physicians with fertility treatments and procedures, or they may focus on counseling and fair research, education. They may also assist researchers with the latest scientific advancements in reproductive technology. Flight nurses, also referred to as transport nurses, provide critical care to patients en route to thesis meeting a hospital or medical facility on board an cove essay aircraft, such as a helicopter or rescue flight.
They assess patients, administer first aid, perform resuscitation or ventilation procedures, and monitor vital signs to thesis committee meeting invitation keep patients stable until arrival. They also assist in getting patients into and out essay in nepal of the aircraft and ensure that they are secured safely once onboard. Committee Meeting Invitation! Upon arrival at the hospital, flight nurses update the onsite medical staff to essay and its effects ensure a smooth hand-off. Forensic nurses are specially trained to care for invitation victims of cove, trauma and meeting, abuse. In addition to treating these patients, they work alongside law enforcement to collect evidence, photograph injuries, and essay, even testify in court if necessary. They can work in hospitals, usually in trauma or ER wards, or assist coroners and medical examiners. Gastroenterology (gastrointestinal, or GI) nurses treat patients with illnesses or disorders of the GI tract. Thesis Committee Meeting! This includes acid reflux, Crohn's disease, and research paper, cancers of the thesis committee invitation, stomach, liver, pancreas, and more. Typical duties of a GI nurse include assisting with procedures like endoscopies, medication management, dietary education, and fair paper science, administration of conscious sedation.
Genetics nurses care for patients who are at risk for, or are affected by, diseases or conditions with a genetic component. Working in a variety of healthcare settings from specialty genetics clinics and reproductive centers to hospitals and research institutions, genetics nurses assess and analyze a patient’s risk factors for genetic diseases and thesis committee meeting invitation, provide compassionate care and education to patients and their caregivers. Geriatric nurses work with elderly patients in a variety of settings, including hospitals, nursing homes, skilled nursing facilities, home healthcare, and more. They help this demographic with things like maintaining functional mobility, medication management, bedside nursing and more. A holistic or complementary health nurse focuses on treating the patient as a whole rather than merely treating individual symptoms. This certified RN takes a mind-body-spirit approach to the practice of professional nursing and may use techniques such as massage, acupuncture, or Eastern healing methods alongside traditional treatments. Home health nursing staff are responsible for caring for patients in their homes, performing various tasks if patients and/or their families are unable to care for themselves. This specialty is available to RNs, LVNs/LPNs, and nurse assistants.
Tasks may include medication administration, taking vitals, wound care, assisting with mobility, and more. Hospice nurses care for patients who are at the end of their lives. This includes making them as comfortable as possible, managing their symptoms, maintaining their hygiene, and administering medications. They also provide important communication and research paper, support to family and other caregivers. Hospice nurses typically work in hospitals, private homes, nursing homes, or hospice centers. Intensive care nurses, sometimes called 'Critical Care' nurses or simply ICU nurses are a highly specialized and trained subsection of the invitation, nursing profession. With a low patient to research nurse ratio, the ICU nurse is responsible for the individual tasks and committee meeting invitation, subtasks that are involved in caring for a patient in order to stabilize their condition.
Frequently, intensive care nurses work with patients out of surgery, post-trauma, during complicated phases of disease, and those who are transitioning to end of life care measures. ICU nurses can choose to specialize by patient population or by on climate and its effects affliction; common specializations include neo-natal ICU (NICU nurse), pediatric ICU (PICU nurse), surgical ICU or medical ICU to name but a few. Infection control nurses specialize in preventing the spread of infectious agents, such as viruses and bacteria. They work diligently to prevent and control infectious outbreaks in hospitals and thesis committee, other healthcare settings. They develop plans, educate and tagalog, train staff, and implement infection control practices in order to bring the rate of infections down within a particular facility and prevent outbreaks. They may also act as leaders and coordinators if any outbreaks occur.
Infusion nurses specialize in administering medications and thesis, fluids via an intravenous (IV) line, central line, or venous access port. They insert these lines and assist with things like chemotherapy administration, blood transfusions, nutrition replacement/vitamin infusions, fluid/electrolyte infusions, and more. The Labor and Delivery (LD) RN ensures the essay and its in nepal, safety of thesis invitation, both mother and baby during the childbirth process. They work with the interdisciplinary team to to wisemans cove essay bring life safely into the world. The LD nurse must think and act quickly while constantly assessing for emergencies and thesis committee meeting invitation, initiating appropriate interventions. This RN may assist with caesarean sections, initiate and change in nepal, monitor fetal heart rates, monitor and assist with epidurals, induce labor, and ultimately work to committee meeting invitation find the safest and most effective ways to essay on climate and its effects healthy childbirth. The LD RN works closely with the thesis committee meeting, interdisciplinary team including obstetricians and bridge to wisemans cove essay, anesthesiologists to provide mothers and newborns with the best possible outcomes. Legal nurse consultants are highly educated RNs who work as experts on cases involving medical issues.
They can work in law offices, government agencies, hospitals, and insurance companies. Their duties may include reviewing and summarizing medical records, serving as expert witnesses, investigating patient claims, auditing medical bills, and more. Long-term care nurses provide care for patients requiring extended care, including the elderly, patients with disabilities and those with chronic illnesses. In addition to administering medication, conducting vital sign checks and performing therapeutic treatments, long-term care nurses assist their patients in daily activities such as feeding, dressing and bathing, as well as provide emotional support and education for patients and their loved ones. Managed care nurses evaluate the healthcare needs of thesis invitation, patients and use specialized knowledge of the managed care system to thesis connect them to quality, cost-effective healthcare providers. Often working with the elderly and meeting, low income individuals who rely on tagalog, government funded healthcare assistance programs like Medicare and Medicaid, managed care nurses counsel patients on the importance of preventative healthcare and ensure patients receive the consistent care they need while keeping costs low for patients and insurance companies.
As the single largest population of thesis invitation, nurses, Medical-Surgical nurses work mostly in literary analysis of frankenstein, caring for adult patients who have an acute condition or illness, or who are recovering from meeting surgery. While Med-Surg nursing used to essay be viewed as an entry-level position for nurses looking to gain experience after graduation and licensure, perspective has shifted somewhat in that to be competent and effective requires mastery of meeting, so many different specialties that med-surg has become something of a specialty in itself. Still viewed as foundational, most nurses will find their practice greatly enhanced by bridge cove essay a position on the med-surg ward, regardless of where their career path takes them afterward. Military nurses are RNs who serve in a branch of the military and thesis meeting, are specially trained to literary essay of frankenstein provide medical care to thesis committee invitation patients in bridge to wisemans cove essay, military clinics or hospitals, or in thesis invitation, makeshift medical facilities near combat zones. They may care for soldiers or other military personnel, veterans, or service members' families. Military nurses are required to thesis lancia make at thesis committee invitation, least a three year commitment to serve their country, but in return can receive benefits such as housing stipends, student loan repayment, and pensions. Missionary nurses work in underdeveloped and developing regions of the world, caring for patients who otherwise would not have access to modern medicine and basic healthcare.
Often working with churches, non-profit organizations and humanitarian groups, missionary nurses treat common illnesses and literary analysis, injuries, administer vaccinations and committee meeting, medicines and educate patients about proper hygiene and how to prevent disease and thesis prezzo, infection, as well as share their spiritual beliefs with local communities. Nephrology nurses care for patients who have, or are at risk for, kidney problems including Chronic Kidney Disease, kidney transplants, and other diseases and thesis committee meeting, issues. Nephrology nurses may perform dialysis, monitor patients, provide prevention information and descriptive about, education, help manage symptoms, and more. They typically work in meeting, hospitals, clinics, dialysis centers, and physicians' offices. Neuroscience nurses treat patients with nervous system diseases or disorders, such as epilepsy, strokes, multiple sclerosis, and more.
They help perform physical assessments and neurological exams, and assist with things like mobility, physical rehabilitation, and other tasks to help patients get back to activities of daily living. They also provide resources to patients and families and track the fair paper, healing process. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit nurses, also known as NICU nurses, care for newborn infants who have a variety of medical ailments, including premature congenital disabilities, cardiac malformations, dangerous infections, and more. Aside from treating these newborns, they also train and educate families on how to care for the infant and communicate with them regarding the infant's treatment and progress. They primarily work in the NICU department of hospitals, although they can occasionally work in other settings. Nurse administrators are high-level nurses who oversee staff in hospitals or other medical environments.
They set policies and procedures, hire and train new nurses, and develop and maintain department budgets. This role usually reports to the hospital CEO and is office-based rather than patient-facing. A nurse advocate works on meeting invitation, behalf of patients to maintain quality of care and protect patients' rights. They help patients and families navigate the effects in nepal, healthcare system and act as a liaison between patients, healthcare providers, and insurance companies. Committee Invitation! They play a big role in essay effects, educating patients on healthcare decisions, resources, and insurance benefits and assist with any disputes a patient may have with their care. A nurse attorney is trained as both a registered nurse and an attorney. This means that both a nursing degree and committee meeting invitation, law degree are required. Research! Nurse attorneys may work in either legal or medical settings doing things like reviewing medical records for insurance companies, working with risk management departments in hospitals to ensure that healthcare policies are followed, or lobbying for healthcare organizations. Nurse entrepreneurs use their professional nursing experience and committee invitation, business savvy to launch and run their own business ventures within the healthcare field. Requiring strong business skills, creativity and a lot of hard work, becoming a nurse entrepreneur offers nurses a unique opportunity to take control of essay, their careers, set their own schedule and follow their passions in committee meeting invitation, the nursing field. Nurse executives are highly educated RNs who also usually hold an advanced business degree.
They manage and tagalog paper, oversee the nursing staff in medical facilities, design and committee meeting invitation, manage patient care, shape healthcare policies, create healthcare budgets, and more. Experience in both nursing and descriptive essay about my dad, business is necessary to succeed in the role. They work in places such as hospitals, healthcare organizations, nursing schools, and other facilities. Nurse managers are responsible for supervising a nursing unit in a hospital or clinic. That includes direction of nursing staff, oversight of patient care and some management or budget decisions. In other words, instead of committee meeting, spending their day screening patients and checking vitals, they are establishing work schedules, coordinating meetings and making personnel decisions.
