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Dostoevsky Papers - Middlebury College

LaTeX-Kompendium: Zitieren mit BibTeX. Essay Topics. Eine gute Moglichkeit, Zitate einzufugen und zu formatieren, ist BibTeX ( B I B T E X !T!_ !X ). Essay. Dieses Programm erlaubt es, aus einer Datenbank an Eintragen (entries) verschiedener Typen (Entry types, z. B. Essay Topics. Artikel, Bucher, Konferenzbande) die fur den aktuellen Text benotigten herauszusuchen (indem man sie zitiert) und sie - bei Bedarf sortiert (z.B. nach dem Autor oder dem Alphabet) - an 5 paragraph einer gewunschten Stelle auszugeben. Essay. Dazu benotigt es eine Datenbank, einen Stil und naturlich Zitate im Text. Signing Duress. Ein einfaches Beispiel der Einbindung wurde wie folgt aussehen: Fur dieses Beispiel musste im gleichen Verzeichnis eine Datei lit.bib mit dem Eintrag meier99 vorhanden sein, siehe dazu unten. Dostoevsky. Die Quellen werden in einem bestimmten Format in eine (oder auch mehrere) Dateien gespeichert, wobei es auch Programme gibt, welche dies erledigen. Thesis Assignment Model. Jede Quelle hat einen eindeutigen Schlussel (den BibTeX-Key), welcher fur das Zitat verwendet wird.

Im obigen Beispiel ist meier99 ein solcher Schlussel. Der cite-Befehl, von dem es weitere Abwandlungen, vor allem mit natbib gibt, zitiert an der entsprechenden Stelle, das Zitat wird bei der Ausgabe je nach Stil ausgegeben. Dostoevsky Topics. Der Befehl bibliography bindet eine Literaturdatenbank (in diesem Fall lit.bib) ein, und erstellt das Literaturverzeichnis. Sur La Dans Le Monde. Direkt danach muss noch der Stil dieses Verzeichnisses durch bibliographystyle definiert werden. Essay. Das Verzeichnis wird je nach Dokumentenklasse als section oder chapter eingefugt (und zwar mit Stern, d.h. Write Essay. das Literaturverzeichnis wird normalerweise nicht in topics das Inhaltsverzeichnis aufgenommen und nicht mitnummeriert). Literaturtypen (Entry types) Bearbeiten. Signing Termination Under Duress. Fur jeden Typ von BibTeX-Eintrag gibt es Pflichteintrage und zusatzliche Attribute. Dostoevsky Essay. Ohne die notwendigen Pflichteintrage wird die Bibliografie nicht fehlerfrei kompiliert. Usc Creative Writing. Verpflichtend ist die Referenz fur den Eintrag, die beliebig - aber moglichst eindeutig - gewahlt werden kann.

Ein Beispiel: Auf diese Referenz kann dann im Text mit. verwiesen werden. Dostoevsky. Seitenzahlen werden in eckige Klammern gesetzt und so ausgegeben wie eingetragen: Will man ein f. oder ein ff. Dissertation Alimentaire Dans Le Monde. fur folgende, bzw. Essay Topics. fortfolgende mit angeben, geschieht dies mit psq, bzw. Duress. psqq: Notwendige Felder: author oder editor, title, publisher, year. Dostoevsky Essay Topics. Optionale Felder: volume oder number, series, address, edition, month, note, isbn. Writing Rates. Konferenzbande und Sammelwerke Bearbeiten. Dostoevsky Essay. Notwendige Felder: title, year. Optionale Felder: editor, volume oder number, series, address, month, organization, publisher, note. 5 Paragraph. Das Hauptwerk wird zu einem Eintrag: Die Eintrage bekommen zusatzlich jeder fur sich einen Bib-Eintrag.

Diese sollten - bei getrennten Bib-Files pro essay topics Werk - ebenfalls in der Datei des Hauptwerkes verzeichnet sein. Termination. Notwendige Felder: author, title, booktitle, year. Dostoevsky. Optionale Felder: editor, volume oder number, series, pages, address, month, organization, publisher, note. Notwendige Felder: keine. Securite Alimentaire Dans Le Monde. Optionale Felder: author, title, howpublished, month, year, note. Essay Topics. Trotz vielfaltiger Gestaltungsmoglichkeiten, unter anderem mit dem Befehl custombib, der die Festlegung einzelner Merkmale eines eigenen Bibliographiestils ermoglicht, gibt es verstandlicherweise nicht fur jede Anforderung einen vordefinierten Bibliographiestil. Wenngleich viele Stile Optionen zur Anpassung an attention die eigenen Bedurfnisse bieten, kommt man in manchen Situationen nicht um das Erstellen eigener Styles herum. Das Erlernen der postfix-Notation, in dostoevsky topics der Bibtex-Stile programmiert werden, gilt jedoch als sehr schwierig, selbst das Verandern bereits bestehender Stile ist nicht ohne weiteres moglich. Eine Losung fur dieses Dilemma bietet BibLaTeX. Writing Phd Acceptance. Bibliographie-Stile fur BibLaTeX werden in dostoevsky essay LaTeX programmiert, was die Erstellung eigener und Veranderung bestehender Stile fur LaTeX-Konner deutlich vereinfacht.

BibTeX passt je nach eingestelltem Stil das Format an. 5 Paragraph Organizer Printable. Meistens ist dies ganz praktisch, in seltenen Fallen treten aber Missverstandnisse auf und nicht das gewunschte Ergebnis entsteht. Dostoevsky Topics. Wenn der Autor einen Doppelnamen hat oder eine Organisation ist, kann es bei einigen Stilen passieren, dass der Name nicht richtig ausgegeben wird. So erstellt BibTex beispielsweise aus dem Autor World Health Organization die Ausgabe Organization, W.H. Dieses Problem kann gelost werden, indem der Name in getter geschweifte Klammern geschrieben wird: . Im Quellcode werden doppelte Klammern verwendet: AUTHOR = Wenn der Titel aus mehreren Wortern besteht, und BibTeX diese nicht korrekt erkennt, kann es vorkommen, dass Worter, die eigentlich gro?geschrieben sein sollten, im Literaturverzeichnis kleingeschrieben sind. Dies lasst sich auch mit geschweiften Klammern losen. Dostoevsky Essay Topics. Auch hier werden wieder doppelte geschweifte Klammern verwendet: TITLE = . Alternativ kann auch der Stil gerplain (d.h. bibliographystyle ) oder dinat verwendet werden. On Not Lowering. Hier erhalten die Literaturangaben auch eine etwas andere Gestaltung (die Autoren werden z.B. in dostoevsky essay topics Kapitalchen, der Titel kursiv gesetzt). Damit das Literatur-Verzeichnis und etwaige Verweise darauf beim Betrachten der DVI-Datei korrekt angezeigt werden, muss die LaTeX-Quelle (und zwar das TeX-Dokument, in das die Literaturdatenbank eingebunden wird, nicht die Bib-Datei selbst!) mehrfach kompiliert werden: Erst mit Hilfe des Latex-Compilers, dann mit dem BibTex-Compiler, anschlie?end muss zweimal der LaTeX-Compiler angewandt werden, siehe auch Ende des Artikels.

Die Darstellung der Zitate und des Literaturverzeichnisses wird uber eine Datei mit der Endung .sty definiert. Decision. Es gibt eine Vielzahl von vorgefertigten Formaten, von denen viele auch in dostoevsky essay den gangigen LaTeX-Distributionen enthalten sind (Beispiel-Styles). Thesis Impact Decision. Speziell fur den deutschen Sprachraum und Zitate nach der Norm DIN 1505 gibt es ein eigenes Paket mit einem passenden Stil ( natdin ), welches eingebunden werden kann, und zusatzlich weitere Beispiele, wie zum Beispiel das Paket jurabib und weitere. Bestimmt wird der Stil uber den Befehl bibliographystyle direkt nach dem bibliography -Befehl. Dostoevsky. Zuerst erstellen wir eine beispielhafte BibTeX-Datei, hier verzeichnis1.bib: sowie die dazugehorige LaTeX-Datei bibspiel1.tex: und Kompilieren mit: das Ergebnis bibspiel1.dvi kann jetzt mit einem DVI-Betrachter angezeigt werden. Writing Phd Acceptance. Der Literaturgenerator macht es moglich, schnell und einfach BibTeX-Eintrage zu erstellen. Essay. Es reicht den Titel des Buches in dissertation alimentaire dans le monde das Suchfeld einzutragen. Dostoevsky Essay. Die meisten Bibliothekskataloge konnen mittlerweile BibTeX exportieren (ggf. Phd Acceptance. nach Citavi). Dostoevsky Essay Topics. Hiermit konnen komplette Datensatze in die BibTeX-Datenbank ubernommen werden. Organizer Printable. Mit dem Webtool Lead2Amazon ist es moglich, BibTeX-Eintrage fur Bucher, die bei Amazon erhaltlich sind, automatisch zu generieren.

In das Suchfeld muss dabei lediglich die ISBN eingetragen werden. Dostoevsky Essay Topics. Mit dem Literaturverwaltungsprogramm zotero lassen sich auch bibtex-Dateien exportieren. Mendeley ist ebenfalls ein sehr umfangreiches Literaturverwaltungsprogramm (als Desktop- oder Webversion), mit Hilfe dessen man auch bibtex-Dateien generieren kann: Zur Suche von fertigen BibTeX Eintragen bietet sich Google Scholar an:

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Dostoevsky Papers - Middlebury College

mary peeples resume Keynote Speaker: Carrie Boren Headington. The 196th Convention of the Diocese of Georgia will be held November 9-11 at The Patterson in Valdosta . The theme of the Convention: Fearless Faith, Boundless Love, serves as a prelude to the Revival which will be held January 20th at Honey Creek Retreat Center. The keynote speaker, Carrie Boren Headington will continue the work begun at last year’s Convention with Invite-Welcome-Connect as we discover how we share Fearless Faith and Boundless Love beyond the walls of our church: as individuals in dostoevsky topics, our daily lives and as parishes in our communities. She will walk delegates through key ways of developing an essays on not lowering the drinking 18, invitation strategy for their parish and every congregation will leave the Convention with clear next steps toward a plan for dostoevsky essay topics their church. Registration is now live and can be found by clicking here . Dissertation Sur La Securite? A discounted rate of $55 for registration is in dostoevsky essay, effect until October 4, regular registration of $65 runs October 5-November 1 and late registration of $75 begins November 2 and continue until November 7 when online registration closes. Thesis Model Decision? It will be possible to register in person at Convention and pay the late registration cost also.

See the Accommodations page for information on dostoevsky our block of rooms at the Hilton Garden Inn and termination papers duress, the Hampton Inn and Suites. A renovated turn-of-the-century S.H.Kress building, The Patterson is a new event space in downtown Valdosta. We will meet in convention close to the Episcopal Church of Christ the King . Essay? That congregation will bring their worship to The Patterson on the Friday evening of Convention, with a meal to follow. Thursday evening, we will worship together in an Evening Prayer liturgy at Christ Episcopal Church at 1521 North Patterson Street in Valdosta. The 196th Convention of the Diocese of Georgia will meet in the ballroom at The Patterson in downtown Valdosta, Georgia. First Person: Helping Through the Red Cross. Episcopal Relief Flows to Georgia Coast. “Healing a Hurting World,” the tagline for Episcopal Relief and Development will become a reality in the Diocese of Georgia with the award Thursday of a $15,000 immediate relief grant for families and 5 paragraph organizer printable, parishes in dostoevsky essay, the Diocese affected by Hurricane Irma. The Rev.

Charles Todd, Vicar and Hispanic Missioner at the Collegiate Church of St. Paul the Apostle in Savannah and a Diocesan Disaster Coordinator said, “As evacuees began returning to their homes, the Diocese quickly became aware of numerous families in our various communities who do not have the signing papers, means to handle the challenges of the coming days. The Diocese acted very quickly to secure the means to assist the most vulnerable among us and we are very grateful to Episcopal Relief and essay, Development for acting so quickly to approve our request and to support us in phd acceptance rates, our ministry.” Much as they did during Hurricane Matthew, funds will address needs such as helping provide funds for rental deposits for some displaced families prior to insurance claims; building supplies and essay topics, tools; moving supplies; food, clothing, bedding and gas. The connections that our parishes have in some of the sur la securite alimentaire le monde, poorest, most affected communities means that we can move quickly to address needs. Dostoevsky Essay Topics? Initial funds went out today to Epiphany Savannah, Christ Church St. Dissertation Alimentaire Le Monde? Marys, King of Peace Kingsland, and dostoevsky topics, St.

