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1986 ap us history dbq essays

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Resume Genius' Original Templates - Expert's Choice. By Resume Genius. This page features eight famous resume templates that you could normally only access via Resume Genius’ Resume Builder. We’ve decided to provide them to you for free. Do you want a resume that’s simple, sleek, and to the point? Then you’ve come to the right place. Below, we feature our Classic resume template.

Feel free to download it into a Microsoft Word document for 1986 ap us dbq essays personalized editing. We have two reasons for calling it Classic. First, it’s our oldest resume template. Second — and paper more importantly it’s the most versatile one out of our entire library. This is 1986 ap us history dbq essays, not a fancy resume template in the english essay, the slightest. 1986 Ap Us History Dbq Essays? It’s simple, bare bones, to-the-point, easy to read, and unpretentious. Let’s get one thing straight — hiring managers aren’t going to trash a resume because it’s not fancy looking.

Eventually, they would lose their job because they’d be overlooking some very good candidates who happen to essay, like simpler designs. The content of your resume is far more important than its look. So long as the hiring manager can read your resume easily, you’ve done a good job. The beauty of the Classic is 1986 history, that anyone can use it. Its simple nature gives it flexibility, and fellowships students can be modified to suit all jobs and 1986 ap us history dbq essays industries. Simply formatted resume designed for on why smoking is bad maximum clarity and readability.

Header font spaced by 1986 history dbq essays 2.2pt creates an interesting aesthetic effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 2.54? Right – 2.54? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Classic template pack.

Chicago is well known among architecture nerds for its interesting Prairie School style of architecture, which uses a lot of horizontal lines to better integrate its and mesh its buildings with the flat mid-western landscape. Long story short, our resident resume expert and architecture nerd associated the argumentative Chicago template’s use of page long horizontal underlines beneath each major heading with the Prairie School architecture style, and the rest is history. Like the Classic, the Chicago resume format is another crowd-pleaser among all industries and types of employment. Once again, it emphasizes clarity over fanciness. The major question you need to decide is if you like your resume sections to be sectioned off by page-wide underlines (choose Chicago), or if you feel like that’s excessive (choose Classic). Page-length underlines used to separate resume sections. City, state, and history dbq essays employment dates placed in a separate column on the right. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Time New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download.

The Chicago template pack. This one’s pretty simple – initially we only had one version of this resume template, one with green headings. Naturally, we associated green with the Irish. Since we’d named the Chicago template after a city, we felt it was best to paragraph format, continue on with the city name formula. Thus, Dublin! Now, as you can see, we’ve added more colors than just green, because people liked the styling so much and demanded more choices. But, we still call it Dublin due to its roots. Obviously if you’re Irish, it comes highly recommended! However, this is yet another resume template that is so simple, clear, and easy to 1986 dbq essays, read that we can easily recommend it to anyone looking for a job.

The Dublin font styling looks much more airy and less blocky, so if that suits your taste, go ahead and download it. No horizontal lines anywhere Text in headers expanded by 1.05pt for an interesting effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Dublin template pack. Once you look at this resume template, you immediately know why it’s called Elegant. It just is.

This resume is so light on the eyes it seems like it could float away. Every small detail is is bad, infused with a soft and gentle touch, and stands out 1986 ap us dbq essays, as being particularly well crafted. That’s why it’s one of personal term paper, our most popularly downloaded resumes. Those of you with a flair for ap us history the abstract, and essay on why smoking who would prefer a resume that is less blocky, solid, and rigidly organized should download this template. Any hiring manager would be able to 1986 history dbq essays, appreciate the patient analytical Elegant template’s style and formatting. Dbq Essays? It’s easy to students, read, clear, and history dbq essays makes great use of white space. It’s tough to generalize, but those of soans, you applying for positions that require more rigidity and 1986 ap us history strictness, such as accounting or logistics, may want to consider a more tightly organized resume, such as Harvard. Headings are centered throughout entire template, with job descriptions left aligned. Text in headers expanded by 2.8pt, and name by 4.8, giving the “elegant” feel. Top – 2.54? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 1.9? Right – 1.9? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.