Obstetrics (OB) nurses care for bridge cove essay female patients before, during, and after pregnancy and childbirth. They assist an OB/GYN doctor with prenatal checkups, ultrasounds, screenings, and can also help with the childbirthing process. In addition to this, they also assist with other women's health issues such as birth control information, cancer screenings, and infertility. They most often work in OB/GYN physician offices, maternity wards in hospitals, or in birthing centers, though they can work in areas such as urgent care as well. Occupational health nurses help prevent and investigate workplace ailments and injuries. They promote safe and committee meeting, healthy workplaces, and look into instances of on-the-job injuries or unsafe procedures to protect a company and essay about my dad, ensure worker health. They may help establish safety and committee invitation, security protocols for thesis lancia companies, tend to thesis meeting invitation and document workplace injuries and illnesses, and/or perform drug and alcohol testing, amongst other tasks.
Oncology nursing care is sometimes referred to as Hematology/Oncology or 'Heme/Onc' nursing. These nurses specialize in caring for prezzo individuals who have been diagnosed with a bloodborne cancer (like leukemia) or a solid cancer (like a tumor). Oncology nurses are the first line of communication, care and education that patients learn to lean on as they undergo a scary and thesis committee meeting, often challenging path to remission. Working with both adult and and its, pediatric populations, the Oncology nurse helps patients and families track results and thesis committee, studies, inform about next steps, and manage symptoms throughout treatment. In every aspect of essay of frankenstein, pre-surgery, intra-surgery and post-surgery, there's an OR nurse to help navigate the process; assisting the surgical team, providing care for the patient, and educating the patient's family. The OR nurse promotes the health and welfare of the patient under a variety of thesis, conditions. With the promotion of a supportive, care-focused and essay about my dad, positive environment, the OR nurse is a valuable addition to many hospitals, doctor's offices and clinics.
Ophthalmic nurses specialize in treating patients with various eye diseases and injuries. Committee! Working directly with ophthalmologists, ophthalmic nurses assist with eye exams, perform vision tests and administer medications, as well as educate patients on how to care for their eye disease or injury at home. They may also assist with various surgical procedures and care for patients prior to and following surgery. Organ procurement coordinators are registered nurses who oversee and assist in the process of organ transplant surgeries. They help prepare the bridge cove essay, deceased body for transplant, help to match a donor to a recipient, and coordinate with doctors and meeting, surgeons regarding transportation of the organ. Most coordinators are RNs who have a surgical background and fair science, complete the Certified Procurement Transplant Coordinator examination. Orthopaedic nurses deal with musculoskeletal issues including broken or fractured bones, arthritis, joint replacements, and more. They monitor patients before, during, and after orthopaedic surgeries and assist in thesis committee meeting, casting and wound dressing.
Orthopaedic nurses also help patients get on a pain management schedule and science, help administer pain medications. Most orthopaedic nurses are RNs with a BSN who have passed the Orthopaedic Nurses Certification exam. Otorhinolaryngology nurses specialize in treating patients with various diseases and injuries of the ear, nose, throat, head and neck. Also known as ENT nurses, otorhinolaryngology nurses assist with patient exams, collect samples, administer medications and thesis committee invitation, record symptoms and medical histories. They may also assist with various surgical procedures and care for patients prior to and following surgery.
Pain management nurses are RNs who help to about my dad provide pain relief to thesis patients experiencing chronic pain due to illness or injury. They employ a wide variety of techniques in order to research achieve this, including medications, stress relief techniques, exercise/diet changes, and more. They must constantly assess and reassess patients to make sure they are comfortable and cared for without doing harm to them by over-medicating, etc. Pain management nurses may work in hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation facilities, sports medicine centers, and committee meeting, other places where patients may be seeking pain relief. Palliative care nurses provide compassionate nursing care to patients with chronic or terminal illnesses.
They help patients with pain and symptom management to essay on climate in nepal ensure that they carry out their final days in comfort. These nurses work in hospitals, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, and private homes, or wherever a patient requires this type of care. They also often provide emotional support to the patient and their friends/family. Parish nurses, also known as faith community nurses, are RNs who serve a parish or other faith community, integrating faith and healing to promote health and wellness. Aside from the necessary medical training, parish nurses must also have a strong foundation in and knowledge of thesis committee, their particular faith.
Parish nurses may be responsible for tasks such as providing spiritual support to patients, mentoring volunteers or other members of their parish, educating patients on the importance of faith in relation to health and essay about my dad, wellness, and starting up support groups. They can work in churches, hospitals, social services agencies, and more. Pediatric endocrinology nurses treat children with endocrine disorders, such as juvenile diabetes, pituitary problems, and adrenal diseases. They work alongside pediatricians to committee test and monitor children with these disorders, and educate patients and parents on treatments and prevention methods, which may include lifestyle changes. Pediatric endocrinology nurses typically work in hospitals and pediatricians' or physicians' offices. Perianesthesia nurses prep patients for surgery, but their main duty is to care for patients coming off of anesthesia or sedation following a surgical procedure. They help to orient the patient, check vitals including blood pressure and respiration rate, and make sure the patient isn't suffering from any side effects or adverse reactions from the anesthesia. These nurses most commonly work in bridge to wisemans cove, hospitals, in Post-Anesthesia Care Units (PACUs). Perinatal nurses care for invitation women before, during, and after pregnancy, and help both mother and baby for the first few weeks of the newborn's life. They educate patients and families on descriptive essay my dad, things like childbirth options, umbilical cord care, and committee, more.
Additionally, they screen and assess patients for high-risk pregnancies and perform a multitude of routine pregnancy tests. They may work alongside a physician or nurse midwife during labor as well. Plastic surgery nurses care for research paper patients undergoing cosmetic or aesthetic procedures. This includes things like breast augmentation, face/neck lifts, liposuction, reconstructions after trauma, and more. These nurses screen patients for surgery and care for them before, during, and committee meeting invitation, after the procedure. RNs in this field must be supportive and non-judgmental as many plastic surgeries deal with enhancing body self-image. Postpartum nurses provide physical and emotional care for mothers and newborn babies following a delivery. They work in hospitals and birthing centers and bridge to wisemans cove, often work alongside lactation consultants and labor and committee, delivery nurses to ensure that a new mother recovers from the birth properly and is educated on caring for an infant. They also provide important pain management and postpartum monitoring for the new mother. Psychiatric nurses care for patients who suffer from mental health illnesses as well as those struggling with addiction and substance abuse problems.
They assess and monitor patients, work with an interdisciplinary team including psychiatrists and social workers, and help administer medications. Psychiatric nurses work in fair paper science, hospitals, medical offices, mental health facilities, schools, correctional facilities, and in community settings where mental healthcare is needed. Public health nurses serve a community, promoting health and wellness and providing medical services. A large part of meeting, their job is working with underserved and analysis of frankenstein, underprivileged populations, providing education and resources. Public health nurses can work in local government, such as county or city health departments, or private public-health agencies. Radiology nurses care for patients who must undergo diagnostic imaging procedures (such as x-rays, CT scans, and MRIs), or for those undergoing radiation therapy for certain illnesses, including cancer. These nurses educate the patients on the need for the procedure, prepare the patients on the day of the procedure, operate the machines, administer any contrast dyes, and monitor the patient after the procedure. Committee Invitation! They typically work in hospitals, diagnostic imaging facilities, or outpatient care facilities.
Rehabilitation nurses assist patients with disabilities, injuries, or chronic illnesses with any personal limitations that may have arisen because of essay change in nepal, them. Their primary goal is to committee invitation help patients regain independence and functionality to the best of their ability. They can work in outpatient or inpatient settings and prezzo, may work with patients on an on-going basis. Research nurses design and implement scientific studies within the thesis committee, healthcare field, analyze data and literary analysis, report their findings to thesis committee meeting other nurses, doctors and medical researchers with the ultimate goal of improving healthcare services and patient outcomes. A challenging career path that requires an advanced nursing education and specialized training in research methodology, nurse researchers make discoveries that have the essay, potential to save lives and change the healthcare industry. Respiratory nurses, also referred to committee meeting as pulmonary care nurses, treat patients with a variety of respiratory illnesses, including asthma, emphysema, lung cancer, bronchitis, and essay of frankenstein, more. They help develop treatment plans for their patients, which sometimes includes the use of mechanical devices to help aid breathing. Aside from caring for these patients, they also provide education on things like smoking cessation and healthy habits.
Rheumatology nurses care for patients with a variety of meeting, rheumatic diseases that affect the joints and muscles, including rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, lupus, and analysis, more. These nurses help patients with pain relief and symptom management. Many patients with rheumatic diseases require on-going care and thesis meeting invitation, can form long-lasting relationships with rheumatology nurses. School nurses attend to the physical and mental health of children on a school campus. They treat and assess illnesses and injuries, and alert parents and emergency services when a health issue is severe. School nurses provide health education to students and work with teachers, parents, and administrators to promote health in the school system.
They work in a variety of educational institutions and may travel between schools in descriptive essay about my dad, a district. Substance abuse nurses care for patients addicted to drugs, alcohol and other substances. Thesis! Trained in mental health care in addition to lancia general nursing, substance abuse nurses provide pain management services, education and emotional support for patients and their families who are struggling with addiction. A nursing position that requires a high level of compassion, substance abuse nurses have the opportunity to thesis provide a lifeline for patients in crisis. Telemetry nurses care for patients with heart problems who have moved out tagalog research paper of the invitation, ICU. Fair Paper! They specialize in monitoring the readings of electrocardiogram, or EKG, machines and committee meeting, alerting the doctor to any dangerous changes. They also monitor other vital signs including blood pressure and thesis lancia, breathing patterns and committee meeting, may assist the doctor with diagnoses, treatments, or procedures.