Mark’s Brunswick. We are also working with other churches to assess needs in their areas and will be disbursing more funds as needed in the coming days. “We’re thankful to Episcopal Relief and Development for their rapid response to our urgent need for funds to help those who have crucial needs in our communities,” said Bishop Scott Anson Benhase. “The funds they’ve provided, along with funds given locally, will allow us ‘love our neighbor’ in very concrete and practical ways. Love is an action verb, not merely a state of being. We’re striving to make our love active.” Christ Church Frederica has prepared for Hurricane Irma. With Hurricane Irma now moving toward Florida, here are the latest updates: With Chatham County still under a mandatory evacuation, The Diocese of Georgia’s new emergency phone number: which allows us to communicate quickly in an unfolding emergency such as Hurricane Irma.

This phone number is for anyone to send a text message or leave a voice message for Diocese of Georgia staff. Be sure to add this phone number to your phone contacts for easy access. Please text or call this number to let us know of: 1) Cancelled Sunday worship in securite alimentaire dans le monde, a congregation. 2) Post storm condition of buildings and grounds. 3) To give us the name, email, and mobile phone number of the person who will first check on the church property.

4) Any other emergency communications for essay topics the staff. Cancelled Sunday Worship. The following congregations have cancelled their worship services for Sunday, September 10 due to evacuation orders in their area: Christ Church, Savannah. St.

Francis of the Islands, Savannah. St. George’s, Savannah. St. Attention Getter? Richard’s, Jekyll Island. If you would like to help with disaster relief in essay topics, the Caribbean and other areas that may be affected by the storm, as well as those impacted by Hurricane Harvey, please visit Episcopal Relief and Development and thesis impact assignment model, make a donation. Almighty God, who calmed the storm tossing the disciples’ boat, calm the fears that beset us as we await Hurricane Irma: Grant us the peace that comes from you alone as we sit with the essay, uncertainty of evacuation and in fear of damage to our homes and usc creative, our communities, draw us ever closer to you, and give us the grace to comfort and dostoevsky essay, aid others in need; through Jesus Christ your Son our Lord. Amen. O God, our heavenly Father, whose glory fills the whole creation, and whose presence we find wherever we go: Preserve those who travel during the dissertation sur la securite le monde, storm; surround them with your loving care; protect them from every danger; and bring them in essay, safety to their journey’s end; through Jesus Christ out dissertation dans le monde, Lord. Amen.

The Book of Common Prayer. A Statement on dostoevsky topics the Events in Charlottesville. We watched with horror the events of the weekend unfold in Charlottesville. As White Supremacists, Neo-Nazis, the writing, KKK, and others with similar ideologies committed murder and other atrocities, many of those did so while at the same time professing to be Christians. As clergy in the Episcopal Church, we proclaim clearly and with certainty that they do not represent Christ or Christianity. Jesus said the first and greatest commandment is to love God with all our heart and soul and mind and to dostoevsky essay topics love our neighbors as ourselves. Over the last few days we saw in Charlottesville our failure to follow those commandments.

As the clergy of Episcopal Churches of Savannah, we re-affirm our desire to follow the life and teaching of Jesus Christ. In so doing, we are clear in our conviction that the overt racism, raw hatred, and horrific violence that we saw this weekend is contrary to all that he taught and did. We pray for Heather Heyer and essays on not lowering the drinking 18, her family, for Jay Cullen and Berke Bates, and all those physically or spiritually harmed. We repent of our own complicity in essay topics, the structures of our society that allow or support these behaviors and for our silence when we have lacked the will or courage to speak out. We pray also, as Jesus taught us, for the perpetrators, for James Fields, and for all those wielding the write, words and weapons of hatred and bigotry. We pray God’s blessing on them, and pray for their own repentance. White Supremacy, bigotry, racism are all sins, egregious ones. They deny the humanity of those at whom they are directed and destroy the humanity of those who follow these ideologies. They are contrary to the teachings of Jesus, and they grieve the heart of God. Dostoevsky Essay? While we recognize these attitudes and actions as evil, we also recognize those who displayed them this weekend are, even so, created in the image of signing duress, God and are in the same need of essay, repentance and redemption as we are.

We commit ourselves again to assignment the vows we made in our baptism and in our ordination – to dostoevsky topics seek and serve Christ in all places, to persevere in resisting evil, to 5 paragraph organizer proclaim by Word and Example and the Good News of God in topics, Christ. We call upon all the faithful likewise to commit themselves to prayer and repentance for the things that have been done and for those things that we have left undone. O God, you made us in 5 paragraph organizer, your own image and redeemed us through Jesus your Son: Look with compassion on the whole human family; take away the arrogance and hatred which infect our hearts; break down the walls that separate us; unite us in bonds of love; and dostoevsky, work through our struggle and confusion to accomplish your purposes on earth; that, in your good time, all nations and races may serve you in harmony around your heavenly throne; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. The Rt. Rev. Scott A. Benhase. Bishop of Georgia. The Rev.

Canon Frank Logue. Canon to the Ordinary (Assistant to the Bishop) The Very Rev. Dr. William Willoughby III. The Collegiate Church of St. Paul the Apostle, Savannah. The Rev. Termination Papers Under? Charles Todd.

The Collegiate Church of St. Paul the Apostle, Savannah. The Rev. Michael S. White, Christ Church, Savannah. The Rev. Liam G. Collins, Christ Church, Savannah. The Rev. Helen S. White, Christ Church, Savannah.

The Rev. Kelly Steele. Church of the Epiphany, Savannah. The Rev. Hunt Priest. St. Peter’s Episcopal Church, Savannah. The Rev. Dostoevsky? James Parker. St. George’s Episcopal Church, Savannah.

The Rev. Denise M. Thesis Impact Assignment Model Decision? Ronn, Ph.D. St. Philip’s Episcopal Church, Hinesville. The Rev. June Johnson. All Saints’ Episcopal Church, Tybee Island. The Rev. R. Kevin Kelly. St. Dostoevsky Topics? Michael and All Angels Episcopal Church, Savannah.

The Rev. Lauren Flowers Byrd. St. 5 Paragraph Organizer Printable? Francis of the dostoevsky essay, Islands, Savannah. The Rev. Guillermo A. Write Getter? Arboleda. St. Matthew’s Episcopal Church, Savannah. The Rev. David Rose.

Register for Revival: Fearless Faith, Boundless Love. Revival: Fearless Faith, Boundless Love is coming to the Georgia coast this September as Presiding Bishop Michael Curry visits the Diocese of Georgia. Find all of the dostoevsky essay topics, information and essays age to 18, register for the event at. The Revival worship will use the dostoevsky, propers for Deaconess Anna Alexander of essays lowering the drinking age to 18, Georgia (1865-1947) and displays, handouts, and essay, a video will tell the story of this Saint of Georgia. The last General Convention added the Deaconess to writing the observances in A Great Cloud of Witnesses. The next General Convention will act on a recommendation of the essay, Episcopal Church’s Joint Standing Commission on Liturgy and essays on not lowering the drinking 18, Music to add her feast day of September 24 to Lesser Feasts and Fasts. Dostoevsky Essay Topics? To find out more about Deaconess Alexander and the process for this saint of Georgia to receive recognition from the whole church, visit our Deaconess Alexander website.

Presiding Bishop Michael Curry. Known for his passionate preaching, the 27th Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church embraces his role as the 5 paragraph essay organizer printable, Chief Evangelism Officer for our church. A cradle Episcopalian who well knows we are “God’s Shy People,” he calls us not to go two-by-two with copies of Forward Day by essay topics, Day in usc creative writing rates, hand, but to fully embrace the love of God as found in Jesus. His preaching is not typical fear-based evangelism that dangles sinners over dostoevsky the flames of Hell, but a compelling call to love God, and love our neighbors as ourselves. This will be an event not to miss. Make sure to essays the drinking invite your co-workers and friends to join you. Stewardship Training in Every Convocation. “If Jesus came to essay topics visit your church, what would make him say ‘WOW?'” Answering that question gets at the heart of the stewardship training Bishop Benhase will bring to the diocese this fall. As he visits parishes, the bishop will partner with those who attended the Atlanta training in order to extend Project Resource 2.0 training to vestries and laypersons throughout the Diocese. While vestries should become involved in this training, any member of the printable, congregation may also take part in these three-hour sessions. “The Episcopal Church has designed this training to roll out efficiently to parishes,” said Bishop Benhase, “with print and digital resources that will teach the essentials for all sizes of parishes.

After training, each vestry can customize the scope of the program to their own context.” During the training last week, the Diocese of Georgia doubled the number of Project Resource Trainers. Bishop Scott Benhase; the essay topics, Rev. Joshua Varner of organizer printable, St. Patrick’s Pooler, the Rev. Dostoevsky Topics? Lonnie Lacy of St. Anne’s Tifton, and the Rev. Cynthia Taylor of Holy Comforter Martinez and Loretta Brandon, a lay representative from Trinity Statesboro, attended the training at All Saints, Atlanta. The three-day event trained teams representing 15 dioceses across the United States in the art and 18, science of raising money, raising people, and developing planning and communications that support these initiatives.

Project Resource 2.0 is a collaborative project created by the Episcopal Church Foundation, in partnership with The College for Bishops and The Development Office of the Episcopal Church. Dostoevsky Essay Topics? The aim of Project Resource is to change the culture of resource development in our Church to be more fruitful for God’s mission. This started in the Diocese of signing termination papers under duress, Georgia last fall when Bishop Benhase, Canon for Administration Katie Willoughby, Canon to the Ordinary Frank Logue, the Rev. Kelly Steele, and Dade Brantley, Executive Director of Honey Creek, attended the first Project Resource Training. Those who attended Project Resource 2.0 will join their co-horts in training both rectors and laypersons throughout the dostoevsky essay topics, Diocese of Georgia in the methods and best practices of stewardship, communications, and parish development. Once trained, members of parishes have the skills to impact assignment model decision build money, vision, and people–the three great resources of any church’s mission. Success in carrying out Project Resource 2.0 will require each parish to have both a clear external purpose in its programs and dostoevsky, a clear internal vision of its Christian faith. Purpose and vision, combined with increased congregational dialog and communication, will encourage success as Project Resource 2.0 is implemented. “One of the best questions I heard at phd acceptance rates Project Resource training is essay topics, this,” said Loretta Brandon, stewardship chair at Trinity Statesboro. Thesis Model? “If Jesus came to visit your church, what would make him say ‘WOW’?

Once you can answer that question, you’ll be ready for Project Resource 2.0.” St. George’s Savannah. Holy Comforter, Martinez. St. Mark’s Brunswick. Location to be announced. A Game Changing Summer Camp Season. For 89 years the Diocese of Georgia has sustained a summer camp program as a decidedly Episcopal camp experience. Honey Creek has been a place where campers have come to develop lifelong friendships, explore nature, and just be together, but worship also forms the dostoevsky essay, core of the camp sessions with daily morning and decision, evening prayer times as well as priests, deacons, and lay persons teaching about our faith in Jesus as a part of the camp day.

Summer Camp Director Thomas Greneker said, “This summer was a phenomenal success.” Getting at the difference, he added, “I have worked on a lot of topics, staffs in different capacities, but I have never worked with a unit that works so cohesively. I attribute all of on not lowering the drinking age to 18, that success to the spiritual formation that brought the camp staff together before the summer began.” During the staff training week prior to the first session, the Rev. Lonnie Lacy worked with the counselors to help them understand the dostoevsky topics, spiritual work of serving on the camp staff. Honey Creek Executive Director Dade Brantley also noticed the impact of that spiritual grounding, “We added the Rev. Lonnie Lacy as a Spiritual Director for the camp staff and that was a game changer.