Click here to download. The Elegant template pack. Making the Harvard resume template required some serious MS Word skills by our resident expert. We tasked her with creating a template that would help save space on the resume without losing clarity and ssrc pre dissertation students readability. She came up with this columned approach — headings are left aligned to help save space, and have large enough text to be very clear. Due to this complicated and ingenious approach, we dubbed the history dbq essays template Harvard, as everyone knows the reputation of that university. Those of the english patient essay, you who have a resume that extends JUST over one or two pages will find this template especially useful. The left-aligned headings allow you to cut down wasted space to history, reach one or two pages exactly, which will make hiring managers happy.

If you lack experience and have a short resume, we recommend avoiding this template, as it will make your experience look minimal and paltry. Headings are left aligned, saving a lot of vertical space and allowing for more job descriptions to be written. Resume looks highly organized and rigidly designed, appealing to those who prefer straight lines and boxes. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 1.27? Right – 1.27? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.

Click here to download. The Harvard template pack. Many jobs are considered more “modern” than others. These are usually not age old industries but instead professions that have only come into essays soans existence within the last 20-30 years. Professions like Software Engineers, Computer Technicians and 1986 ap us Social Media Managers are all relatively new when compared to those like Nursing, Teaching, and Law etc. For this new breed of professional comes a new breed of resume template: the Modern. Sporting a very “flat” design, the essay on why smoking for you Modern template uses styling that classical resume experts will recognize, but altered subtly in terms of history, formatting and style to produce a template that is essay on why smoking for you, anything but “classic”. The modern is dbq essays, all about efficiency and simplicity. Ssrc For Graduate? The contact details, job headings and skills headings are all centered, producing a logical and aesthetically appealing form. This resume template looks equally good in printed form or on an iPad or desktop.

Modern is perfect for those who don’t feel like our other more classically styled resume templates work well for their personality type or the position they are applying to. For example, a developer using a “Classic” resume template not only is a bit misdirected style-wise, but may also be holding himself back as compared to other tech-industry resume styles, he or she will appear a little dated. As mentioned, industries that are relatively new are a perfect match for the Modern template. Modern color variations One horizontal line Centered Contact Information Centered Headings Two-tone color styling. Click here to download. The Modern template pack. Milano is how Italians refer to their beloved 2 nd largest city, Milan. Milano is famed for it’s rich cultural heritage, cuisine and of course, it’s fashion industry.

The Milano resume template encapsulates all of ap us dbq essays, these characteristics to analytical, one degree or another. This template was not built from 1986 ap us history, scratch, but instead has been built upon an older, more long-standing classic resume format. Things were then “spiced up” so to speak with subtle use of formatting and colors to produce a very fashionable resume template if there ever was such a thing. Balancing professional tradition with new, contemporary colors is a balancing act that the Milano pulls off well. Essay? Similar to history dbq essays, how a cup of coffee with just the right amount of cream is pre dissertation fellowships, not too rich but not to bitter is perfectly balances, so is ap us history dbq essays, this resume template. The Milano template’s style and argumentative formatting is eye catching without being excessive, and for this reason it is 1986 ap us dbq essays, suitable for many different professionals across many different industries. According to Resume Genius stats, the essays + saroj soans Milano seems to be most popular with Marketers, Sales professionals and Educators. Regardless of industry, if you are looking for a way to stand out amongst the ap us dbq essays other applicants without calling too much attention to yourself, consider downloading the Milano and customizing it with your own information for your next job application. Subtle color usage A single horizontal line Left Aligned Contact Details. Job Description Font Size: 9.

Click here to download. The Milano template pack. Do you want a resume that is on why is bad for you, refined, sophisticated but not pretentious? If that’s the case, then the Park template below is the perfect option for 1986 you. Download this subtle and on why is bad classy resume template and history dbq essays edit it to suit your own circumstance. Image you are walking down Park Avenue on the Upper East Side. It’s fall, the smell of leaves lingers on the breeze as you walk back from the english analytical, you favorite coffee shop. You pass a well-dressed businessman in 1986 history, slacks, brown oxfords and a grey cardigan. Sitting next to argumentative on anorexia, him on the bench is a leather folio with a resume on top, held in place by the weight of a black Mont Blanc pen. The atmosphere, the ap us history season, the resume; they all seem to be in perfect harmony.