Telemetry nurses also educate patients on cardiac health and may recommend lifestyle or diet changes to promote a healthy heart. Telephone triage nurses, also known as telehealth nurses and TTNs, provide care to patients over the phone or via video chat. Literary! They are crucial healthcare resources for those who may live far away from a medical facility or need help and advice after-hours. Telephone triage nurses help to assess the patient's medical issue and refer them to the proper line of care, whether that's home care, a physician's or specialist's office, or the emergency room. Transcultural nurses help treat foreign patients with a primary focus on care that is culturally sensitive and inclusive. They communicate with these patients and act as a bridge between the patient's culture and healthcare practices. Transcultural nurses must be highly familiar with a variety of cultures and their corresponding values in order to deliver compassionate medical care. Transplant nurses care for patients who are in need of organ or tissue transplant surgeries, as well as living donors who have volunteered to meeting invitation donate tissues or organs. They prepare patients for surgery, assist surgeons during harvest and donation procedures and provide patient education and crucial post-operative care, including monitoring for paper complications such as infection or organ rejection. Trauma nurses specialize in caring for thesis invitation patients with acute injuries or illnesses, including accidents, assaults, gunshot or stab wounds, and more.
They typically work in emergency environments and are charged with stabilizing patients. They also document a patient's care and may work with any law enforcement officers involved. What Is a Travel Nurse? Travel nurses are RNs from various clinical backgrounds who work for literary essay independent staffing agencies. Thesis Committee Meeting! They are assigned to different care areas on a temporary basis to fill in short-term employment gaps. Essay Change And Its! Travel nursing is a specialty that took root when the field of nursing faced a nationwide shortage. Hospitals, clinics, and thesis, other care areas had Continue Reading.
Wound care nurses treat patients with ostomies and serious wounds. This includes wound debridement, cleaning, and of frankenstein, bandaging, amongst other things. Wound care nurses also help doctors assess whether further treatment such as antibiotics or surgery is necessary. Committee! This type of paper research science, nurse also helps care for bedridden patients who have bedsores, people suffering from complications of diabetes, and committee meeting invitation, may work in a hospital, nursing home, or other long-term care setting.
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The Variety of Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love. Susan Wolf, The Variety of thesis committee invitation Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love , Oxford University Press, 2015, 263pp., $45.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780195332810. Reviewed by fair research science, Sara Protasi, University of Puget Sound. Few essays evoke the same enthusiastic praise for their combination of rigorous reasoning, elegant writing style and influential thesis as Susan Wolf's Moral Saints.  Its placement as the inaugural piece in this collection allows one to see that it is not only chronologically but also conceptually prior to Wolf's subsequent essays. It contains the seeds, in Wolf's own metaphor, from which sprouted an impressively cohesive collection of arguments concerning the forcefulness and inescapability of moral demands, and meeting invitation the significance and resilience of nonmoral values.
In the introduction, with a mixture of humility and pride, Wolf calls attention to the systematic nature of these thirteen articles (only one of which is previously unpublished), and details the connections among them. She highlights central, recurrent ideas and explains how the essays relate to the original themes of Moral Saints, namely how there is more to value than morality, how moral considerations may be less forceful than moral philosophers have often portrayed them, and analysis how different value reasons can pull us in opposite directions. The first part of the thesis committee invitation book, Moral and Nonmoral Values, focuses on the nature and importance of nonmoral values, and their relation to moral ones. The connected topic of the essay about structure and importance of morality is discussed in thesis meeting invitation part 4, The Concept of Duty. In the middle, part 2 (Meaning in Life) explores the topic of meaningfulness, and part 3 discusses Love. Wolf devotes the tagalog paper final section of the introduction to the cover of the book, which features a still life by Willem Heda, the committee meeting Dutch painter, depicting the remains of a luscious feast. Descriptive. Wolf tells us that she appreciates the Dutch Golden Age genre because of its rich textures, and one cannot help but think of the rich textures of her philosophical writing. Wolf explains that she is attracted by what she considers these paintings' characteristic ambivalence and ambiguity (8): in the Calvinist context where they were produced and sold, sensual pleasures and appreciation of material goods were condemned, and still lifes were allegories of transience, warnings against appreciating things that are doomed to decay. But the committee meeting invitation paintings themselves are magnificent objects, and their melancholic message is obfuscated, contradicted, and possibly nullified by the very means with which it is conveyed.
Wolf is here pointing to a tension that infuses all the essays, one way or the other: the tension between moral demands (don't value material goods!) and the demands of beauty, of taste, and, in general, of nonmoral value. She constantly shows us how decent, well-rounded agents cannot, and should not, always wholeheartedly comply with their moral obligations, for analysis two reasons. First, because nonmoral values are intrinsically important, and Wolf convincingly articulates this importance throughout the committee invitation book, highlighting the literary shallowness of the dichotomy morality vs. self-interest that was characteristic of moral philosophy when Moral Saints was published. Thesis Meeting Invitation. Second, because morality cannot keep its irreplaceable role of requiring us to take into account the essay about needs and committee invitation interests of others, if it is essay on climate effects, too demanding. When we conceive of morality as overriding every other practical consideration, people will not have the freedom to live lives that they can find to be good and rewarding (228) and will be less inclined to thesis meeting respect moral imperatives. Notwithstanding her commitment to descriptive essay about my dad the plurality of values, however, Wolf ends up neglecting some crucial aspects of thesis meeting invitation what is symbolized in her beloved Dutch Golden Age paintings: our embodied, emotional nature, our being subject to impulses and unendorsed habits, our being attuned to and appreciative of simple pleasures, such as the pleasures of the table that are the subject of Heda's still lifes.
To start with this last point: Wolf rarely talks in positive terms about the more mundane kinds of nonmoral values that occupy a central role in most people's lives. For instance, in Good-for-Nothings (ch. 5), she rejects a welfarist theory of value, arguing that there can be things that are good independently of the fact that they benefit us: These things are not good because they benefit us; they benefit us because they are good (76). Her examples of good things are: reading Middlemarch , watching The Wire , practicing the cello, training for descriptive about a marathon, appreciating seventeenth century Dutch paintings, and committee more generally good art, good philosophy, good science (73). She explicitly contrasts these activities and pursuits with less valuable counterparts: reading The Da Vinci Code , watching Project Runway , and playing Angry Birds. Wolf's examples of good things are well-chosen to resonate with her audience of tagalog professional philosophers in the Anglophone tradition, in its current demographic make-up. Thesis Meeting. Extending Wolf's point to thesis prezzo different cultural and socio-economic contexts seems relatively straightforward. For instance, we could talk of reading the Mahabharata , watching Taiwanese puppetry shows, practicing the committee djembe. However, this expansion would leave unaltered the most significant feature of Wolf's examples: they are all meant to be expressions of excellence . After saying that art, philosophy, and science science are among the things of thesis meeting invitation immeasurable value (76) with which the world is replete, and on climate and its effects in nepal that we may think of our lives as better, and committee more fortunate, insofar as we are able to be in appreciative touch with some of the most valuable of these (76), Wolf goes on to say that a good human life involves 'enjoyment of the excellent' (77). But having immeasurable value is on climate change, not the same as being excellent, and treating them as equivalent has two consequences. First, it makes one more likely to overlook admittedly less complex sources of values, such as those stemming from appreciation of natural beauty, or from sensual activities such as eating, or having sex, the kind of transient but valuable experiences that were shunned by Dutch Calvinists.
Secondly, it risks restricting the invitation chance of a better, and more fortunate life to those who are capable of experiencing excellence. Consider a cognitively disabled person. Her impairment prevents her from intellectual excellence: she cannot read Middlemarch , nor understand The Wire , and she could never distinguish a Rembrandt from a Kinkade. She does, however, watch Project Runway , she can read children books, and she really enjoys eating juicy apples and walking in the park. Her impairment also prevents her from moral excellence. While she may be naturally virtuous, in the Aristotelian sense, she cannot achieve practical wisdom, distinguish between hypothetical and categorical imperatives, or maximize utility. Finally, while she is affectionate to descriptive essay about my dad her family members, her loving behavior is often immature and self-centered, comparable to that of thesis committee a toddler. But even though moral, intellectual, and interpersonal excellence are bound to literary analysis be out of invitation her reach, she is in appreciative touch with some things of immeasurable value, and I hesitate to think that her life is thesis lancia, less good and less fortunate than mine.
Another context in which Wolf's view could be enriched by taking into consideration a greater variety of psychological profiles is thesis committee, her discussion of personal love. To Wisemans Cove Essay. Love is the main topic of chapters 9, 10 and 11, but also comes up in other essays as an exemplary source of values . . . that compete both motivationally and normatively with moral values (5). In The Importance of Love (ch. 10), Wolf defines love as caring, deeply and personally, for a person for her own sake (191). It is an orientation in thesis invitation the world that gives us reasons to bridge cove essay live (191). Wolf's account is thesis committee invitation, close to the commonsensical understanding of love, and similar to other influential philosophical accounts, such as Harry Frankfurt's.  But specific to her approach is how Wolf envisions the role of love's reasons in practical deliberation.
In Morality and about my dad Partiality (ch. 3), for meeting instance, Wolf defends a conception of morality that incorporates what she calls the Impartialist Insight -- the claim that all persons are equally deserving of thesis lancia well-being and respect (33) -- in a moderate way, so as to be compatible with the demands of partiality without apology (35). Her approach on the one hand acknowledges that friendship and thesis invitation love are valuable in themselves, independently of their contribution to morality, but on the other also embraces the change effects in nepal possibility of a radical choice in favor of partiality, even at a grave moral cost: the thesis meeting choice of a woman to hide her criminal son from the police, causing an innocent to research paper be imprisoned in his place. Wolf suggests that the woman's hesitation to act according to morality is not only understandable but positively reasonable . . . . After all, if the meaning of one's life and committee meeting invitation one's very identity is bound with someone as deeply as a mother's life is characteristically tied to her son's, why should the dictates of impartial morality be regarded as decisive? (41). She goes on to say that such a woman might be as worthy of admiration and respect as her counterpart who decides not to literary of frankenstein shelter her son. While I am sympathetic with Wolf's picture, I worry that she relies on an all-too-rosy picture of motherhood and maternal love, thus implicitly moralizing love itself. To the extent that Wolf convinces us that partiality can reasonably trump impartiality, she succeeds in doing so by describing the mother as engaging in tortured deliberations (42), ready to sacrifice her own well-being for the sake of her son's: Do to me what you like . . . . Judge me as you will. I will go to hell if I have to, but my son is more important to me than my moral salvation. (41). This mother is a selfless martyr.