He worked with them for a week in advance of the season and usc creative phd acceptance, checked back in during the year. The staff focused in each of dostoevsky topics, their team meetings on 5 paragraph organizer where they had seen Christ during the day.” Photo above, the Rev. Michael Chaney working with campers. This summer, 204 campers enjoyed a week of dostoevsky essay, Honey Creek Summer Camp. Five parents and six children also took part in usc creative phd acceptance, the parent and child camp which runs from Sunday to Tuesday the week of the camp for 3-5 graders. The feedback from campers and parents has been consistently positive this year. Brantley added, “I don’t like to talk in absolutes, but in dostoevsky, every aspect this has been the dissertation sur la securite alimentaire dans, best Summer Camp during my tenure.” At left, the Rev.

Lonnie Lacy and the camp staff are pictured at the dock during their liturgy blessing the camp grounds and dostoevsky, the dorms. At right, is the camp staff. Register for Vicki Schuster’s Retirement Party. For 17 years, Vicki Schuster has been the first voice you hear from the Diocese of Georgia and the face that greets visitors to the office. on August 31, 2017, Vicki will retire. On September 1 from 4:30-7 PM, Bishop Benhase and the diocesan staff will host a retirement party at The Charles H. Morris Center, 10 E Broad St, Savannah, GA 31401. Click here to register , so that we have a head count for the event. “Vicki has been the heart and soul of the usc creative phd acceptance rates, Diocesan office for 17 years,” said Bishop Scott Benhase. “Although her job title said ‘Staff Secretary and Diocesan Registrar’ she has served in some many intangible ways.” “Beyond her other work, Vicki has shepherded every deacon and priest ordained during her tenure on the staff,” said Canon to the Ordinary Frank Logue, “She tracks the paperwork for the ordination process and prays faithfully for those in her care. She will readily say ‘I love my Holy Orders people’ and dostoevsky topics, that love shows.” “For years Vicki’s voice on the other end of the phone–‘Diocese of Georgia, this is Vicki!’–has been such a source of comfort, kindness, and counsel to me,” said the Rev. Lonnie Lacy. “That was especially so back when she looked after me through the essays on not age to 18, many stages of the essay topics, ordination process, and sur la securite le monde, it continues to essay be true today.” A true native of the assignment, Hostess City, Vicki is a Telfair Baby, born in dostoevsky topics, the historic hospital.

Baptized in the Presbyterian Church, her family moved its membership early in termination papers under duress, her life. Bishop Albert Rhett Stuart confirmed her at the age of 12 in St. Essay? Thomas Isle of Hope in Savannah. A graduate of Jenkins High School, she married Ernest Schuster in a wedding ceremony at St. Thomas with a reception at signing St. John’s Savannah. Ernest was a lifelong Episcopalian who grew up at St. John’s and attended the dostoevsky essay topics, school at St. Michael and All Angels. The Schusters had three children-Allison, Meredith, and impact model decision, Ernie, and have three grandchildren Clair (10), Palmer (9), and Turner (7). Vicki transferred her membership to essay St.

Francis of the Islands on Savannah’s Wilmington Island in 1972 as the Diocese founded that new congregation. She started working for usc creative writing phd acceptance rates the church in the mid 1980s and continued as parish secretary through 2000 when she started working for the Diocese as staff secretary. Vicki said, “It has been a very rewarding and enlightening experience to essay topics work for signing termination papers under the church these 30 something years. I felt like I got to the top when I started working for the Diocese.” Bishop Benhase said, “If something needed doing, Vicki just did it and always with the most generous and unassuming spirit.” Lonnie Lacy added, “Her warmth and generous spirit have been a true gift.” “The light of the Diocese will be dimmer without the radiance of topics, Vicki’s energy and presence,” said Canon Katie Willoughby. “I am, and I know many others are, extremely fortunate to have worked with such an incredible and passionate Episcopalian.” Reflecting on her work for sur la le monde the Diocese, Vicki said, “I think of the Episcopal Church as a flock scattered in a hundred places. We take care of that flock.” She paused and added, “It has been a true blessing and one that I will treasure.” Register Now for Evangelism Training! In advance of the Presiding Bishop’s Revival coming to dostoevsky topics Honey Creek September 17th, some of the top people in the Episcopal Church who teach how to signing termination under duress share our faith are coming to the Diocese of Georgia June 24-25. The same 3-hour workshop will be repeated on the east and west sides of the Diocese, seeking to offer the workshops within 2 hours of every Episcopalian in the Diocese.

St. Peter’s Episcopal Church. 3 West Ridge Road, Savannah, GA 31411. 2411 Central Ave. N., Tifton, GA 31794. The Rev. Canon Stephanie Spellers is the Presiding Bishop’s Canon for Evangelism and essay, Reconciliation.

Also from the Episcopal Church staff will be Carrie Boren Headington, a Missioner Evangelist, and Jeremy Tackett , Digital Evangelist. They have developed engaging materials to challenge all of us, depending on the gifts God has given us, to impact assignment decision respond to a call we all share to spread the Good News of essay, Jesus in lowering the drinking 18, a variety of ways. The training will cover an array of ways, all true to our Episcopal way of being, in which we can share our faith with those we already know both in person and on social media. Think this training isn’t for you? Then you may be exactly who the dostoevsky topics, trainers want to talk to as they provide insights into how people without a gift for evangelism can still listen differently to those they love. 611 East Bay Street. Savannah, Georgia 31401-1296.

Phone (912) 236-4279. 611 East Bay Street. Savannah, Georgia 31401-1296. Phone (912) 236-4279. Click on the calendar image above to see the diocesan calendar of events.

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Crime and Punishment Thesis Statements and Essay Topics

Analysis of Haydn#8217;s String Quartet. Essay Topics. Analysis of on not age to 18 Haydn’s String Quartet: Op. 76, No. Essay. 4, in essays the drinking age to 18, B-flat Major “Sunrise” Haydn composed his Op. 74 quartets in the later years of his life between 1796 and dostoevsky essay topics, 1797 and it was the signing termination last of topics his completed string quartets. Under. The set of quartets were dedicated to dostoevsky topics the Hungarian Count Joseph Erdody and phd acceptance rates, were published in 1799.

It was said that this selection of quartets was one of his “most ambitious chamber works” with his attempt of dostoevsky essay topics “emphasizing thematic continuity, seamlessly and continually passing motifs from one instrument to another” 1. We will write a custom essay sample. on usc creative writing rates, Analysis of dostoevsky essay Haydn#8217;s String Quartet or any similar. topic specifically for you. The fourth of these quartets is nicknamed “Sunrise”. This is due to the exquisite rising theme heard in the first violin part at the beginning of the first movement from organizer bar one to bar four as seen in Figure 1. This movement is written in essay topics, sonata form, which was very common during this era of music. Thesis Impact Model Decision. The recapitulation runs from the beginning and ends in bar sixty-eight. Dostoevsky Topics. The development then occurs and lasts from on not lowering the drinking age to bar sixty-nine till bar 105. There is then a three bar transitional phrase back to the recapitulation from bar 105 to bar 107. Bar 108 is the beginning of the recapitulation and lasts till the essay topics rest of the movement. Although it could be said from bar 175 to the end could form a small coda. The exposition is full of many different motifs, although many of these motifs are very similar or could in fact be put together to form a longer motif.

The first motif to appear in the exposition would be the melody in the first violin part that starts on signing papers under duress, the last crotchet beat of bar one. The main motif within this melody would be bar three with the dotted crotched followed by essay the five quavers as seen as motif ‘x’ in phd acceptance, Figure 1. Another motif that could be identified within this melody, which is only ever so slightly different to the first motif mentioned, would be bar two. The only difference between this motif and the earlier mentioned motif is the added grace note after the dotted. Page 2 Analysis of Haydn#8217;s String Quartet Essay. crotchet and quaver as you can see in Figure 1. One of the main reasons why I believe both these motifs should be identified as both these motifs appear later on in the movement. The next motif that occurs in this movement would be from dostoevsky essay topics bar five to bar six, which is labelled as ‘z’ in Figure 1. This is formed up of three crotchets with a crotchet rest between each of the notes. Bars seven to twelve is a repetition of the signing papers under duress first six bars but as a dominant response and therefore has all the same motifs as before. In bar fourteen the essay viola part plays the usc creative writing phd acceptance rates motif ‘x’ for two bars, before the first violin plays the second motif for the next six bars starting from bar sixteen. This then leads us in to topics a new section, which is more aggressive and lively in its nature. In Figure 2 we can see the termination duress new section start in bar twenty-two and there are two very important points/motifs to be observed. The first one would be the bracketed four semiquavers phrase in dostoevsky, the first violin part.

This is because if you were to compare this to motif ‘y’ in model decision, Figure 1 they are actually the same notes and Haydn uses rhythmic diminution and turned them from quavers to semiquavers. A similar observation can be made with the dostoevsky essay topics highlighted phrase in the second violin and viola part in Figure 2. This is due to the fact you can compare these phrase to motif ‘z’ in Figure 1. Once again rhythmic diminution has occurred and the note values have halved in length in addition to the disappearance of the rests between the notes. This shows that even though Haydn as started a new section he was still trying to connect it with the signing under previous section. The section continues with the combination of the semiquaver and quaver motifs. It is also important to point out that from bar twenty to bar thirty-four there is a nonstop continuation of semiquavers which are passed about between each part.

This then brings us to another new section within the exposition, which is very similar to the first section. As you can see in Figure 3 the cello part is now playing the sunrise theme and this time is formed up of motif ‘x’. All the parts in bars forty-four and forty-five then play motif ‘x’ before it changes and develops slightly in bar forty-six. Instead of the dotted crotchet followed by a quaver phrase, it has now been modified to dostoevsky essay become a quaver then a crotchet followed by a quaver as seen in Figure 4. Haydn most likely did this to emphasise the forzando he wrote on the first quaver of the bar. Bar sixty shows the introduction of dissertation sur la alimentaire dans le monde one last new motif in the exposition.

It is first heard in all the parts halfway through bar sixty and is made up of four quavers with a quaver rest between each of the notes. Sometimes this motif starts on the beat or off the beat and in some occasions during this movement both the on the beat and off the beat motifs are played together creating the sense that continuous quavers are being played, this first occurs at bar sixty, another example of when this occurs can be seen later in the development. This concludes all of the dostoevsky topics motifs that appear in the exposition. The development starts very similarly to signing termination papers under duress the exposition with the first violin part once again playing the sunrise theme with the only differences being the distribution of the motifs ‘x’ and ‘y’ (The opening sunrise theme of the exposition was in the order of motif ‘y-x-x’ then ‘x-x-y’ compared to the opening sunrise theme of the development which is ‘y-y-x’ then ‘x-x-x-x’) and the fact the second melodic phrase of the sunrise theme is one bar longer. The development then continues again similarly to essay topics the exposition with the combined use of the rhythmically diminished motif ‘z’ and the continuous semiquavers. Bar ninety-one displays the reintroduction of the essay attention getter four quaver motif that first appeared in bar sixty. It also appears in bar 100, which can be observed in Figure 5. Figure 5 also shows us another motif that has appeared which first appears in bar ninety-eight in the second violin and viola parts.

This motif is formed up of essay topics five quavers followed by a quavers rest and another quaver. This motif is first heard in bar sixty and sixty-two, but it is not until bar ninety-eight where it stands out and further develops. 5 Paragraph Essay Organizer Printable. The first variation of this motif can be seen in Figure 5 in dostoevsky, bar ninety-nine in sur la alimentaire dans, the first violin part. The first of the five quavers has been removed and the last of the five quavers has been delayed by a quaver rest in front of dostoevsky topics it, which in itself delays the next quaver. This means the 5 paragraph essay printable last two quavers of the motif is on off beats.

The next variation of the motif is in bar 104 in both the second violin part and dostoevsky essay topics, the viola part. Essays Lowering The Drinking. Similar to the first violin variation the first of the essay five quavers has been removed but the rest of the motif is without any change. This is the last motif before returning back to the recapitulation. As expected the recapitulation has the reinstatement of the sur la securite le monde sunrise theme, which therefore includes the reintroduction of dostoevsky essay motif ‘x’, ‘y’ and ‘z’. There does not seem to be any new motifs that appear in this section as expected due to the fact this section is thesis assignment model, very close to a repetition of the exposition. The movement finishes with the four quaver motif and motif ‘z’ as seen in Figure 6. The movement as a whole is written in the key of B flat major. The exposition starts of with a strong tonic chord pedal held by the second violin, viola and cello part with the first violin playing the sunrise melody as seen in Figure 1. Bar seven is the same textually as bar one but the second violin, viola and cello part are now holding a dominant seventh chord whilst the dostoevsky essay first violin plays the sunrise melody.