Now open your eyes, and realize it is in the english analytical, fact you who are sitting on ap us history the bench, and the resume that caught your attention is none other than The Park. Whether in personal motivation term paper, its original “accountant lamp green” or one of the ap us history other four other carefully selected understated colors, the ssrc for graduate Park conducts business with class, a perfect match for your personality. Different from our other templates in ap us, that it harmonious blends just the right amount of on why smoking, styling with simple and refreshingly neat formatting to produce a resume that would look perfectly at home on any prestigious New York Office mahogany desk. The Park is for the job applicant who knows the difference between a Windsor and a Half Windsor, who knows the difference between Thelonious Monk and John Coltrane, and for 1986 history the person who knows that even the smallest of details can make all the difference. Essay Paragraph Format? The Park is not just a resume template; it is an accompaniment to your refined, metropolitan lifestyle. The park makes a statement with clever use of history, space right away in the header of the resume, with a large margin between the top of the essay on anorexia page and the applicant’s name. There are no unnecessary frills or decorations on The Park; it makes a statement with only practical applications of sensible color palettes, logical spacing and formatting and measured use of breaks and 1986 history lines. No unnecessary frills or decorations One horizontal line Center aligned contact information. Left aligned text. Download The Park today to secure your job tomorrow. Click here to download.

The Park template pack. resume tools and coach support and great templates. Glad you like them! Anything Specific for analytical the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks. Any of the dbq essays above are suitable for your industry, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago’ or the ‘Modern.’ Good luck on ssrc pre dissertation fellowships for graduate students the job hunt!

Great thanks for your help … We would recommend the 1986 ap us ‘Milano’ template. Good luck! I am trying to decide what to use as a professional massage therapist. Argumentative? Thanks. Check out our ‘Elegant’ templates. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi, which template is 1986 ap us, good for essay the pharmaceutical industry or biology? Thanks! The ‘Harvard’ should be suitable. Good luck!

Thanks! I appreciate it. What if I already started using one of the advanced templates – dark blue contemporary? Should I switch to Harvard? I recently graduated, about a year and history dbq essays a half ago and I am looking to break into the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and pharmacy background. Let me know what you think! #128578; Contemporary should work just fine.

Which one would be good for a television producer? Or someone in the media industry? Thanks! The ‘Milano’ sounds like the right way to go. Best of personal motivation paper, luck! which template would be good for a high school student? which template would be great for 1986 history executive. Which template is good for fresher seeking job in IT industry. I’m BCA graduate. Try the ‘Chicago’ on for size.

Good luck on motivation paper the job hunt! which template suitable for internship? which template is suitable for a project manager. Which template is ap us history, suitable for paragraph a job at a bank? which Template is better for a job of medical field? You might want to check out history, our internship and personal paper engineering resume samples: Good luck on the job hunt! What resume is ap us history, most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is hoping to change careers to an Executive Asst. HI, what resume is suitable for personal motivation term paper a management consultant? or an auditor? The ‘Milano’ would suit either of those professions.

Good luck! The decision is ap us history dbq essays, really a matter of preference. We suggest you try a few and see which one you like best. Good luck! Thank you very much for essay on anorexia sharing!! Very helpful!!

Hi what would you recommend for 1986 dbq essays a recent master graduate wanting to get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field? Try out the ‘Elegant’ Template. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant? Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for something in the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didn’t see anything for paralegals, either… The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for samples. Check out our paralegal resume sample, here: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/paralegal-resume-example. Good luck on the job hunt,

Hi what would be a good resume for someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the ‘Park’ template. It offers plenty of space for ssrc for graduate students you to include all of 1986, your skills. what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and you don’t know which template to use for essay on why smoking a beginner. For a beginner, our ‘Classic’ is always a solid choice. Good luck on the job hunt! Any of the resumes above could be used for someone with a criminal history, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago.’ Also, you should check out our tips on how to address criminal history in history dbq essays, a cover letter: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions#Red-flag-8:-Criminal-history. Try using the ‘Park’ template. Good luck with finding an fellowships for graduate, internship! We suggest the ‘Milano.’ Don’t forget to 1986 ap us, check out our Pharmacist resume: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/pharmacist-resume-example Good luck on ssrc fellowships the internship. What resume would you recommend for a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of 1986 history, experience.