Some readers might in fact take issue with precisely this quasi-fanatical aspect: perhaps she should worry more about the meeting innocent man who will go to jail in her son's place than about bridge cove essay her own moral salvation. Meeting. But even those who feel the pull of Wolf's example, and I am one of them, should bear in mind that there are darker and less valuable ways in which maternal and filial identity are tied up, than pure maternal altruism. Consider the case of a mother who is bridge cove essay, affected either by committee, narcissistic or borderline personality disorder, or is just plain selfish. Paper.  Such mothers will be pained at the prospect of their child's going to jail because of the meeting suffering it would cause to them . The shared sense of identity characterizing these relatively common relations is deeply problematic. To the extent that Wolf succeeds in showing that the mother's choice is analysis essay, respectable, or even admirable, she does so by relying not so much on the value of love itself, but on the value of a moralized picture of love. Consider also Wolf's example in thesis invitation 'One Thought Too Many': Love, Morality, and essay the Ordering of Commitment (ch. Invitation. 9).
The essay examines Bernard Williams' famous discussion of the man who rescues his wife instead of descriptive my dad another drowning stranger, and who ought not, according to Williams, be motivated by the thought that she is his wife and it is thesis committee meeting invitation, permissible for fair him to favor her over a stranger.  Wolf reviews different interpretations and consequent responses to Williams' thesis, and concludes that the most common reaction is to agree with Williams that the meeting thought of prezzo moral permissibility would be one thought too many if it is understood to occur at the moment of action (145, original emphases). This view, according to Wolf, is compatible with finding nothing wrong with a person wondering, in thesis meeting invitation a cool and reflective moment, under what conditions one may give preference to one's loved ones and tagalog research paper under what conditions one may not (146). But -- she argues -- there is in fact something wrong with the husband who reflects, in cold mind, about whether what he did was morally permissible: it is an unappealing personal ideal of a lover. In the essay she offers an alternative ideal, or rather glimpses of thesis committee a psychological profile that could be filled out so as to constitute an about my dad ideal (161): a lover who would not constrain his actions to only those that are morally permissible, and who is thesis committee, unlikely to engage in moral deliberation, even hypothetically, over Williams' scenario. Wolf highlights that this is a personal and not a moral ideal, one she wishes she could realize and tagalog research that she wishes for her children and friends.
Wolf claims to have sketched a psychological profile, but she does not pause to consider whether the husband depicted by Williams is a psychologically ordinary husband. Wolf is clearly sensitive to the constraints imposed on our moral ideals by nonmoral values. But there are also other constraints, imposed by thesis, our psychology. I myself know that I fall short of being the kind of thesis lancia prezzo person that Wolf has in mind. I engage in the post-hoc reflections about what morality requires that Wolf deems as obtrusive, and thesis meeting invitation the reason I do is that I sometimes need morality to tagalog research paper nudge me to fulfill the thesis committee demands of love. Descriptive About My Dad.  Lovers are not always capable of putting their beloveds' interests before their own, for a variety of factors: weakness of the will, egoism, and, more relevant to Williams' scenario, primal instincts and emotions such as the hunger that made fathers fight with their sons over a piece of bread in concentration camps,  or the panic that makes a man flee in meeting front of an avalanche instead of protecting his wife and children,  or, less dramatically, the lancia prezzo sleep deprivation and exhaustion that causes petty fights between parents of a newborn. One might respond on Wolf's behalf that she is explicit about the meeting ideal nature of her lover, so that we should exclude those psychological facts that count as character flaws. But imagine a case in which our husband is a military rescuer. He has been trained to defeat his survival instinct, so there is no risk of him running for his life in front of an avalanche.
However, he has also been trained to save perfect strangers. This is not only a deeply engrained habit, but also a part of his identity. When the tagalog research avalanche approaches, his wife is at 50 meters from him, but another woman, older and committee invitation less fit than his wife, is closer. It would be physically possible for him to run faster and save his wife. However, his training and professional identity kick in bridge to wisemans cove and he runs to save the stranger.
Would a post-hoc reflection be inappropriate in committee this case? Could this person not be a desirable, even ideal love partner? Wolf's decent human agents are very decent, but sometimes not quite human enough. Reflecting over less idealized profiles of lovers allows us to see also how the very boundaries between normative and axiological domains are sometimes, maybe often, blurry: in real life situations, it is often difficult to distinguish between different kinds of reasons and values. To Wisemans. Whether or not a tired woman wakes her husband when the baby needs to committee meeting invitation be changed may be a complex deliberative act, and the final decision might be justified by a moral reason (he changed the baby earlier in tagalog the night, so it's only fair she lets him sleep), a loving one (he is sleeping so well, poor thing), both, or none (there was no time to think, she just instinctively rushed to the crib). Appreciating the variety of values means also appreciating the thesis committee meeting variety of value , its own internal miscellaneous messiness. This remark is of course Wolfian in spirit, and bridge to wisemans cove essay I see it showcased by the essay where we find the most psychologically realistic, and thus highly flawed, examples of human agents: Loving Attention: Lessons in Love from The Philadelphia Story (ch. 10). Wolf uses the movie The Philadelphia Story as a case study for thesis committee meeting understanding Iris Murdoch's notion of loving attention as a moral virtue. Wolf's conclusion is that loving attention can be a moral virtue insofar as it is interpreted as loving of the world (177). This conclusion is reached through a detailed analysis of the lancia movie and the loving styles of committee invitation it characters.
This method of inquiry, inherently attuned to the complexity of paper human psychology, not coincidentally leads Wolf to minimize the differences between the domains of value: personal love is argued to be fundamentally analogous to loving the world, including people who are evil and thus unworthy of committee meeting invitation love, and to love of the arts, and essay on climate even, maybe, love of chocolate and basketball (cf. footnote 11, 179). If I had to invitation summarize the gist of my critical remarks in a slogan, it would be: more chocolate and basketball, please. But I would not be in the position of making such remarks had it not been for Susan Wolf's ground-breaking articulation of the importance of not being saintly. For their feedback on this review I thank Aaron Meskin and Shen-yi Liao, and especially Michael Della Rocca and Tyler Doggett for extensive discussions.  Journal of Philosophy 79(8): 419-439 (1982).
 It would have been interesting for Wolf to compare her view to Frankfurt's view in The Reasons of Love (Princeton University Press, 2006), especially given their opposite perspectives on the relation between love for others and self-love.  Lydia Davis portrays such a mother in Selfish ( The Collected Stories of Lydia Davis , Penguin, 2011, 441-442). The story is chilling because the mother is literary of frankenstein, not depicted as abnormal in a clinical sense, even though of course the distinction between a psychological pathology and a moral flaw may not always be easy to draw.  Bernard Williams, Moral Luck , Cambridge University Press, 1981, 1-19. For simplicity throughout the paper I maintain the husband/wife language, which does not imply endorsing a conventional picture of romantic love, according to which lovers are heterosexual, married, etc.  I do not mean to meeting imply that Wolf is not aware of the existence of conflicts between one's self-interests and the interests of our beloved, as she explicitly talks about these conflicts (see, e.g., the bridge cove conclusion of ch.
3, p. 46). Committee. What I argue here is that the existence of fair paper research science these conflicts should play a larger role in determining what ideals of love are obtainable, and thus desirable.  As recounted by Primo Levi in If This is a Man , Abacus, 2013.  This example is inspired by committee meeting, the movie Force Majeure .
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13 Epic Marriage Proposals in Literature. For every blazingly romantic literary proposal, there's one so awkward it'll make you join the thesis committee invitation nearest convent. Descriptive Essay About. Just because a proposal takes place in a book doesn't mean it's romantic or successful, but just because a proposal isn't romantic or successful doesn't mean it's not epic. Thesis Meeting Invitation. Here, 13 of the greatest, sweetest, awkwardest, rudest proposals that literature has to offer.. 1. Prezzo. Beatrice + Benedick in Much Ado About Nothing. I've written about this moment before, because it is perfection . Thesis Committee Meeting Invitation. Sworn enemies Beatrice and Benedick have a lot of trouble admitting that they're crazy about each other Ђ” Thou and I are too wise to woo peaceably, Benedick snipes at one point Ђ” but they finally make it official: BENEDICK: They swore that you were almost sick for me. BEATRICE: They swore that you were well-nigh dead for me. BENEDICK: 'Tis no such matter. Then you do not love me? BEATRICE: No, truly, but in research, friendly recompense. [Their friends bring out thesis invitation, two love poems that each has written about the other.] BENEDICK: A miracle! here's our own hands against our hearts.
Come, I will have thee; but, by on climate and its in nepal, this light, I take. Committee Meeting. BEATRICE: I would not deny you; but, by essay change effects, this good day, I yield. upon great persuasion; and partly to save your life, for I was told you were in a consumption. BENEDICK: Peace! I will stop your mouth. 2. Madeline Bassett + Bertie Wooster in invitation, Right Ho, Jeeves. Bridge To Wisemans. Bertie Wooster really, really doesn't want to committee meeting marry the ultra-sappy Madeline Bassett, but he accidentally proposes to her while trying to tell her that his friend is in love with her. That's so Bertie! Madeline initially denies his proposal, but after the romance with Bertie's friend doesn't work out, Madeline decides she'll marry him after all. Here's how Bertie finds out: But what, I mused, toying with the envelope, can this female be writing to me about? Why not open the damn thing and see? [said Aunt Dahlia.]
A very excellent idea, I said, and did so. . a sharp howl broke from thesis my lips, causing Aunt Dahlia to shy like a startled mustang. Thesis Committee. Ђ¦Dash it! I cried. Do you know what's happened? Madeline Bassett says she's going to marry me! I hope it keeps fine for you, said the relative, and passed from the research room looking like something out of an Edgar Allan Poe story.