The opening twelve bars of the movement forms the presentation for the sentence set up with bars one to bar six forming up the basic idea with bar seven to bar twelve creating the dominant response. Bar thirteen to bar twenty-two shows an increase in harmonic rhythm during the continuation phrase and shows at least a change in harmonic structure every bar which leads to the cadential passage that ends on the first beat of bar twenty-two. It could be argued that the opening phrase is a period with bar one to bar four forming up the basic idea and bar five and bar six forming up the contrasting idea but due to the lack of ornamentation when the basic idea is repeated it is more likely it is a sentence. It may also be important to mention the marking Haydn wrote at the beginning of this piece ‘Allegro con spirito’. Up until bar twenty-one Haydn seems to writing rates contradict himself to what he has written and topics, it is not until bar twenty-two where this marking starts to make sense with the bundle of semiquavers and staccato quavers. In bar twenty-seven it is important to note that the key has now shifted to the relative minor, G minor, which is emphasised by the F sharp that is played in the first violin part. It then leads in to C major in bar thirty-two before returning to the dominant of the tonic, F major at signing termination under duress, bar thirty-seven.

Bar thirty-seven has the F major chord held by the First and second violin and viola with the cello playing the sunrise theme. Similarly to the opening bar forty has a C major seventh held by the first and second violin and viola which is the dominant seventh of F major. There is then a change in mode at bar forty-four where it changes from F major to F minor. It continues in F minor until bar fifty where it returns to the dominant of F, C major. The exposition then returns back to F major and finishes in the dominant of the tonic key. The dominant starts with a D minor chord, which is the relative minor of dostoevsky essay F major, held by the second violin, viola and cello whilst the first violin plays the sunrise theme. The next chord to be held by impact assignment decision the lower parts at bar seventy-five is not the topics dominant of the first phrase as we have heard before but is in fact an under duress F sharp diminished chord, which is the first indicator that the piece is starting to develop and topics, explore other unusual keys. The F sharp diminished chord resolves up to a G minor chord in impact assignment model, bar eighty where the bundle of semiquavers and staccato quavers phrases appears again.

It remains in G minor for the next few bars before modulating to E flat major in bar eighty-six. This only last for two bars before modulating once again to F minor for one bar and essay, modulates in the next bar to F sharp diminished before returning once again to G minor in bar ninety. Impact Assignment Model. The development remains in this key until the dostoevsky essay topics subtle retransition, which suits the movement in general, where it ends up with a dominant seventh chord in write attention, the tonic, B flat major. The recapitulation starts as the same as the opening of the exposition with a tonic chord held by the lower parts with the first violin playing the sunrise theme. Likewise the next four bar phrase has the essay lower parts suspending a dominant seventh chord with the first violin part playing the sunrise theme. After another brief encounter with the energetic and boisterous phrase the sunrise theme returns again in bar 142 in the cello part with the upper parts holding a tonic chord. Four bars later the sunrise theme is passed on to the viola with the other parts holding a dominant seventh chord. Another four bars later and this time the sunrise theme is passed on to the second violin with the rest of the parts holding a D diminished chord and it is not until bar 162 where the essays on not lowering the drinking age to 18 tonic is suitably established again.

The tonic is dostoevsky essay, continued through the piece until the fermata bar is signing termination under, reached at bar 174 where all the parts hold a B flat seventh chord. Topics. This is then followed by assignment model decision a E flat major chord which goes in to an E diminished seventh chord in bar 177 followed by an F dominant seventh in bar 179 before establishing the tonic one last time in bar 181. To emphasise that the movement is in B flat major all of the parts play a progression of topics B flat major tonic chords in the last three bars. After listening to and analysing this quartet it is no wonder that music historian Charles Burney praised them as #8220;full of invention, fire, good taste and new effects#8221;. Usc Creative Rates. This is probably thanks to the fact Haydn had now returned to Vienna from England and essay topics, was liberated from his previous job and was therefore was able to write what he wanted to writing phd acceptance rates the way he wanted to leading to the creation of this quartet.

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Essay on crime and punishment by fyodor dostoevsky: cifpcarlos3 es

essay eyes wide shut Here we are, ten years after the release of Stanley Kubrick's final film (and, of course, his death). I feel I'm at a point with Eyes Wide Shut where it's virtually impossible for me to have an honest opinion of the film anymore. Essay Topics? I've watched it and analyzed it, in essay attention, part, at least 100 times, mostly for essay topics, the writing of the 2002 essay below (there's plenty I've left out essay organizer -- kisses, alcohol vs. Topics? coffee, etc.) -- plus I've read countless articles about its creation, spoken to phd acceptance, Todd Field about rehearsals and camera placement, and I even interviewed SK's longtime collaborator Leon Vitali. I believe that EWS is the one film he made just for himself. He didn't appear to essay topics, be trying to impress anybody, just creating a personal work of art he'd been planning for 5 paragraph organizer printable, 30 years -- filling it with subtle references to his own life. Ultimately, EWS is a fascinating film to study, but that study comes with caveats. We know for a fact that although the picture edit was left untouched at the time of dostoevsky essay his death, the released film was not his final cut but the cut until that point -- as well, a wide variety of post procedures from sound to color-correction were completed based on notes and the assumptions of his intimates. So the master of ambiguity, making a film that's entirely about ambiguity, has left us with a real life puzzle: we'll never know what the final version of his final film might've been, and we're left to sift through the pieces.

When Eyes Wide Shut opened on July 16, 1999, it was mostly greeted with the same reaction that all of Stanley Kubrick’s films had received: polar opinions followed by discussion. Like those other films, once the controversy faded and alimentaire dans le monde, it became available for essay, dissection via video, its reputation slowly grew to usc creative, the point where the initial reactions were rendered irrelevant. Part of the initial problem for many of the film’s viewers was that Kubrick had made so few films in the last two decades of his life. During this time, the world of film had been significantly augmented by three developments: home video, CGI and the rise of the blockbuster above all else. For myself, and an entire generation, we grew up watching Kubrick’s films on a TV screen. Although I did see Full Metal Jacket during its original run in theaters at topics, the age of 12, what we were experiencing, for the most part, were waves created some time ago during the initial impacts of his work. There was so much folklore surrounding Kubrick's reputation that when Eyes Wide Shut’s production was announced in 1996, we were thrilled, yet skeptical. One friend, upon thesis learning it would be starring Tom Cruise, commented that it was the equivalent of dostoevsky essay Alfred Hitchcock returning from the grave to direct a Nike commercial. As the write attention getter, shooting schedule wore on, stretching to a comical 20 months, our anticipation increased. Dostoevsky? Then, on the evening of March 7, 1999, shortly before the film’s release, we were shocked to learn Kubrick had passed away. We were in a state of disbelief.

For the younger filmmakers and enthusiasts coming of age now, it’s probably difficult to completely understand our reaction. 5 Paragraph Essay Printable? Those who “got” Kubrick’s work -- the dostoevsky essay topics, methodical compositions, groundbreaking narrative forms, revolutionary techniques, uncompromising intellectual concepts and, above all, his complete control over essays on not 18, his productions and releases -- it was like losing a symbol. You would only need to locate and read a few of the obituaries published at the time to get an idea. There was nobody else like him, and there never would be again. He was often misunderstood, even by his admirers. I was baffled at reading post-mortem critical evaluations of his work, most of which seemed void of topics any comprehension.

One analysis actually proclaimed the essays on not the drinking age to, most brilliant aspect of Barry Lyndon was that Kubrick presented the title character as a “dullard.” 1999 was a tricky year -- on the eve of the essay topics, millennium, it was the peak of the ‘90s media avalanche, and lowering age to, it also was the year of the “dot.com.” The media, which SK had all but avoided for essay topics, nearly a quarter century, quickly began spinning stories based on mistruths perpetuated by people who’d never even met him -- and he certainly wasn't available to counter any of these claims. Eyes Wide Shut’s entire production was controversial. The lack of public knowledge, mixed with the length of the shoot, stirred a great deal of public interest -- not the essays on not lowering the drinking age to 18, least of dostoevsky which was centered around the signing termination, film’s married couple of Tom Cruise and essay topics, Nicole Kidman. All we knew was that the narrative centered itself around sexual obsession. Signing Termination Papers Under? Later, it was suggested to be based on Arthur Schnitzler’s Traumnovel , however, no copies were in print because Kubrick had preemptively bought them all years earlier. As with any unsubstantiated rumor, given enough time it will take on essay topics, a life of its own and usc creative writing phd acceptance rates, lose any semblance of realistic proportion.

The press made the film sound as if it would be like Basic Instinct . Everything was hyped beyond belief, as our piranha media configuration called for; AOL kept asking on topics, its homepage whether it would be the sexiest movie ever, and, as rumors emerged that the married couple would actually have unsimulated sex onscreen, the site even advertised: “Tom Nicole: Will they or won’t they?” For those who were actually interested in the reality of writing phd acceptance Eyes Wide Shut , there was a legitimate controversy. Dostoevsky Essay? It was well known that Kubrick had been a perfectionist, with complete autonomy over write attention, all of his work. In fact, he’d even recut 2001: A Space Odyssey , A Clockwork Orange and The Shining after their premieres -- and even had ACO removed from dostoevsky essay, exhibition and video entirely in under duress, the UK. Now that he was dead some four months before its release, had he in dostoevsky essay, fact completed his final cut? History indicated that he most likely hadn’t. Then, as the reviews began trickling out, notwithstanding Alexander Walker’s self-aggrandizing jump of the gun, yet another issue came to write essay getter, light. Apparently, in order to secure an R-rating, which Kubrick was contractually obligated to deliver to essay, Warner Bros., digital alterations were applied to alter a specific scene on all US prints.

Critics were shown both versions. Kubrick's untimely death mixed with questions about the legitimacy of the final cut and the tabloid frenzy surrounding the stars created a perfect storm. I saw Eyes Wide Shut a couple of days before its release at a preview screening. The audience was anxious and on edge, not knowing what to expect. The film began, and essays lowering age to, after a few moments we all realized the picture quality was grainy, looking like a rough cut or an aged print. There was whispering. The story unfolded, and my initial reactions swayed from dostoevsky, nervous numbness to curiosity to under, thinking it was the worst thing he’d ever done and dostoevsky essay topics, an embarrassment to 5 paragraph organizer printable, thinking it might be his best. Afterward, I left without much of an dostoevsky topics, opinion. I needed to mull it over.

I thought, perhaps Kubrick wasn’t dead after all. Papers Under Duress? Maybe it had all been a plan -- a masquerade, not unlike what Tom Cruise’s character Bill Harford experienced. It certainly was ironic that someone known for essay topics, portraying stories in which plans go astray unexpectedly died of natural causes while meticulously finishing his first film in a dozen years. His body simply stopped on him. It couldn’t have been more Kubrickian. Most people were unable to determine how they felt about it after only dissertation securite le monde one viewing. I saw it again several times in a row upon its release, attempting to essay topics, make sense of it all. Termination Papers Under? Certain aspects had caught my attention, and it was readily apparent that many things which seemed so on the surface all but evaporated upon closer inspection. These ambiguities went unobserved by the press due to the crowded summer schedule, looming deadlines and a rush to topics, judgment.

Perhaps the greatest reason for this critical folly was that Kubrick spoke in essays on not lowering the drinking 18, a language of cinema not literature. By this, I mean, most people were so unskilled at understanding film language that they were unable to follow his intricacies and, therefore, judged it a mess. Dostoevsky Topics? Kubrick’s consistent intent was to create visual experiences that avoided literary pigeonholes --and he often did this with as little verbal exposition as possible (showing not telling). What often goes unsaid is write essay attention getter, that many critics enjoy intelligent films -- but usually dislike intellectual films. They like to essay, watch well-made and thought-provoking work, yet they disdain anything which will require them to think and rethink what they’ve seen after the the drinking age to, fact. Woe is the director who shows he's more intelligent than a critic. In an attempt to dostoevsky essay topics, sound knowledgeable, many critics claimed to have read the Schnitzler (which was out of print), when all they’d read was Frederic Raphael’s brief synopsis in his published memoir Eyes Wide Open , about his screenplay collaboration with Kubrick. Dissertation Alimentaire Dans? Therefore, they were following an unreliable surface guide and were unable to distinguish between the differences. And so began the debate. Allegations flew from critics regarding the MPAA’s conservative attitudes toward sex.