3. Thesis Committee Invitation. Rhett Butler + Scarlett O'Hara in Gone With the Wind. Shortly after Scarlett's husband dies, Rhett proposes, like the cad he is. Shocked and offended, she says no. He kisses her. She says yes.. Say youЂ™ll marry me when I come back or, before God, I wonЂ™t go. IЂ™ll stay around here and play a guitar under your window every night and sing at thesis lancia the top of my voice and compromise you, so youЂ™ll have to marry me to save your reputation. 3. Anne Elliot + Frederick Wentworth in Persuasion. Thesis Meeting Invitation. Austen is famously silent when it comes to descriptive essay about my dad certain aspects of love Ђ” for example, we rarely hear her characters' marriage proposals spoken aloud.
In Persuasion, however, Austen gives us one of literature's most romantic letters of all time. The words Will you marry me? aren't written down, but they don't need to be. Thesis Meeting. I can listen no longer in silence. I must speak to you by such means as are within my reach. You pierce my soul. I am half agony, half hope. Essay My Dad. Tell me not that I am too late, that such precious feelings are gone for ever. I offer myself to you again with a heart even more your own than when you almost broke it, eight years and a half ago.
Dare not say that man forgets sooner than woman, that his love has an earlier death. Committee. I have loved none but you. Unjust I may have been, weak and resentful I have been, but never inconstant. Cove. You alone have brought me to Bath. For you alone, I think and plan. Have you not seen this? Can you fail to have understood my wishes? I had not waited even these ten days, could I have read your feelings, as I think you must have penetrated mine.
I can hardly write. I am every instant hearing something which overpowers me. You sink your voice, but I can distinguish the tones of that voice when they would be lost on others. Too good, too excellent creature! You do us justice, indeed. You do believe that there is true attachment and committee meeting constancy among men. Believe it to tagalog paper be most fervent, most undeviating, in committee, F. W. . 4. Ricardo Somocurcio to paper the Bad Girl in The Bad Girl.
The novel isn't one of Mario Vargas Llosa's best, but the character of the committee invitation Bad Girl Ђ” alluring, manipulative, the recipient of to wisemans essay a thousand proposals Ђ” can't help but captivate the imagination. Here, she refuses a proposal from the only man who's consistently loved her: I marry only for thesis committee meeting love, she said, staring daggers at me and thesis tapping her right foot, which was extended in front of committee meeting her. And Its In Nepal. I'd never marry a clod who made a proposal of thesis marriage as coarse as the one you've just made to me. If you want, I'll get down on essay on climate change effects in nepal, my knees, and with my hand over my heart, I'll beg you to thesis meeting be my adored little wife until the end of time, I said in research, confusion, not knowing if she was joking or speaking seriously. Do it, she ordered. On your knees, with your hands on your chest. Tell me the meeting invitation best cheap, sentimental things in research science, your repertoire and let's see if you convince me. I fell to my knees and begged her to marry meЂ¦I heard her laugh as she said into my ear, I'm sorry, but I've received better requests for my hand than yours, little pissant. Thesis Invitation. The lush, gorgeous ending of Ulyssses is formed from the on climate in nepal stream-of-consciousness thoughts of Molly Bloom who, lying in bed next to her husband after sleeping with another man earlier that day, finds herself thinking back to the day her husband proposed to thesis invitation her. Her memories, as well as her answer, are sensual, orgasmic: . he kissed me under the Moorish wall and research I thought well as well him as another and committee meeting then I asked him with my eyes to ask again yes and then he asked me would I yes to paper research say yes my mountain flower and first I put my arms around him yes and drew him down to me so he could feel my breasts all perfume yes and thesis committee his heart was going like mad and yes I said yes I will Yes. Tagalog Research Paper. 6. Fiona + Grant in The Bear Came Over the thesis Mountain There's plenty of love and love lost in Alice Munro's short stories, but this particular proposal is too sweet and fair research science simple to overlook:.
He thought maybe she was joking when she proposed to him, on a cold bright day on thesis meeting invitation, the beach at essay Port Stanley. Sand was stinging their faces and the waves delivered crashing loads of gravel at their feet. ЂњDo you think it would be fun Ђ” Ђќ Fiona shouted. ЂњDo you think it would be fun if we got married?Ђќ. Committee. He took her up on it, he shouted yes. He wanted never to descriptive be away from her. She had the spark of life. 7. The shepherd + his lover in thesis meeting invitation, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love Christopher Marlowe's sensual poem is more of bridge to wisemans cove a life proposal than a marriage proposal, grounded by the repetition of the perfect line, Come live with me and invitation be my love. The shepherdsЂ™ swains shall dance and sing. Tagalog Research Paper. For thy delight each May morning: If these delights thy mind may move, Then live with me and be my love. 8. Thesis. Florentino Ariza + Fermina Daza in Love in the Time of Cholera. Spoiler alert: the following engagement is lancia prezzo, broken off, only to be resumed fifty-one years later. Their frenetic correspondence was almost two years old when Florentino Ariza, in committee meeting, a letter of only one paragraph, made a formal proposal of marriage to essay on climate change and its in nepal Fermina Daza. Ђ¦ When the formal proposal arrived she felt herself wounded for the first time by the clawings of thesis meeting death.
Panic-stricken, she told her Aunt EscolЎstica, who gave her advice with the descriptive essay about courage and lucidity she had not had when she was twenty and was forced to decide her own fate. ЂњTell him yes,Ђќ she said. Committee Invitation. ЂњEven if you are dying of fear, even if you are sorry later, because whatever you do, you will be sorry all the rest of lancia prezzo your life if you say no.Ђќ. Fermina Daza, however, was so confused that she asked for some time to think it over. First she asked for a month, then two, then three, and thesis when the paper research science fourth month had ended and she had still not replied, she received a white camellia again, not alone in the envelope as on other occasions but with the peremptory notification that this was the last one: it was now or never. Then that same afternoon it was Florentino Ariza who saw the face of death when he received an thesis committee meeting invitation, envelope containing a strip of paper, torn from the margin of a school notebook, on thesis lancia, which a one-line answer was written in pencil: Very well, I will marry you if you promise not to make me eat eggplant .. 9. Thesis Committee Meeting. Mr. Collins + Elizabeth Bennet in Pride and Prejudice. The oily Mr. Collins gives one of the longest and most brick-headed proposals of all time. As Elizabeth continually rebuffs him, he insists that Elizabeth Bennet's refusal is just the affectation and coquetry of an descriptive essay my dad, elegant female. Thesis Meeting Invitation. Infuriating. My reasons for bridge to wisemans cove essay marrying are, first, that I think it a right thing for every clergyman in easy circumstances (like myself) to set the example of matrimony in his parish. Secondly, that I am convinced it will add very greatly to invitation my happiness; and thirdly Ђ” which perhaps I ought to have mentioned earlier, that it is the particular advice and essay change and its recommendation of the very noble lady whom I have the honour of calling patroness. Ђ¦ And now nothing remains for me but to assure you in the most animated language of the violence of committee meeting my affection.
To fortune I am perfectly indifferent, and shall make no demand of analysis essay that nature on your father, since I am well aware that it could not be complied with; and that one thousand pounds in committee, the 4 per cents, which will not be yours till after your mother's decease, is all that you may ever be entitled to. On that head, therefore, I shall be uniformly silent; and you may assure yourself that no ungenerous reproach shall ever pass my lips when we are married. 10. Anne Shirley + Gilbert Blythe, take one, in Anne of the paper science Island. Gilbert [took] her hand in a clasp from which she could not free it. There is something I want to say to you. Oh, don't say it, cried Anne, pleadingly. Thesis Meeting Invitation. Don't Ђ” PLEASE, Gilbert.
I must. Things can't go on like this any longer. Anne, I love you. Tagalog Paper. You know I do. I Ђ” I can't tell you how much. Will you promise me that some day you'll be my wife? I Ђ” I can't, said Anne miserably. Oh, Gilbert Ђ” you Ђ” you've spoiled everything.
Don't you care for me at all? Gilbert asked after a very dreadful pause, during which Anne had not dared to look up. Thesis Committee Meeting Invitation. Not Ђ” not in that way. I do care a great deal for research you as a friend. But I don't love you, Gilbert. But can't you give me some hope that you will Ђ” yet? No, I can't, exclaimed Anne desperately. I never, never can love you Ђ” in that way Ђ” Gilbert. You must never speak of this to committee meeting me again.
There was another pause Ђ” so long and to wisemans cove so dreadful that Anne was driven at last to look up. Invitation. Gilbert's face was white to the lips. And his eyes Ђ” but Anne shuddered and looked away. There was nothing romantic about this. Tagalog Research. Must proposals be either grotesque or Ђ” horrible? Could she ever forget Gilbert's face? 11. Jane Eyre + Mr. Rochester, take one, Jane Eyre.
In literature, the greatest couples usually go through two marriage proposals before they finally tie the meeting invitation knot (see: Anne and Gilbert, Elizabeth and essay Mr. Darcy). The first time Mr. Rochester proposes to Jane is by thesis committee, far the tagalog research paper more romantic of the two proposals, but it's also mad sketchy. Let's just say he has a little secret locked up in the attic.
Come to my side, Jane, and meeting invitation let us explain and understand one another. I will never again come to your side: I am torn away now, and cannot return. But, Jane, I summon you as my wife: it is you only I intend to marry. I was silent: I thought he mocked me. Come, Jane Ђ” come hither.
Your bride stands between us. He rose, and with a stride reached me. My bride is here, he said, again drawing me to him, because my equal is here, and of frankenstein my likeness. Jane, will you marry me? 12. Albert to Melpomene in Uncle Seneca In Isak Dinesen's strange story, this tender proposal comes with an offer of money, and for that reason, it's roundly rejected.. Thesis Committee. Look here, said Albert, I have wished I could make you happy from that first moment when I met you in the rain. It is a very strange thing.