After all, the world outside North America saw the version without the digital alterations; these alterations, which occurred in a single scene, in the form of dostoevsky topics what became known as digital fig leaves, were figures imposed over certain sex acts to obscure their sight -- not unlike TV’s practice of blurring various unsuitable or unlicensed elements in passing. Termination Duress? (The subsequent video release also had an alteration: the reflection of a sound man was removed in one scene -- something I believe to be intentional, not an error.) Because the alterations were apparently done just before its release, this led to dostoevsky, speculation as to what else Warner’s might have done. Many refused to signing termination duress, accept this as a final cut. One critic actually had the topics, audacity to accuse Steven Spielberg, without any evidence, mind you, of dissertation alimentaire le monde reshooting the dostoevsky essay topics, final scene. Jan Harlan, Kubrick’s brother-in-law and executive producer, subsequently made it clear that the signing termination papers, cover-ups were Stanley’s unequivocal intention if it received an NC-17, as opposed to recutting it -- though, more recently, he contradicted himself by admitting Kubrick would've simply adjusted the cross-cutting between Dr. Bill and his P.O.V.

I firmly believe that most of the confusion was the result of the writers’ inability to fully understand Eyes Wide Shut -- and their refusal to essay topics, admit so. There was such a critical controversy surrounding the usc creative phd acceptance, movie that many critics ultimately reversed themselves. I recall Armond White first dismissed EWS as reverie, then he later criticized other critics for topics, completely missing the film, then he ultimately decided it was very good but not great. Janet Maslin of The New York Times left her position shortly after its release, and it has been suggested (without confirmation) that the lowering age to, media’s close-minded reaction was the final straw for topics, her. Eyes Wide Shut was accused of being as far behind the model, times as 2001 had been ahead. That’s already been proven incorrect, as its ideas have been absorbed, most recently by dostoevsky essay, Wes Anderson’s The Royal Tenenbaums , which also featured a stylized version of New York -- however, where Kubrick was charged with inaccuracies, Anderson was praised for originality. Eventually, Eyes Wide Shut vanished from the scene and 1999 seemed to be a year that declared the arrival of younger talents. I couldn’t read any newspaper or watch TV without being inundated by the ZEITGEIST. For some, Being John Malkovich summed up the moment.

Others thought it was Magnolia . Signing Under Duress? And Fight Club was even hailed as the future of filmmaking by Film Comment. It wasn’t that Kubrick’s style was so out of touch with modern expectations. He never made films that worked like anybody else’s in any decade. His films existed outside of time. Designed to stand out. Designed to last. Yet subject to the tools and knowledge of their times.

Twenty years ago, Eyes Wide Shut would have received a platform release -- a practice that was still the norm, though it was quickly being superseded by wide first weekends. Now, only movies outside the dostoevsky essay topics, mainstream that need to build interest, such as art films, are released in stages. Most films are front packed, and if they don't perform on opening weekend, everybody knows as soon as Monday rolls around (even sooner now with Friday-Sunday estimates). Realistically, had Eyes Wide Shut received a platform release in 1999 it would have vanished immediately. It dealt with issues of infidelity that made most couples squirm, and the aesthetics were organic -- a far cry from the quickening Avid-edited pace of most films. Not even the star power of termination papers Tom Cruise, who at the time had the greatest box office track record ever, with five consecutive $100-million grossing films, could have saved it. In fact, by front packing it, Cruise led the film to gross 50-percent of its total $56-million U.S. box office take in its first weekend. Dostoevsky Essay Topics? Worldwide it capped at roughly $160-million -- not bad, but unspectacular compared to writing phd acceptance, average blockbusters. The film was designed to catch its audience off guard. Essay? It was full of tricks. So much so, that it made the thesis, reversals in The Sixth Sense and Fight Club look elementary by comparison.

Eyes Wide Shut was a film that anybody would have had to see more than once if they intended to come to terms with it. It was not easily digested. It was not mindless entertainment or a fun date movie. (It’s amusing to think what might have happened to a guy taking out a girl to see this with the intention of dostoevsky topics getting laid afterward.) Eyes Wide Shut is a series of reversals and dashed expectations where everybody has a motive and all actions are performances. The title itself is lowering the drinking, a contradiction; some suggested it was a reference to the “dream logic” the narrative followed -- it’s intentionally ambiguous and many correlations can be found between it and aspects of the film. I believe the title is suggesting people have an inherent inability to actually observe and dostoevsky essay topics, comprehend what is before them. That people create dream worlds for themselves, and all too often accept surface presentations instead of searching the depths which create such illusions. It's also a play about perspective and the limits to what can fully be known and the limits to thesis assignment model decision, truth. Needless to dostoevsky essay topics, say, most audience members who had mentally salivated at the prospect of wall to wall sex with Tom and writing phd acceptance, Nicole were disappointed. And that was the dostoevsky essay, point. Thesis Assignment? Michael Herr, Kubrick’s friend and essay topics, collaborator, noted that Kubrick must have been severely out of touch if he thought he could get away with that type of marketing campaign in dissertation sur la securite alimentaire dans le monde, 1999's culture.

Ticket prices were high, and people just wanted to escape life for a couple of hours, maybe get a little aroused. Instead, they received a meditation on lies, marital infidelity, class, procreation and death. The narrative of dostoevsky essay Eyes Wide Shut is assembled similarly to most of Kubrick’s post- 2001 films, in that it’s a series of episodes placed together without any overt exposition to essay attention, bridge them. This format had many accusing it of being plotless. It isn’t plotless -- the problem is that 99% of all movies follow the same structure, so people have been conditioned from Day One as to topics, how a movie’s plot is supposed to play out. When viewers don’t receive what they expect at signing papers under, any given moment, they become dislocated from the material, because they’re no longer on a treadmill and have to think for themselves -- not unlike humanity's predicament in Kurt Vonnegut’s Timequake . To complicate things, Kubrick preferred keeping his compositions wide to show people within environments, rarely focusing on dostoevsky essay, a single detail. This created a web of ambiguity for viewers unaccustomed to this, since it’s less obvious what the important pieces are.

It also diminishes the emotional states of the characters. One example of ambiguous composition in Eyes Wide Shut is the 5 paragraph essay organizer, use of establishing shots, usually of certain areas in dostoevsky essay, New York. Instead of getter focusing on the street signs, which might have been more helpful to anyone unfamiliar with the environments, the shots are left in detached masters. They don’t always match the following action with Dr. Bill -- a tactic used to mock television’s use of essay establishing shots for shows shot on sound stages miles away from the essays lowering age to, actual locations. It’s logical to essay topics, infer that Kubrick’s style came about through his roots as a still photographer, focusing on exterior observation. By focusing on impact assignment decision, character actions rather than attempting to justify motivations or emotions, he was accused by some of not being a psychological director. This is incorrect; he just factored more into essay, his observations than the illogical nature of mere human behavior -- such as temporal and spatial time, natural sciences and usc creative rates, laws of physics. He preferred sociology to psychology. His characters didn’t exist in their own worlds where everything was justified to their emotional needs; they existed within a physical universe and had to maneuver through an existence often at essay, odds with their motivations.

And to make matters worse, he often chose the point of view, some would say, of thesis assignment model decision that physical world, reserving any compassion or sympathy for his characters’ plights. In comparision, The Sixth Sense , released the same summer, differs from topics, Eyes Wide Shut in writing phd acceptance rates, its emotional manipulation of physical reality in a fundamental way. In The Sixth Sense (as with Fight Club ), the main character could only have existed within the scenes dramatized, otherwise the illusion would’ve been shattered -- whereas in EWS , the essay topics, locations and situations existed with or without Dr. Bill. Kubrick’s use of signing exposition and mise en scene differed greatly from more modern directors like Martin Scorsese. Whereas Kubrick routinely let multiple pieces of information permeate his compositions, creating a tapestry like Where’s Waldo? , Scorsese has the essay, tendency to focus on only one thing at a time. With Scorsese, the assignment model decision, viewer is never at a loss as to what’s going on; he’s constantly freezing his narratives and fracturing time just to explain the details, as if he’s showing off how much he knows.

Kubrick, on the other hand, dramatized scenes as they might actually take place, allowing the characters’ actions to justify the pacing, letting them speak for themselves. Eyes Wide Shut’s main character, Bill Harford, is constantly entering into situations that existed before him, and will continue once he’s gone. Dostoevsky Essay? Bill is traveling through a series of future light cones, touring through the thesis model decision, ripples of previous events, and the viewer, put in his place, enters into these situations as blindly as he does. We’re given no more exposition than the main character. Therefore, what Kubrick established was a method fundamentally at essay topics, odds with Hitchcock’s subjectivity. Model Decision? Hitchcock built suspense by granting the audience more information than his characters through the use of cutaways, or, in the case of dostoevsky Rear Window , panning away from a sleeping James Stewart to show the murderous events going on across the essays lowering, courtyard. Kubrick, who felt 20th Century art had become too subjective and was in dire need of locating a sense of objectivity, would have none of that winking. The first three shots give us our conceptual setup. The film opens with Shostakovich’s Jazz Suite, Waltz 2 , playing over white on black titles.

It then cuts to an image of Alice Harford, Bill’s wife, nude with her back to us. Alice slips out of her dress, letting it brazenly drop to dostoevsky essay topics, the floor. Essays The Drinking? The room is brightly lit and mundane with some tennis racquets to the side. She’s framed by Roman columns (Italian influences abound throughout the film), juxtaposing classicism with modernism, as Kubrick was often fond of doing. This image is intended to deceive, and it actually calls attention to dostoevsky, where our minds are. People seeing Eyes Wide Shut in the theater for the first time had been promised a fair degree of arousal. The opening shot, featuring a beautiful woman without any clothes on, altered none of thesis decision these expectations. (It’s integral to note that one’s reaction to what follows would be fundamentally different seeing it on video than in a theater. Dostoevsky Topics? The actual film it was shot on, Eastman 500 EXR, had been underexposed by 2 stops, then pushed another 2 during development, creating a haze of grain that lent it a documentary feel. The effect was rather like Suerat’s pointillism meeting the warm interior lights of thesis impact assignment Latrec.

Its intimacy was almost embarrassing. The DVD was cleaned up, slickening the presentation, thereby making it more palatable to audiences. ) After the image of Alice, a title card appears cleverly announcing the dostoevsky essay topics, film’s title, followed by the second shot: a wobbly establishing shot of an apartment building on Manhattan’s Central Park West. What we didn’t notice in on not lowering the drinking age to, the theatrical release, during the first shot, was the picture’s grain -- we were too fixated on the naked woman. Upon moving to the exterior shot, however, the audience was thrown a curve. Not only was there a content contrast between the two shots, but the picture was literally filled with contrast.

It looked cheap and amateurish. Another thing we were distracted from, due to the image of nudity, was the attitude by dostoevsky essay topics, which Alice undressed. Anyone paying attention would have noticed just how bored with contempt she was. She wasn’t even wearing anything below the dress. It can be inferred, when placed within the context of the following scenes, that Alice was unenthusiastically deciding what to wear for the party she and Bill were to subsequently attend. For shot #3, upon cutting from the CPW establishing, we find Bill in a tuxedo, standing where Alice was only a moment before. There are major aesthetic differences to be noted: the exterior was lit with street lights, which lent an amber hue to the winter night, however, inside the light coming through the window is artificial blue. (The color blue will become an integral part of the film’s mechanics as it progresses.) In one Stedicam shot, with Shostakovich still playing on the soundtrack, Bill wanders through the apartment searching for something. He calls to thesis assignment model decision, Alice who’s off-screen, asking if she knows where his wallet is. She suggests it's by the bed, an obvious location, and upon locating it, a look of resentment crosses Bill’s face.

He immediately attempts to deflect his incompetence by accusing Alice of taking her time. (His wallet, as it contains cash and dostoevsky, his ID, will become another key motif, consistently offering others his identity and attention getter, a means of exchange.) Bill enters the bathroom, and essay topics, we discover Alice on the toilet -- killing our first image of her. Essays On Not Age To? Bill is oblivious and looks at himself in dostoevsky essay, the mirror. Alice wipes herself, then asks Bill how she looks. Impact Assignment? He automatically replies without looking, telling her she looks beautiful, which she mocks him for.

He patronizingly tells her she always looks beautiful, then he kisses her on dostoevsky topics, the neck. Bill walks back into the bedroom and turns off the stereo -- which it turns out signing papers was playing the Shostakovich, tricking the dostoevsky topics, audience who assumed it was non-diegetic. ( Jazz Suite, Waltz 2 will appear again during the film as a theme for the routine of their lives. By using music by dissertation sur la securite alimentaire dans, both Shostakovich and essay, Ligeti as its main themes, an on not the drinking age to 18, interesting layer has been added: both were composers whose work was done under the rule of Stalinist Soviet Union; both composers’ work was therefore restricted accordingly. Essay Topics? These pieces of music help set the tone for the decadent, post-Cold War America portrayed in the film.) One other piece of information granted us during this setup is a window air conditioner seen repeatedly as Bill passes it.

It’s an extremely subtle element of the usc creative phd acceptance, mise en scene, but rather humorous when considering the setting is Christmas time, and topics, the AC should have been removed a while ago. Later on, however, in subsequent scenes, the AC is missing from the window; this is the only time we’ll see it. The AC can be seen as symbolic of Bill and signing termination papers under, Alice’s frigid relationship, but it also plays into the film’s highly complex use of mise en scene: as it’s never seen again, we can be left to ponder whether it was a continuity error or whether it was removed outside of the drama -- though if it was, Alice most likely did the work, because we later see Bill as a lazy oaf after work the following evening. Dostoevsky Essay? The point is: we don’t know. What we have learned drama-wise via these first three shots is that Bill and essays on not lowering the drinking 18, Alice have been married for a while, and they’re wealthy, living on essay, Central Park West. Bill is absentminded, a bit of a boob with things, and he's extremely self-centered. Also, we should prepare ourselves for thesis model, a certain amount of nudity.

And this narrative is going to consistently play mind fucks with us. We've also been exposed to the film's aesthetic strategies -- the blue exterior lights (against red curtains), black against topics, white (tuxedo), the thick picture grain, the signing termination under duress, pairing of diegetic and non-diegetic, and dostoevsky, the use of long unedited takes, often shot with a Stedicam. All this, in just 3 shots. Bill and dissertation sur la alimentaire le monde, Alice have been married for nine years at this point. Their daily routine has become mechanized. It’s been suggested that Kubrick’s central theme throughout his career was the dostoevsky essay, contrast between things which are mechanical and those which are spontaneous, contingent or unforeseen. Usc Creative? More can be made of this. I would like to suggest that the underlying concept behind these themes is the danger of blind faith.

Blind faith, by dostoevsky, its very nature, requires a submission of autonomy. Therefore, it lends itself to mechanization because it eliminates the opportunity for lowering the drinking age to 18, someone to actually think and act independently. (The Ludovico Treatment, the Doomsday Machine, HAL 9000 or even Redmond Barry’s devotion to his mother and her advice.) Of course, there are pros and cons to both consistency and spontaneity. Some said Kubrick mocked plans, but that would be an dostoevsky topics, incorrect conclusion based upon his widely reported meticulousness. (During the planning for his fabled film about writing phd acceptance Napoleon, for helicopter shots, SK reportedly calculated the size of the battlefields in relation to dostoevsky essay topics, the number of sur la dans le monde soldiers, as well as determining the speed at which a helicopter would have to essay, fly to pass over all the attention getter, troops, so he could determine how long the shot would last. Without computers.) Whereas too much planning stagnates and creates an appearance of essay lifelessness (which Kubrick’s work was certainly accused of), too much spontaneity can lead to essay printable, an inability to accomplish a desired end. Kubrick believed that most people were incapable of determining the methods by dostoevsky essay topics, which they intended to accomplish their goals. He was able to acquire freedom from impact, time constraints with his work; the essay, success of his films allowed him to take whatever time he felt was needed to create work which he felt most proud of. That way, any malfunctions could be detected within time to be corrected. In the end, of course, his time ran out -- his greatest victory, control of 5 paragraph organizer printable time, ultimately begat his downfall. As Eyes Wide Shut unspools, Kubrick begins filling our minds with strange inconsistencies, of which the previously mentioned AC is only one.

An obviously missing statue in dostoevsky topics, one scene is another example; a chair that comes and goes near Bill’s front door which he likes to place his coat on is another. He’s begging us to under duress, wonder whether these things are intentional or not. Bill’s experience is a figurative dream, not the actual narrative of the movie. When Alice compares dreams and reality at the end, just before the return of Jazz Suite, Waltz 2 , she’s comparing her dreams to his reality -- and dostoevsky, Bill, as a doctor, with little in the way of an imagination, is the butt of the joke. Some critics strangely declared this was Kubrick’s Ophul movie, but a more accurate reference would be that of Bunuel. Usc Creative Writing Phd Acceptance Rates? Eyes Wide Shut is a surrealist film with a narrative that never resolves its questions.

Furthermore, it was Bunuel who routinely satirized the dostoevsky essay topics, bourgeois and their dreamlike removal from thesis impact assignment model decision, reality in such films as Belle de jour and The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeois . Bunuel also chose a mundane aesthetic sensibility to heighten the dostoevsky essay topics, absurdity of the drama -- the outrageous presented realistically. Another reference point is termination under duress, Franz Kafka, whom Kubrick believed to be the greatest writer of the 20th Century. Kubrick argued that most film adaptations of essay topics his work were misconceived because the filmmakers confused the narrative surrealism for 5 paragraph essay printable, stylistic absurdity, when, in dostoevsky essay topics, fact, Kafka wrote in a very plain manner. Kafka's aesthetic was to portray insanity as perfectly sane. Surrealism manifests itself in EWS as Bill is on not 18, so out of the loop during the day of his odyssey that the unfamiliar events which he stumbles through appear to function with a dream logic. The events are too irregular, and dostoevsky topics, his lack of 5 paragraph essay experience leads him to paranoia, linking incidents together without any foundation -- and dostoevsky essay topics, as Bill is the stand-in for the audience, the same confusion takes hold in us as well, just as we're also pouring over the continuity inconsistencies. Anyone who’s ever been in a similar predicament knows the thesis assignment model, movie portrays this scenario with scary accuracy. It’s also extremely acute in its rendering of the different worlds Bill steps into throughout the city -- worlds cut off by economic and cultural diversity. In the movie, like life, nothing ever seems to dostoevsky essay, fit together perfectly. No disguise is absolute, hence the need for a disguise in the first place.

Such is Kubrick’s central theory on relationships and perceived reality in general: trust is the write essay attention, glue which holds all the loose ends together, yet nothing should be blindly trusted. and the whole truth can never be known. SHADOWS ON THE MIRROR: The unspoken secret to understanding the relationship between Bill and Alice can be viewed during the mirror make out scene, accompanied by Chris Isaak’s Baby Did a Bad Bad Thing (which we can assume is playing on dostoevsky essay, their stereo). We see Alice standing in front of essay organizer a mirror with her back to us. Her front side is represented by topics, a mirror’s reflection.

Throughout the film we’re shown characters from behind, then from the front, suggesting a simple formal reversal of dissertation sur la securite le monde perception. Mirrors will also be seen repeatedly in the film as a hint of duplicity. The reflection here offers our first glimpse of Alice’s bare front, and as the camera zooms in, Bill approaches from behind. Dostoevsky Essay Topics? He looks at her, then himself in the reflection -- comparing image to reality -- then he begins passionately kissing Alice. We cut closer on their reflected image. Then.

Alice’s eyes open, and a look of disappointment crosses her face. Without resolution there is a fade to black. Obviously, there’s a problem. The first thing to understand is that they’ve been married for 9 years. We’ve already seen that they’re comfortable enough with each other to share the bathroom. We know that at the earlier party Bill revived a naked woman who had OD’d -- a scene portrayed without a hint of eroticism. He also indifferently (or trustingly) left his wife to fend for writing, herself at a party at which she didn’t know anybody, and dostoevsky, didn’t want to be at.

What could cause a doctor, someone who is around nudity without sexuality on a daily basis, to become so passionate? The act of having saved someone’s life. Bill is a 40-ish doctor with an overblown sense of ego, and the ability to save someone’s life fuels his God complex. However, he’s a man so self-involved that he’s clueless to anything outside his general grasp. He has everything he wants: a beautiful wife and daughter, a general practice on signing termination under duress, Park Avenue and topics, a $2-million apartment on Manhattan’s Upper West Side, which contrary to 5 paragraph essay, some critical remarks, could easily be paid for with a mortgage. There are several things worth noting about this scene. The first, is that it’s incomplete. We don’t know the outcome.

Kubrick faded to black just as things seemed to dostoevsky essay, be getting interesting. Dans? This was an often repeated tactic in his vocabulary: untimely optical transitions. (Think: the fade to black in 2001 just as Floyd’s recorded message is nearing an end, or the dissolve from essay topics, Mr. Touchdown giving directions in duress, Full Metal Jacket to the actual scene of the crime -- or even the fade out at essay, the end of Part 1 in Barry Lyndon , while the essays on not lowering 18, Narrator is still reading Sir Charles’ obituary.) It’s a rude gesture on Kubrick’s part, as most filmmakers want to be as smooth with their audience as possible. The integral piece of information has usually been established, yet instead of resolving the matter at dostoevsky essay, hand, this technique leaves the ending loose, usually to write essay, have it played out in the following actions, implying that nothing can be done to dostoevsky topics, alter this fate. (One more note regarding the fade to le monde, black. In theaters, there was a reel change just after the fade, and the transition to the elevator doors opening was extremely abrupt. Dostoevsky Essay Topics? According to Leon Vitali, Kubrick stipulated that his films be screened reel-to-reel instead of on a platter to avoid prolonged scratches.) The question must be begged: did they or didn’t they? Everything we’ve seen about Bill prior to write attention, this -- from his indifference with Alice on the toilet and dostoevsky topics, an unflinching professional demeanor when confronted with the on not age to 18, nude woman, to his hesitation as Gayle and Nuala proposed to take him, “. Essay? Where the rainbow ends. ” -- suggests he’s not exactly the hot-blooded type. Under Duress? The audience, however, used to Tom Cruise’s hero screen persona, has not made the switch.

There’s even a line he speaks during the dostoevsky essay, models' encounter that pointedly mocks Cruise’s image: “Well, that is the type of essay hero I can be sometimes.” The subsequent events of the story prove otherwise. Marriage, as portrayed in Eyes Wide Shut , is not merely a psychological game of emotional manipulation or deceit, but it primarily serves as an dostoevsky essay, evolutionary function for the species. It’s a matter of usc creative writing survival; it provides structure for society, financial security for individuals, maintains population control to essay topics, an extent, and it subdues to the varying effects that marriages succeed, the spread of disease. The problem is not in the intellectual concept or morality of one man and model, one woman, but in the reality of actually applying it to real people. It’s often a case of trying to fit a circle (humans: living things capable of choice and emotional response), into essay, a square (marriage: a rigid structure). This single scene, bouncing reality off of the mirror to show disconnect, illustrates the crutch of their predicament: since Bill is a doctor who practices the hippocratic oath, by definition, he can never be entirely honest with his wife. The event that sparked his libido was saving a life -- and what happened between he and assignment, Ziegler was in topics, strict confidence. (It's also this secret event that ultimately saves Bill, since Ziegler owes him.) KUBRICK HATED THE WIZARD OF OZ: Bill’s view of his life is, for all intents and purposes, black white. This is visually played out in several ways: when Bill and dissertation sur la securite dans le monde, Alice initially arrive at Ziegler's party the floor beneath their feet is checkered black white; during Bill and Alice’s argument, he’s wearing black shorts and she white lingerie, and he even dubiously states, “Well, I don’t think it’s quite that black white. ” Also, at the party, Bill is paired against Nick Nightingale, and he’s wearing a black jacket while Nick is wearing a white jacket; the newspaper in which Bill reads about Amanda Curran's overdose is black ink printed on white paper; and, most tellingly, we see Bill’s jealous fantasies of Alice with the Sailor played out in his mind in topics, black white.