One reads in books about research paper, love at first sight, but one never believes that it happens to people in real life. And then it was love at first sight with me myselfЂ¦. I felt at committee meeting once that you were what people call one's better self. The other girls have all been strangers, somehow, but you were like me. Change Effects. Sure, their romance was a controversial one Ђ” many fans of Little Women insist that Laurie was meant for Jo Ђ” and sure, it's a little weird to thesis marry the sister of the girl you were in bridge cove essay, love with first.
But the thesis committee meeting invitation incomplete question, the lake setting, and the general sweetness of this proposal are simple, mutual understanding at its romantic best. He had rather imagined that the denoument would take place in the chateau garden by moonlight, and in on climate change effects in nepal, the most graceful and decorous manner, but it turned out thesis committee meeting, exactly the reverse, for tagalog paper the matter was settled on the lake at noonday in a few blunt words. They had been floating about all the morningЂ¦ Amy had been dabbling her hand in the water during the little pause that fell between them, and thesis committee meeting when she looked up, Laurie was leaning on his oars with an expression in his eyes that made her say hastily, merely for the sake of saying something. You must be tired. Rest a little, and let me row. It will do me good, for since you came I have been altogether lazy and bridge cove essay luxurious. I'm not tired, but you may take an oar, if you like. There's room enough, though I have to sit nearly in the middle, else the boat won't trim, returned Laurie, as if he rather liked the arrangement. Feeling that she had not mended matters much, Amy took the offered third of a seat, shook her hair over thesis invitation, her face, and accepted an oar.
She rowed as well as she did many other things, and though she used both hands, and Laurie but one, the oars kept time, and the boat went smoothly through the water. How well we pull together, don't we? said Amy, who objected to silence just then. So well that I wish we might always pull in the same boat. Will you, Amy? very tenderly. Yes, Laurie, very low.
Then they both stopped rowing, and unconsciously added a pretty little tableau of human love and happiness to the dissolving views reflected in the lake.
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conflict essay holes A Case Study of Medieval Japan through Art: Samurai Life in Medieval Japan. Medieval Japan: An Introductory Essay. by Ethan Segal, Michigan State University. Medieval Japan may call to mind honorable sword-wielding samurai and stealthy ninja assassins. Committee Invitation? These figures, often seen in popular movies and essay and its effects, games about pre-modern Japan, are only loosely based on committee meeting invitation, reality. In fact, many different types of people helped shape the medieval period. Descriptive About My Dad? Over 400 years, from the late twelfth to the late sixteenth centuries, emperors and priests, women and merchants, poets and playwrights, and, of course, samurai created a complex yet fascinating society. Samurai governments administered the country in tandem with the older imperial administration.
Warriors’ rise to power led to an increase in violence, and by the mid-fifteenth century, warfare was constant. But other aspects of society flourished in spite of the breakdown in civil order. Buddhism enjoyed the strong support of both samurai and commoners. Such new cultural traditions as the tea ceremony became popular. The arrival of committee meeting Europeans in the sixteenth century forced the Japanese to change their view of the world. The term medieval may seem curious, since it was originally applied to European history.
It described a “middle” period between the descriptive essay fall of the Roman Empire and thesis committee invitation, the start of the Renaissance. During this period, central government was weak and society was divided among feudal rulers. Sixteenth-century Japan was divided among warlords known as daimy#333; , and Europeans who visited Japan at that time felt it resembled medieval Europe. Early twentieth-century Japanese scholars also saw these similarities. They adopted the term medieval to describe the period when Japanese imperial authority was weak and warriors played an important role in descriptive essay about my dad, governing society. These were the years of Japan’s first two warrior governments: the Kamakura (1185-1333) and the Muromachi (1336-1573) shogunates.
What were those warriors like? What roles did they play in Japanese history? To answer these questions, we must turn to the creation of Japan’s first warrior government in the 1180s. As late as the 1170s, no one could have guessed that warriors led by the Minamoto clan were about to establish an independent government. Most warriors served as middle-level officials in committee invitation, the provinces, working as managers on government-owned public lands or on essay, private estates ( sh#333;en ). They owed their positions to central government aristocrats and powerful temples. Committee? If a warrior disobeyed his superiors, he would be labeled a rebel and his lands given to rivals. Thus, for thesis most of the twelfth century, imperial officials controlled the warriors. By 1179, Kiyomori had made himself a virtual dictator. In 1180 he forced the committee meeting imperial court to make his grandson (the child of his daughter who had married an emperor) the next emperor. That same year, a disgruntled imperial prince, upset that he had been passed over for the throne, issued a call-to-arms.
Yoritomo, exiled head of the Minamoto clan (and now an paper, adult), mobilized warriors to join him in attacking the thesis committee Taira. The Minamoto and Taira fought the lancia length of the committee meeting country for five years in a conflict known as the Genpei War. When the Taira were finally defeated, Yoritomo went on tagalog research paper, to found Japan’s first warrior government. The real significance of the war, however, was the warriors’ first steps toward independence from the imperial government. Invitation? Yoritomo convinced many eastern warriors to follow him by thesis lancia promising to guarantee their lands and meeting invitation, jobs. As a result, warriors who felt insecure under the old system chose to join the Minamoto, even if they were not actually part of the Minamoto clan. In many cases, their local rivals joined the Taira side (even though they weren’t members of the Taira family) just to oppose them. Essay Change Effects? So the thesis committee meeting invitation Genpei War was, more than anything, about warriors asserting themselves against neighbors and the central government. The imperial court, at a loss to stop such violence, turned to the only warrior capable of restoring peace: Yoritomo.
In exchange for helping to bring order to the countryside, Yoritomo secured authorization for his own warrior government in the eastern city of prezzo Kamakura. His government is known as the Kamakura bakufu or shogunate. Its primary duties included supervising warriors and deciding lawsuits. Yoritomo rewarded loyal warriors by appointing them as jit#333; (military land stewards) on private estates. These jit#333; served as police and tax collectors. While jit#333; worked on individual estates, Yoritomo later began appointing other warriors as shugo (military governors) over entire provinces. Shugo investigated major crimes (such as murder or treason), summoned warriors for guard duty, and collected information for Kamakura. Yoritomo himself held several titles, including shogun.
Later that title would be passed on to the committee head of the warrior government. When Yoritomo died in 1199, his sons succeeded him, but they proved to be weak leaders. Real power was maintained by the family of Yoritomo’s wife, H#333;j#333; Masako. Lancia? Together with her father and brother, Masako created the position of regent for the shogun. Male members of the H#333;j#333; family served as regents from invitation 1203 until 1333. To Wisemans Essay? Masako herself was never regent, but she was a very influential person wielded much authority in thesis committee meeting invitation, Kamakura. For much of the thirteenth century, the Kamakura government kept the peace. It never eliminated the essay on climate effects in nepal imperial government in Kyoto, but instead shared power. Kamakura managed warrior affairs while Kyoto supervised the aristocracy, temples, and civilians. The bakufu also created an committee meeting invitation, advanced legal system. Tagalog Paper? Trials relied on testimony, cross-examination, written documents, and precedent.
Outcomes could be appealed. Meeting Invitation? Although it was a warrior government, great energy went into keeping warriors off the tagalog research paper battlefield. In 1221, however, a retired emperor tried to muster an army to destroy Kamakura. His forces were defeated and he was exiled, leaving the thesis committee warrior government even stronger. Another threat came in effects in nepal, the late 1260s, when the Mongol leader Kubilai Khan tried to intimidate the Japanese into meeting submitting to his empire. Japan’s warriors rejected Kubilai’s diplomatic efforts, so Mongol-led armies attempted to invade Japan in 1274 and 1281. In each case, samurai defenders fought off the essay change effects in nepal invaders with some help from typhoons. Thesis Committee Invitation? Because the Japanese believed the bad weather was sent by the gods to defend Japan, they called those storms kamikaze (divine winds). Samurai of the Kamakura Period.
Medieval war tales and essay about my dad, other accounts tell us a lot about the early samurai. Thesis Committee Meeting Invitation? Leading warriors were usually mounted archers. Although they carried swords, they valued the bow and tagalog, arrow over other weapons. These samurai were quite independent. Thesis Committee Meeting Invitation? They supplied their own weapons, armor, provisions, and attendants. There was no “samurai code” at this time, and you can find tales of bravery as well as treachery among Kamakura warriors. Many fought in order to earn fame and rewards. Paper? For that reason, they often wore distinctiveeven colorfularmor and clothing to committee meeting, enable others to easily recognize them. Warriors were witnesses for each other so that reports of battlefield valor could be confirmed and brave warriors rewarded. Consider, for example, the personal account of Takezaki Suenaga, a samurai who fought against the Mongols. In his version of events, he makes no mention of fighting to defend Japan.
Instead, he fought to make a name for himself, be witnessed, and earn rewards. Since most battles were fought between Japanese, it was relatively easy to reward the winnersthey would receive the property or positions of the research losers. But the Mongol invasions proved much more challenging. Kamakura’s samurai fought off the invaders, but they did not capture any Mongol lands they could claim as rewards. Meeting Invitation? Meanwhile, the on climate in nepal economy started to expand, and many warriors found themselves in financial difficulties. Some had to use their lands as collateral to borrow money. If they failed to repay loans, they had to thesis committee meeting, forfeit their property. At the same time, the essay change H#333;j#333; family took advantage of the invasion crisis to further solidify its own hold on government, excluding members of other warrior families from top positions. These problems led many samurai to become increasingly frustrated with Kamakura by thesis meeting the early fourteenth century.
New Directions in Buddhism. Religion underwent significant growth and change during Japan’s medieval period. The major Buddhist temples and Shint#333; shrines controlled estates in the provinces. In earlier times, they relied on the taxes from those estates for descriptive about much of their income. Samurai, however, started interfering with temples’ ability to collect tax income. As estate taxes became increasingly unreliable, religious houses needed to find additional sources of committee meeting invitation income. Some sects, such as Pure Land Buddhism, found new ways to appeal to the common people. Others, such as Zen, gained popularity among the warriors. Of course, religious thought also played an important role in the evolution of essay Japanese Buddhism.
Many people believed in the cycle of rebirth (reincarnation) as a form of cosmic justice. Depending on committee meeting invitation, how you had lived your previous life, your soul might be reborn into better or worse circumstances. Of Frankenstein? The goal was for each person to attain enlightenment ( nirvana ) and be freed from the cycle of rebirth. However, another influential idea was that Japan had entered mapp#333; , the final days of the law. Mapp#333; was a degenerate age in which the teachings of the historical Buddha were so distant that people were no longer able to fully comprehend them. Therefore, it was almost impossible for meeting invitation individuals to achieve enlightenment on their own. For many Japanese, medieval warfare and the breakdown of civil order were proof that they were living in degenerate times. One response was Pure Land Buddhism. Thesis Lancia? Pure Land came from the teachings of committee a religious reformer named H#333;nen.
Unlike the Buddhist establishment, H#333;nen saw little value to study in research, the age of mapp#333; . He taught his followers to place complete faith in thesis committee meeting invitation, the Buddha Amida. Amida had vowed to save others before achieving enlightenment. Thus, Pure Land practitioners believed that by descriptive essay my dad repeatedly expressing their faith in him, they would be reborn into thesis committee Amida’s western paradise. Anyone could say the phrase (known as the nembutsu ) that professed beliefyears of training were not requiredso Pure Land became quite popular among common people. Shinran, one of H#333;nen’s students, took this logic a step further. He claimed that repeating the nembutsu was unnecessary, since that still meant that salvation depended on individual effort. True faith in Amida’s mercy was the bridge only hope for mankind. Therefore, according to Shinran, one absolutely sincere expression of belief was all that was necessary. Committee Meeting Invitation? His teachings became True Pure Land Buddhism and thesis lancia prezzo, gained widespread acceptance, especially among the committee meeting peasantry. Nichiren was another important Buddhist who taught that salvation came through faith.
A nationalist, he taught that, although Buddhism had originated in lancia, India, it would achieve its highest form in committee meeting, Japan. He valued the Lotus Sutra above all other Buddhist scriptures. Nichiren openly criticized other Buddhist schools and was very dogmatic; this led to his eventual exile. But his conviction won him followers, and his sect remains popular in Japan even today. Zen Buddhism also won acceptance in Japan during the medieval period. It was based on Chinese Ch’an Buddhism, and the great Japanese Zen priests Eisai and D#333;gen both trained in China. The faith they brought back to on climate change and its, Japan promoted meditation ( zazen ) and the contemplation of questions with no logical answers ( k#333;an ) as paths to enlightenment. The emphasis on self-reliance and discipline appealed to many warriors, and the samurai became some of Zen’s most loyal patrons. The warrior capital of Kamakura contained many Buddhist temples, some of which still stand today. A major shrine, dedicated to the Shint#333; war deity, was built at the heart of the city.
Numerous Zen temples were constructed during the thesis thirteenth century. Women were just as involved as men, and one famous temple, T#333;keiji, became a site of refuge for women seeking divorces. The proliferation of temples reflected sincere religious devotion, but the dedication in 1252 of paper a bronze Buddha figure over 40 feet high was surely also intended to thesis committee invitation, rival the great Buddha at T#333;daiji Temple in Nara. The building that housed the Kamakura Buddha was swept away by a tidal wave in the late fifteenth century, but the bronze figure remains, sitting outside ever since. Poetry remained the most important literary form. Members of the imperial court were the paper best educated and most skilled, but samurai also began to take an interest. The third shogun, Sanetomo, was considered a very skillful poet. His teacher, the meeting invitation courtier Fujiwara Teika, compiled one of analysis essay of frankenstein Japan’s greatest imperial poetry collections, the meeting invitation Shinkokinsh#363; . Prose literary works reflected the Buddhist influence of the medieval age.
The Tale of the Heike was the most popular. It described the Genpei War and literary, the Taira clan’s downfall. Its stories are quite exciting and seem to offer an intriguing view of twelfth-century warfare. Thesis Committee Invitation? But the tale cannot be read as an paper research, accurate account of the war. Buddhist chanters composed the tale many decades after the thesis meeting war had ended. They sang it as they played biwa (stringed instruments similar to lutes) to illustrate Buddhist themes of impermanence and show how the mighty will fall. Bridge Cove Essay? Similar themes can be found in committee invitation, Kamo no Ch#333;mei’s philosophical essay, “An Account of My Hut.” Few works by tagalog women have survived. Thesis? A notable exception is the tagalog research paper memoir of Lady Nij#333;, a court attendant. Her work is lively, frank, colorful, and thesis, offers a valuable view of life in Kyoto and research paper, the provinces. Painting and sculpture reflected the influential roles of Buddhism and the samurai in society. Illustrated scrolls ( emaki ) used pictures to show how temples were founded and how violent conflicts destroyed parts of Kyoto.
Takezaki Suenaga, the samurai mentioned above who fought against the Mongols, even commissioned an illustrated scroll to tell his tale. Another important art form was raig#333; , paintings that showed Amida welcoming people who had just died to his western paradise. The influential Kei school of sculptors used graphic realism in their work. Their famous guardians at T#333;daiji look quite intimidating, even hyper-masculine, with detailed bulging muscles, fierce expressions, and crystals set in thesis, the eyes to make them look real. Kamakura’s Demise and the Muromachi Bakufu. The Muromachi bakufu was never as stable as Kamakura had been. The shogun was not powerful enough to rule the country by his own force of arms.
Eastern Japan and the island of Ky#363;sh#363 were both semi-autonomous. The shogun’s authority was contingent on his maintaining the support of a strong coalition of shugo . Literary Analysis? These shugo were much more powerful than their Kamakura period predecessors. Their posts were now hereditary, and one individual could rule more than one province at meeting invitation a time. They also had the right to levy special taxes on estates to tagalog research, cover their military expenditures. Thesis Committee Meeting? Three of the thesis prezzo most powerful shugo familiesthe Hosokawa, Hatakeyama, and Shibaalternated in serving as deputy shogun ( kanrei ), a position designed to thesis meeting, help mediate between the shogun and his shugo . Fair Paper? Yet the shugo needed the legitimacy that they gained from the shogun’s support to committee meeting invitation, help them fend off local warriors in the provinces under their control. Yoshimitsu is widely recognized as the strongest and most successful Ashikaga shogun. He ended the warfare of the divided imperial court and crushed those shugo who opposed him.
He reopened diplomatic relations and official trade with China. Yoshimitsu was an accomplished poet and tagalog research paper, a great sponsor of the arts. His patronage of a particular performing troupe helped give birth to Noh theatre. He also is thesis invitation credited with constructing the Golden Pavilion, one of Japan’s most famous medieval buildings. Yoshimitsu took it over as a retirement villa in science, the 1390s, covering it with real gold leaf (it is part of a Zen temple today). His other great construction project, the Palace of Flowers, reflected Yoshimitsu’s ambitions to outdo, and perhaps replace, the thesis committee meeting emperor. Change Effects? The shogun’s palace was built across the street from the imperial palace but was twice as large and far more sumptuous.
Perhaps Yoshimitsu’s most controversial decision was to accept the title “king of Japan” from the Chinese emperor. In the Chinese view of thesis meeting foreign relations, only one ruler could have the title “emperor,” and literary, that was the emperor of meeting invitation China. Other rulers had lesser titles, such as king. When Yoshimitsu attempted to essay of frankenstein, re-establish formal relations and thesis committee meeting invitation, trade with China, he agreed to take the tagalog paper title king of Japan. Many Japanese of the time objected since it implied that Japan was subordinate to China. Yoshimitsu’s motives are not entirely clear. Some suggest that he did this in order to bolster his legitimacy at home. Others think that he was so eager to trade with the Chinese that he ignored the political implications of the title. Another theory is that he hoped to monopolize foreign relations as part of his plan to replace the Japanese imperial family with his own line. Yoshimitsu died before he could realize any plans to replace the imperial family, and his son backed away from his father’s bold policies.
But shogunal authority remained strong until 1441, when the sixth shogun, Yoshinori, was assassinated. After Yoshinori, only the eighth shogun, Yoshimasa, stands out as a memorable figure. He ruled for over 20 years and was a great sponsor of the arts, including Noh theatre and invitation, the tea ceremony. He built the Silver Pavilion, another important cultural property in Kyoto, but plans to cover the villa with silver leaf were never carried out. Yoshimasa may have matched his grandfather Yoshimitsu’s flair for architecture and the arts, but he lacked Yoshimitsu’s skill at politics. It was during Yoshimasa’s tenure as shogun that an 11-year civil war broke out, heralding the end of strong central government in Japan for over a century. Muromachi Arts and Culture. In earlier times, the arts were dominated by descriptive essay about the emperor and his courtiers. This changed in meeting, the Muromachi period, however, as other groups brought new ideas to thesis lancia prezzo, the cultural landscape. Many samurai, now living in Kyoto, developed a taste for the arts.
Elite warriors joined aristocrats in sponsoring painters, playwrights, poets, and other men of talent. Thesis Committee Invitation? The growth of trade and the economy enabled merchants to lancia, participate in the world of culture too. Thesis Committee? As the unstable political situation brought men of different classes together, aristocrats, warriors, and analysis, merchants interacted to create new cultural traditions. Previously unthinkable mixingsuch as a nobleman renowned for committee his calligraphy collaborating with a painter of humble originsled to some of the lancia prezzo great art of the Muromachi period. Warriors, including the Ashikaga shoguns, became important patrons of the arts. They hosted lavish parties at which the attendees participated in committee meeting invitation, linked verse poetry competitions or contests to distinguish among similar things ( monoawase ). Prezzo? Tea was also quite popular. Eisai, who founded an important Zen sect, is credited with having made tea popular in Japan. Committee Meeting Invitation? By the bridge fourteenth century, warriors were hosting tea parties in large banquet halls in order to display their prized Chinese tea implements. Merchants responded by favoring native Japanese wares. The grass-hut style of serving tea, which we associate with the tea ceremony, emerged in the fifteenth century.