The black white motif is used to directly counter the “rainbow” of colors awash throughout most of the film. On Not Lowering The Drinking Age To? (Remember, The Wizard of Oz pairs BW reality in Kansas against lush color in Oz.) There appears to be a logic to the use of colors which goes as follows: blue represents an topics, artificial or mechanical surface; red represents an internal entry, Eros, or the life instinct; orange represents normalcy and familial warmth; and yellow represents unreliability and a lack of control. Red and blue are seen most frequently, often paired within the same shot to contrast each other. Kubrick paired these two once before during the opening titles of A Clockwork Orange , and a clockwork orange is, of course, somebody who appears to be living yet is really mechanical. Our first introduction to the drinking, blue is during the tracking shot of Bill at dostoevsky essay, the beginning: there’s a cold blue light seeping through the windows. As the film progresses, blue begins coming through more and more windows, brighter and brighter, illuminating what we can obviously tell is a false exterior set, literally illustrating the false exterior. As that first shot ends, the lights in termination papers under duress, the room have been turned off, leaving only two sources of dostoevsky essay light: the impact assignment model, harsh, artificial blue coming through the essay topics, window and the warm orange lamp light from the hallway.

Bill closes the bedroom door behind him, blocking out the warm light of normalcy, leaving only the cold artificiality of the blue. Kubrick primarily weaves blue, along with the other colors, into the fabric of the mise en scene. Blue is used as a tile on essay getter, the wall when Bill negotiates entry into Rainbow Costumes, as a stage light at the Sonata Cafe, as the topics, door to dissertation securite alimentaire dans, Domino’s apartment, and so on. Red, constantly opposing blue, is seen most prominently during the dostoevsky, orgy, where the carpet is bright crimson and signing termination under, the party’s chief is appropriately called Red Cloak. This is where the id has been unleashed, and dostoevsky topics, Bill believes somebody might have given their life to phd acceptance, save his. It can also be found as a traffic light outside the window of Rainbow Costumes contrasting the dostoevsky essay topics, blue tiles, on the neon lights that decorate the Sonata Cafe, as well as its dark interior upon Bill’s entrance. There’s even a red neon sign that says EROS in one scene. Orange is the color emitted from all of the normal functioning lights in the film’s settings, as it would be.

In this way, orange is natural and de facto in writing phd acceptance rates, its representation of normalcy. Yellow, the final major recurring color, is prominent because of the taxis taken by Bill that are everywhere throughout the city. Just about every cab which Bill comes in contact with screws him in some way. This is the topics, result of his abandoning control to let somebody else manage his means of travel. With the exception of the obviously artificial blue exteriors, the write essay getter, color scheme is blended into the film by motivated objects. The most obvious of these objects are the recurring Christmas lights (Christmas trees are everywhere as a symbol of essay topics fantasies and self-delusions, namely by celebrating the birth of a man who purports to getter, offer eternal life). The use of the Christmas lights brings up an aspect of Kubrick’s filmmaking which, with the exception of Barry Lyndon’s candlelight sequences, has gone criminally unsung: source lighting. While examples can be viewed in his work as far back as Killer’s Kiss , most of Kubrick’s interiors from 2001 on were lit by actual sources, instead of dostoevsky essay sculpting the light with multiple hidden sources and signing under, cut with flags the way most films do. This approach was logical (Where exactly does rim light come from, anyway?), and essay, created a beautiful naturalism to his work.

It also affected the signing termination papers under duress, light timing, in essay, that because we were actually experiencing incident light from definable sources with the light correctly fading to darkness the farther the rays fell away from the essays on not the drinking age to 18, bulb, a truer, more inhabitable space was created around the essay, characters. This touches on another issue that separated Kubrick from other directors. While many ambitious directors strive to experiment with the latest technologies, Kubrick personally oversaw the creation of new technologies for his films. Signing Papers Duress? It was Kubrick who acquired the NASA Zeiss lenses and figured out the means by which they could be attached to the Mitchell BNC cameras for the afore-mentioned Barry Lyndon (with the help of Ed Di Giulio). Dostoevsky Essay? Also, if you watch the credits for 2001 , he is listed as the usc creative phd acceptance rates, director of the film’s special photographic effects, which won him his only dostoevsky essay Oscar. (It was all done in-camera; there was no such thing as digital back then.) He was editing on video, and usc creative writing phd acceptance rates, then computers, using a system called Montage, in the mid-'80s on FMJ , long before Avid became the standard, and he even created a Video Village of 2-dozen VCRs and monitors to to record and compare takes on topics, set. And for everybody who loves Scorsese’s or Paul Thomas Anderson’s epic Stedicam shots, check out dissertation alimentaire dans le monde The Shining , done a full decade before Goodfellas . All said, however, he never used technology as an end in topics, itself.

Technology was a means to writing phd acceptance rates, an end. Even EWS , which has an dostoevsky, almost retro feel to it, was shot at times using a robotic camera remote-controled by Kubrick in a separate room from the actors. It is not without good reason that everyone from Arthur C. Write Essay Getter? Clark to the myriad of topics rocket scientists who advised 2001 , hailed him as probably the single most intelligent human being they’d ever personally known. Eyes Wide Shut is difficultly filled with obscurities. God is in the details. One sequence, in particular, displays Kubrick’s deft use of mise en scene to illuminate or mask information: When Bill first meets Domino, he has just come from the Nathanson apartment. Bristling in the cold night, he reaches a street corner and waits for the light to change. Domino approaches, dressed in write attention, a black white faux fur coat and a short, tight purple dress (purple being the dostoevsky, combination of red and blue).

In the background we can see the signing papers under, red and blue neon sign for an XXX video store, subliminally planting sex in our minds. She asks him for the time, which he gives her. As the light changes, we switch to essay topics, a reverse angle (front and back), leaving the background of the on not lowering the drinking 18, video store for that of dostoevsky essay a hardware store, grounding us in the mundane world. Essays On Not Age To? Bill starts across the street, and Domino starts coming onto him. Bill’s initial impression of dostoevsky essay her, as is most people’s, is that she’s a prostitute -- however, we’re getting details which subvert this initial reaction. For example, the aggressiveness in which she propositions him seems quite unprofessional. Most hookers wait to be approached, or they might say something like, “Hey, baby, want a date?” But they certainly wouldn’t play so hard as follow somebody and walk in impact, front of essay them, not letting them out of their grasp. Also, just as Domino is asking Bill if he’d like to have some fun, they pass a bright neon sign that reads HOTEL -- Domino then informs Bill that she lives nearby.

Now, I’m not exactly an expert on prostitution, but it seems unlikely to essay, me that a woman would come on this strong and invite a john back to her apartment. Prostitution is essay, a business. It’s not personal. It’s selling an image, not a reality. It’s Bill’s lack of experience that leads him to assume her identity. It’s the average man’s impression, too, revealing how men really do think about women. But she's got an agenda. Upon reaching her building, which features red doors, Bill incredulously asks her, “You live in there?” He finally agrees to go inside with her, and we cut to termination papers under, the interior lobby of the building, as they enter. Essay Topics? This is termination papers duress, typical in that the camera never follows Bill through any doorways; he’s followed directly up to doorways, then picked up from the reverse side, as he enters into dostoevsky topics, a different world.

In the corner of the lobby next to Domino’s door is an 5 paragraph essay organizer printable, abandoned blue baby carriage, mockingly juxtaposing sex as reproduction with sex for money (just as Mandy's naked OD was paired with a painting of a pregnant woman on Ziegler's bathroom wall). The following sequence involves six interior shots and topics, several cutaways to Alice at home. The placement of the usc creative phd acceptance rates, camera is central to Domino’s true identity. Dostoevsky Essay? We start with the camera’s back to 5 paragraph, the apartment, focused on the front door. Topics? The door opens and Domino enters, followed by Bill. Essay Attention? The camera tracks backward with them, as they walk into the apartment. Topics? Bill comments that her small Christmas tree is write attention getter, “nice,” for lack of anything better to say. Upon entering the kitchen, which we see is filthy with plates on the table and bras hanging above the bathtub, Domino puts a frying pan aside and essay, comments, “Sorry, maid’s day off.” (This is a marked contrast from the Nathanson apartment where Rosa, the maid, let him in and took his coat.) Are we really supposed to buy that this sweet, attractive girl with a messy apartment is a hooker? Again, showing, not telling.

The next shot is a reverse-angle 2-shot of write attention getter Bill and Domino. We can see more dishes and topics, food on the table, as well as the bathtub in the kitchen (contrasting Ziegler’s luxurious bathroom from the party). A room can be seen in the background, though its details are unassuming. Bill asks Domino if she’d like to termination papers duress, talk about money. She plays along with him, flattered, and essay topics, is quite surprised when he says he’ll pay $150. She sweetly tells him that she won’t keep track of the time, a dead-on clue. Domino’s expressions and facial reactions are highly important in this scene: she's acting.

We now cut away to write essay getter, Alice at home, staying up to wait for Bill so they can resolve their argument. Bathed in blue light, she’s eating Snackwells and watching Blume in Love , by Paul Mazursy, who starred in Kubrick’s first feature Fear and dostoevsky essay, Desire. Bill, however, in the apartment of a beautiful and willing young woman, is oblivious. We return to Bill and find him in a tight 2-shot with Domino in her bedroom, as they kiss -- another give away (what hooker kisses on the lips?). This shot, number three inside the apartment, is taken facing the same direction as the thesis decision, previous shot in dostoevsky, the apartment.

Then. Bill’s cell phone rings. With the writing, ring of the phone, we move to a wider shot. This is now shot four of the apartment, and it is dostoevsky, from the same direction as the previous two shots. We learn that Bill was seated on the bed with Domino kneeling above him -- as if he’s the patient to her doctor. The camera tracks with Bill as he steps away. Dissertation Sur La Securite Le Monde? Bill turns off the stereo and answers the call.

Two books can be seen on the shelf, one more obvious than the other. The book in topics, plain view is humorously titled Introducing Sociology . (Is Domino a student?) The second book, lying down and dissertation le monde, difficult to make out, is Shadows on topics, the Mirror , a novel by writing phd acceptance, Frances Fyfield, about a successful woman attorney at a prestigious firm who keeps lonely men company at night. until she finds herself stalked -- a perfect parallel to the film’s plot, both thematically and narratively. Essay? This is what I’m talking about with regard to dissertation sur la alimentaire dans le monde, Kubrick’s use of detail. You’d better believe that book is essay, intentional. This is why his films took so long to dissertation sur la le monde, shoot -- he was making sure that everything within every scene and within each frame played out exactly the dostoevsky topics, way he wanted it to.

After a series of cross-cuts between Bill and Alice, as he lies to thesis assignment model, her about his whereabouts, we cut to shot #5, a medium close-up of Domino reclining on her bed. “Was that. Mrs. Dostoevsky? Dr. Bill? This shot is from getter, a different position, yet varies by only ninety degrees to the left.

Bill exhaustedly sits on her bed in shot #6, and we’ve finally gone to essay topics, a reverse angle on our final shot. And what do we see? A room behind Bill and Domino. And what room is it? The kitchen. We’ve now seen the entire layout of the apartment. There are only 3 rooms: a small living room which they initially entered, the kitchen and the bedroom. Therefore, Domino’s “roommate” is termination duress, probably a bit more than a roommate. This final shot of the dostoevsky essay topics, sequence with Domino contains a subtle zoom, indicating that we’ve just received an important piece of information. (The zoom appears in the film at several integral moments, in varying degrees of organizer size and length.) Bill offers to pay Domino anyhow, though she refuses -- yet another clue. Essay Topics? He insists and places the money in her hand.

Surprised and flattered , she thanks him. The trick is: even if she wasn't a prostitute and she was only acting, by accepting his money, now she's a prostitute. Everything in this film is specific -- camera directions and essay printable, dramatic locations alike. We’re constantly being shown establishing shots that cue us to locations which give us a certain amount of information about the rules and wealth of any given area. It also helps drive home how people in New York, like Dr. Dostoevsky Essay Topics? Bill, live their lives in a routine that takes them to the same locations within the phd acceptance rates, city on a regular basis. Their lives become mechanical, and upon dostoevsky essay entering another district, as Dr. Bill does by wandering Greenwhich Village, he becomes lost in another world. Kubrick’s films were visually tight. So much so, that he was praised as much as he was criticized.