It is attributed to Murata Shuk#333;, who may have served tea for Ashikaga Yoshimasa. He and other late medieval tea masters emphasized simplicity, humility, and self-awareness. Thesis Committee Meeting? Properly serving tea demanded discipline and offered spiritual fulfillment, resembling Zen practices. People began to speak of a Way of Tea. The most famous master, Sen no Riky#363;, came from tagalog research a merchant family but taught tea to the great warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Riky#363; served tea in a small, rustic hut. Thesis Meeting? The entranceway was purposefully tiny so that everyone, regardless of status, had to crawl inside. All participants were required to prepare and serve the tea. Riky#363;’s student, however, saw things differently. Eager to research paper, display his wealth and power, Hideyoshi had his own tea hut gilded in committee, gold. Noh theater was another new cultural tradition that benefited from samurai patronage. It drew upon many performing traditions, including court comics and peasant farm songs.
In the late fourteenth century, Kan’ami’s troupe attracted the notice of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. Kan’ami and literary analysis, his son, Ze’ami, became two of Noh’s most important playwrights. Noh performances incorporate spoken dialogue, dancing, and committee, music. Few props are used. An actor might simply state that he is research paper leaving for a long journey and, with a few stamps of his feet, quickly announce that he has arrived. The plays generally illustrate such Buddhist themes as the dangers of pride or lingering attachment. Committee? The main character might be a once-beautiful old woman who cannot forget her youth, or the ghost of thesis prezzo a warrior who cannot let go of his military glory. Other plays centered on Buddhist priests overcoming demons. Often several plays were performed over the course of a full day, with short comic pieces called ky#333;gen staged between the major Noh plays. The Medieval Japanese Economy.
The Japanese enjoyed a growing economy during the medieval period. Markets began to develop around the country. These were often at crossroads or near rivers so that sellers could easily bring their goods to the markets. They also were often located near temples in hopes of avoiding interference from political or military figures. In the committee Kamakura period, markets met infrequently.
For example, they might be opened only on days ending in fours (i.e., the research science 4th, 14th, and 24th of the month) or another number. But over time, markets became increasingly common and were open on more days of the month. Improvements in agriculture also contributed to the expanding economy. New strains of rice better resisted drought and disease. Improved fertilizers allowed double cropping of fields, and better irrigation techniques helped farmers produce more. In addition, the spread of metallic money made it easier for estates to sell extra produce in the marketplaces. Starting in the twelfth century, Japanese began importing copper-alloy coins from thesis committee meeting invitation China.
The round coins had square holes in the middle so they could be strung together in units of 1,000 for large purchases. Metallic money had several advantages over rice, silk, or other goods the Japanese used as money in Heian times. Coins were easier to transport, more durable, and rarely led to disputes over quality. By the Muromachi period, most urban residents used coins. Even many rural estates paid their taxes in cash. The Ashikaga shoguns’ desire for more coins played an important role in the re-opening of formal relations with China in the fifteenth century. The Muromachi bakufu , and later several major temples and daimy#333; , sent merchant ships to China in hopes of obtaining copper coins. Paper? In exchange, the Japanese sold raw materials including lumber and sulfur, some finished art objects such as lacquerware, and thesis committee meeting invitation, swords and armor. Chinese officials regulated the thesis trade by requiring Japanese boats to carry government-issued tallies; merchant vessels without the tallies were turned away from thesis committee meeting Chinese ports.
On the whole, merchants did well during the thesis prezzo medieval period. The breakdown in thesis committee meeting, central authority may have reduced the power of political authorities to tax and regulate them. In some cases, such as the city of Sakai, merchants were able to form their own communities and even enjoy a limited form of self-government. Women’s Status in Medieval Japan. Over the course of the medieval period, women seem to have lost many rights.
In ancient times, women served as rulers. By the analysis essay of frankenstein Heian period, women had few official roles in government, but aristocratic women were educated, could own and manage property, and could choose their own heirs. Married couples often lived at the home of the wife’s family or maintained two residences; the wife’s family usually helped raise the children. Female writers of the Heian period created some of pre-modern Japan’s greatest works of prose and poetry. But conditions gradually began to change. In the early Kamakura period, women of samurai families held jit#333; posts.
As violence became more common, however, women were no longer allowed to hold warrior posts or manage their own property. And as land became increasingly difficult to acquire, families began bequeathing property to only one heir, usually the eldest son. Married women were expected to join the family of their husbands. Lady Nij#333;’s memoir from the thesis committee early fourteenth century is one of the last important literary works by a woman of the medieval period. Not even Buddhism offered much hope, since most Buddhist sects taught that women faced more obstacles to bridge to wisemans essay, enlightenment than men. By the end of the medieval period, women retained almost none of the rights they had enjoyed earlier. The #332;nin War and the Age of Warring States.
From 1467 to 1477, rival coalitions of powerful samurai fought in a protracted conflict known as the #332;nin War. The violence began when leading shugo families supported different candidates to succeed Yoshimasa as shogun (as well as for some other important posts). The violence centered on Kyoto, and much of the city was destroyed during the war. After some time, the issues became irrelevant, as seen by leading warrior families on each side switching to support other candidates. Yoshimasa felt that the shugo were beyond his control and, rather than make serious efforts to stop the conflict, he retired to his villa to enjoy the invitation arts. The war solved nothing and left all central government institutions extremely weak.
By the late fifteenth century, the shogun had little real power outside of the central Japanese provinces that he directly controlled. The last century of the Muromachi period, from the #332;nin War to 1573, is known as the Age of Warring States. During this time, provincial and regional warlords known as daimy#333; dominated Japan. Some daimy#333; families had formerly been shugo , others had been lieutenants or deputies, and some were truly self-made men who had risen through the to wisemans ranks. These new warlords differed from shugo in committee meeting invitation, that they did not owe anything to the shogun or emperor.
During the Warring States period, warlords could only claim authority over lands they could actually defend. They had to be continually vigilant against their neighbors as well as their subordinates. The age is sometimes characterized by the term gekokuj#333; , which means the lower replacing the higher (or those of humble origins replacing their superiors). This period, perhaps more than any other, seemed to resemble the feudalism of medieval Europe. Central authority was weak and divided, men survived by strength of arms, and warlords rewarded loyal samurai with appointments and lands. Portuguese sailors blown off course in the mid-sixteenth century were the science first Europeans to thesis, set foot in Japan. The Spanish soon followed, and eventually the Dutch and analysis, the British found their way to Japan too. European merchants established a flourishing trade by buying and selling goods amongst the various Asian nations. Missionaries also came to Japan, hoping to convert the Japanese to Christianity.
They enjoyed some success in the southwestern island of Ky#363;sh#363;, where a few daimy#333; became Catholic and ordered those living in their domains to convert as well. Thesis Committee Invitation? The Europeans were strange curiosities to the Japanese, and folding-screens of themknown as namban by#333;bu show them as Japanese artists saw them, with balloon pants, high frill collars, long noses, and research, people of color attending them as slaves. Christianity did not last in Japan. Opposition by Hideyoshi and Ieyasu (see below) led to the persecution and thesis committee meeting invitation, elimination of most Christians by the early seventeenth century. But the Europeans did affect Japanese society. First, they introduced new shipbuilding techniques, firearms, eyeglasses, mechanical clocks, and other devices. Second, Europe’s existence forced the essay effects Japanese to change their view of the world. Maps from the time reflect the shift from seeing a world including only thesis Japan, China, and India to seeing one extending far beyond Asia. Third, interest in that world led Japanese merchants to begin trading in Southeast Asia. Bridge To Wisemans? Some Japanese even emigrated, establishing communities in the Philippines, Cambodia, Siam (Thailand), and committee, Annam (Vietnam).
From Medieval to Early Modern Japan. Three warlords succeeded in bridge to wisemans essay, unifying the country and bringing an end to committee meeting, the violence of the Warring States period. They are often referred to as the “three unifiers”Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and paper science, Tokugawa Ieyasu. Nobunaga ruled a small domain in central Japan, but his brilliance as a strategist enabled him to thesis committee invitation, defeat much larger armies. He was the first warlord to successfully use firearms to win a battle. His innovations in analysis of frankenstein, castle development also led to the emergence of grand Japanese castles, with stone ramparts, donjons (central structures), and thesis committee meeting invitation, more. In 1573 he took Kyoto but kicked out the last Ashikaga shogun, bringing the Muromachi bakufu to an inglorious end. Paper Research Science? Many believe that only Nobunaga’s assassination at the hands of a vassal in 1582 kept him from bringing the whole country under his rule. Hideyoshi came from a peasant family, but rose through the ranks to become one of thesis meeting invitation Nobunaga’s top generals.
He avenged his lord’s death and finished the job of unifying the country. However, Hideyoshi did not succeed through force alone. He used marriage alliances, political treaties, and other means to secure his position and bring peace to the country. Many of tagalog his policies paved the committee invitation way for essay change and its in nepal early modern growth and stability. For example, he carried out new land surveys so that proper rates of taxation could be determined.
He also ordered all peasants to turn over thesis committee meeting their weapons, creating for the first time a sharp distinction between warriors and farmers. In his later years, Hideyoshi set out to conquer China. When the King of Korea refused to essay and its effects in nepal, help him, Hideyoshi sent armies of samurai to invade Korea. Meeting? The result was the devastation of the Korean peninsula. The Japanese invasion was only called off upon Hideyoshi’s death in 1598. Ieyasu had been allied with each of the two previous unifiers, but his patience (and long life!) clearly proved a great asset. In 1600 he maneuvered warlords loyal to Hideyoshi’s young son into a major battle at Sekigahara. Ieyasu’s forces won that battle, making him the thesis prezzo most powerful daimy#333; in committee meeting, Japan. In 1603 he was proclaimed shogun and established the last of Japan’s major warrior governments, the Tokugawa (or Edo) bakufu . Bridge? The unifiers’ policies, and the peace that followed in the seventeenth century, led to profound changes in meeting, Japanese society and the start of what most scholars refer to as the early modern period. Copyright 2008 Program for Teaching East Asia, University of Colorado. Tagalog Research? Permission is committee given to reproduce this essay for fair paper research science classroom use only.
Other reproduction is prohibited without written permission from the Program for Teaching East Asia.