He never storyboarded, though. His feeling was that until he was on sur la securite le monde, the set and staging the scene with the actors, there was no way to know where the camera should be. Dostoevsky? The camera’s function for him was to document, not dictate. And he wouldn't quit until he got exactly what he wanted -- whether it meant spending an entire week shooting the brief hotel exchange with Alan Cumming, or even recasting Jennifer Jason Leigh's role as Marion Nathanson with Marie Richardson, when she was unavailable for reshoots. The shoot didn't last 20 months for nothing. GREATEST AMERICAN HERO: Bill is a boob. He’s utterly clueless, and it’s hysterical to watch America’s hero, Tom Cruise, wander through a series of situations that ultimately illustrate him a buffoon. For example, after Nick Nightingale tells him about the orgy, there's a cut to Bill’s cab arriving at Rainbow Costumes (he mistakenly calls it Rainbow Fashions).

Bill thanks the impact assignment decision, driver and tells him to keep the dostoevsky essay topics, change, then he rings the buzzer and asks for Peter Grenning, a patient of his. Mr. Milich comes to the door to inform him that Grenning moved over a year ago. This scene features one of the funniest moments in the film. As Mr. Milich steps out of his apartment, we can see some lights reflected on the glass door of the building. These lights are the neon signs in front of Sonata Cafe and thesis assignment, Gillespie’s Diner. Upon cutting to a reverse we can see both buildings directly behind Bill.

He's apparently hired a cab to topics, drive him to a destination that was right across the street from where he was. The cabby most likely drove around, then dropped his clueless passenger off. Now, here’s a curve ball. The next day when Bill returns to Sonata Cafe and finds it’s closed, he steps back and looks around the block; in the background, we can see the building with the storefront that’s supposed to be Rainbow Costumes -- however, it’s been stripped of any visible identification, save the marks of where the Rainbow sign was. What’s going on?

Is this intentional? Poor production values? No. Once again, it’s intentional. Like the AC. Like the missing statue. The reason Kubrick has Bill step aside to look around is to deliver this information. Just when we thought we knew what was up, the thesis model, playing field has been shifted.

Kubrick is essay topics, refusing to grant us the slightest bit of usc creative writing phd acceptance resolution. The filmmaking itself is weaving paranoia into essay topics, our subconscious through subtleties like this. And it's these traits that render the film functionally surrealist. There are several other instances where people pointed out, albeit incorrectly, other continuity errors. For example, the organizer, 2 times Bill arrives at Somerton, the dostoevsky essay topics, location of the orgy, it’s from opposite essays on not directions. If you pay attention it’s because he takes two different routes. A cab drives Bill the first time; the cab turns off the highway, and we see a series of shots of the cab riding through a town and a dark rural road, before it arrives at the gated driveway. Bill has been too consumed by feelings of jealousy to dostoevsky topics, pay much attention. On the thesis impact assignment model, second occasion, Bill drives himself in the movie’s only essay topics scene involving his car. He sticks to the main artery highway and arrives from a different direction. This is the only scene in which he drives himself and takes his transportation in his own hands.

Many people felt that Kubrick had lost his touch, that there was nothing adventurous about his filmmaking anymore. I assume these are the same people who champion what I term “Commodified Controversy,” something at which Oliver Stone is a master. “Commodified Controversy” is exactly what it sounds like: using the media to create a controversy to help sell your film. In fact, I would argue there’s been so many attempts to impact assignment model decision, shock that nothing shocks anymore; it’s manufactured hype. The corporations, in my opinion, are quite happy with this. By legitimizing rebellion, rebellion is no longer rebellious, and therefore, true rebellion is dostoevsky, fringe. Stanley Kubrick was the original American independent film prodigy, another concept that’s been exploited to the point of being meaningless. He started on his own without a college diploma and shot two DIY features funded by relatives, Fear and Desire and Killer’s Kiss, before Hollywood took notice and gave him his break. By the time Eyes Wide Shut was released, controversy had taken the form of Fight Club or Natural Born Killers (nowadays it's Bruno ) -- both topical and against the grain, but unlikely to shift the playing field and unwilling to risk commercial losses through bans. Of course, the climate is different today than in Kubrick’s heyday. A director like Stone can afford to release NBK as an R-rated film in theaters, then promote an write, unrated “Director’s Cut,” for home video.

For those unfamiliar with Stanley Kubrick’s record, this is what real controversy looks like. His 1957 film Paths of Glory , which depicted the French Army’s execution of its own soldiers, was actually banned in France for 20 years. Essay Topics? Dr. Strangelove , released in 1964, depicted an American General launching a nuclear strike against the Soviet Union -- it came out four months after JFK’s assassination, and less than two years after the Cuban Missile Crisis. It would be the equivalent of impact assignment model decision somebody today making a comedy about an American staging a terrorist attack, so we could clobber another country. In 1971, he released A Clockwork Orange , one of only two X-rated films to ever receive an Oscar nomination for dostoevsky essay topics, best picture. After a series of death threats made against organizer, him and his family, he chose to withdraw it from theaters in Great Britain, and it remained that way until after his death. I'd like to now discuss the orgy scene.

Dramatically speaking, the orgy is the apex of the movie, conceptually speaking. You want balls? How many major filmmakers would put a twenty-minute sequence in the center of their film where nobody's face can be seen and makes no rational sense to the average viewer? Dr. Topics? Bill wanders into an environment that’s as alien to him as to the viewer. He doesn’t belong there. He doesn’t know the rules -- and since he’s our guide, neither do we.

All we can do is try to write essay getter, put the pieces together and, like much of the film, it’s an exercise in comprehension skills. What I can tell you is this: the dostoevsky topics, party is a variation on Venetian masquerades, Bill’s mask is inappropriate, both Gayle and Nuala are likely in attendance, Ziegler is in attendance, and Mandy is in attendance. Detractors commented that the scene had poor sound quality. I’m not sure what they meant by that. Did they want the dialogue to be more stylized? It was lurid melodrama played out by naked people wearing masks. Lowering Age To 18? It was funny and scary at the same time. The masks and dostoevsky essay topics, costumes created a sense of fantasy, yet the plain, earnest voices coming from under the masks was comical in its juxtaposition. Some people were so confused that they thought Alice had been at the ball.

For the thesis impact assignment model, record, she wasn’t. This completely balls-out bat-shit sequence was criticized by some for not being sexy, or because Dr. Bill doesn't get anything. They're missing the forest for the trees (fig leaves not included). What Kubrick has been building toward with this sequence is a manipulation of the dostoevsky, viewer into wanting Bill to cheat on Alice. This is the same strategy he used time and again -- convincing the write, audience to root for the main character to do something bad (the B-52 reaching its target in Dr. Strangelove , Alex prevailing in ACO , Jack getting his wife in dostoevsky essay topics, The Shining , etc.) It's a moral litmus test for the viewer. GOD IS IN THE DETAILS: While I’ve already pointed out dissertation sur la securite le monde that every detail in a Kubrick film was meticulously arranged, it goes deeper than most imagine. Essay? For example, when Dr.

Bill is reading the article about Amanda Curran’s drug overdose, an essay, actual article about the incident was written. If you freeze-frame your DVD you can read it. You’ll notice that the two final paragraphs read as follows: AFTER BEING HIRED FOR A SERIES OF MAGAZINE ADS FOR LONDON FASHION DESIGNER LEON VITALI, RUMORS BEGAN CIRCULATING OF AN AFFAIR BETWEEN THE TWO. Essay Topics? SOON AFTER HER HIRING, VITALI EMPIRE INSIDERS WERE REPORTING THAT THEIR BOSS ADORED CURRAN -- NOT FOR HOW SHE WORE HIS STUNNING CLOTHES IN PUBLIC, BUT FOR HOW SHE REMOVED THEM IN PRIVATE, SEDUCTIVE PERFORMANCES. Anyone familiar with Kubrick’s films would recognize the name Leon Vitali. He was Kubrick’s personal assistant for essay attention getter, the last twenty-five years of his life. He played Lord Bullingdon in Barry Lyndon , and also Red Cloak in Eyes Wide Shut . Topics? But also, if you look carefully at the whole article, it's filled with errors and repetitions, again playing into the question of error versus intent. I’d also like to essays age to 18, point out a scene in which the topics, mise en scene gives us a clue to a character’s motivation: Bill’s visit to the Nathanson apartment. This use is simple and logical.

While Bill and Marion are seated, talking about her recently deceased father, also in the room, an IV drip can be seen directly behind Bill. Write Essay? Bill, Lou Nathanson’s doctor, is represented as a symbol of life in Marion’s eyes, and the IV is an extension of this. Dostoevsky Topics? Just before Marion deliriously kisses Bill and tells him she loves him, he leans forward and obscures the IV machine, effectively becoming one with this device. Bill, however, is write essay attention, not a machine, just a human. Essay Topics? And contrary to papers duress, popular myth, doctors do not save lives and prevent deaths, they extend lives and postpone deaths. With Eyes Wide Shut , Stanley Kubrick created a film so layered with latent meaning that it perfectly encapsulated a modern society so overloaded with conflicting and referenced culture that it’s lost its meaning. It is, therefore, a requiem for postmodernism (and not a moment too soon), a movement which his earlier work could quite easily be connected with.

This film dramatizes the essay, ultimate effects that postmodernism has had on our culture, and its reception perfectly illustrated this. We’ve degenerated from a culture which embraced intellectual adventurism and new ideas, making not only critical, but commercial successes out of films like 2001: A Space Odyssey and dissertation securite dans le monde, A Clockwork Orange , to one which criticizes films for being adult and essay, dark, as Jeffery Lyons did to the Kubrick/Spielberg collaboration A.I.: Artificial Intelligence . We no longer make choices based on quality but aesthetics. Our current culture is disposable. And time will render it as such. Stanley Kubrick’s cinematic legacy will continue to grow.

His position as a 20th Century master is assured. His reputation as a maker of many great films is evidenced in the 2002 Sight and signing papers duress, Sound poll -- an essay topics, international event conducted every ten years. The poll is divided into two sections, one by directors, the other by dissertation dans le monde, critics. While most directors were lucky to essay, have one film on either list, and write essay getter, a few were lucky enough to have the same film on both lists, Kubrick had a different film on both lists. The critics chose 2001: A Space Odyssey , and the directors chose Dr. Dostoevsky? Strangelove . I don’t know what the writing phd acceptance, future holds for the medium of dostoevsky film, other than it will no longer be film but digital soon enough. I see mixed messages. There are virtually no independent film companies at this point -- by that, I mean independently financed and released. While most films are independently produced, they’re being released by studios -- and that means the studios have final say over which films get distributed and what they’ll look like. There seems to be no connection between real life and our cinematic culture, it’s all been filtered from its source. The studios seem intent on producing big-budget special effects epics without much plot or character -- and as long as audiences choose to see these behemoth, soulless shit festivals, I suppose we’ll be forced to impact model, endure them.

I don’t mind this stuff. It’s how the industry has always functioned. There just needs to be room to breathe, that’s all. The democracy of technology has made it easier for artists to get their voices heard. Unfortunately, nobody of any real ability has been able to utilize these tools to propel themselves into dostoevsky, the mainstream yet. Means of dissertation sur la securite alimentaire dans distribution will eventually change that. Either through the home manufacturing of DVDs or by dostoevsky essay, the internet. Essays On Not Lowering Age To 18? At this point, though, we’re just not there. I’m also pleased that some of the essay, filmmakers who’ve come of age lately have begun inserting more signature points of dissertation sur la securite dans le monde view into their work, such as Wes Anderson and Darren Aranofsky, while older holdovers like the Coen Brothers continue to go strong. It’s dispiriting to see an entire generation raised on postmodern notions of repetition and dostoevsky essay topics, borrowing -- one without an intellectual center, since everything seems to be “relative.” The intellectual fault of this is termination under duress, that it has no foundation; it borrowed a scientific premise based on mathematically observed facts, and incorrectly applied it to everything in dostoevsky topics, life, rendering it valueless and indefeatable. Sur La Securite Alimentaire Dans? And much worse, it’s the perfect tool for the corporations bent on topics, feeding us repetitious, numbing product.

The greatest act of rebellion anyone can ever hope to achieve -- and Stanley Kubrick was a prime believer in this -- is to actually break the mold and THINK for yourself: to open your eyes.