What kind of paragraph format, resume would you recommend for someone changing careers from a lower tier job to a more career building one? The ‘Park’ template would be an appropriate choice. Good luck with the career change. which template wouldb good for 1986 ap us history dbq essays construction,HVAC? We’d suggest going with the ‘Modern’ template. Best of luck finding an the english essay, HVAC job. which template would i use? I was recently fired and need a job asap, i worked in customer service for a department store and then moved into a supervisor position but for only 7months. My previuos jobs were a ups helper and a busser at a resturaunt. Go with the 1986 ap us ‘Milano’ template.

Good luck! What template would you suggest to use? I am changing careers from a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to CDL Truck Driver either over the road or Local? Try going with the ‘Milano’ template. Good Luck! What template do you recommend for a middle aged person with plenty of related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position? You should visit our nurse resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/nursing-resume-example. Argumentative On Anorexia? You can download the example and fill in your own information. Hi, what kind of resume template you recommend for a engineer with 4 years of experience?. which resume would you recommend for college student applying for jobs with no experience.

Hi, what kind of dbq essays, resume will you recommend for argumentative essay a college student, applying for 1986 a job. which resume would you recommend for smoking for you a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at home mom returning to work? Good luck on the job hunt! which resume do you recommend for an budding flight attendant career? Thanks for this! I’ll use the Harvard Resume Template. #128578; Hey there Rayhan, The key to writing a resume fresh out of 1986 history dbq essays, college without work experience is to: 2. Make your education section strong, and include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from college that pertain to patient essay, the position to 1986 ap us history dbq essays, which you’re applying. Good luck with your job search!

Hey there Aditya, I’d recommend the Classic B W template for your resume. It’s a nice standard look — nothing too fancy, but it gets the job done. Good luck! With all of that experience, you have some flexibility! When in doubt, the reverse-chronological is a good choice. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/chronological-samples-writing-guide. Enjoy the fresh start, and best of essay, luck with the job application!

Which resume would your recommend for applying for a position in a company that you currently work in that is merging? All staff must re-apply. All of dbq essays, these resume templates are perfect for someone in essay on anorexia, your situation – it just depends on your preference. Since your goal is to prove the 1986 history dbq essays value you bring to the table to your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for ssrc fellowships for graduate its content even more than its format. Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight – check out the following link for some ideas to ap us history, make the content of your resume stand out: https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/accomplishments-on-resume-quantify-achievements. Good luck, and please feel free to comment again if you have further questions! I would suggest that you first decide which type of essay, resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template. Check out 1986 ap us, this link and see if one jumps out at motivation term paper you: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/ Good luck with your career!

I’d first recommend checking out this page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. What you want to do is history, highlight your education over essay on why, professional experience since most likely that’s a stronger area for you, then proceed from there. Good luck landing your internship! Share Resume Genius’ Original Templates – Expert’s Choice Our code geeks and 1986 history dbq essays HR experts are proud to essay, introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to ap us history, MS Word and PDF.

Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to essay is bad for you, the test, and ap us dbq essays learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy!

3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. Paragraph? There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and 1986 history Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template?

Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for analytical a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for 1986 ap us history a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and essay paragraph career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to 1986 ap us history dbq essays, MS Word and PDF.

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Resume templates: EXPLAINING STEP BY STEP. Here we go into detail. With our step-by-step guide to find out exactly what you need to look for in the various points of your resume. Simple in pattern click on the links below in the right column and 1986 ap us history, gradually build your own resume perfect. I wish you success.

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Institute of Project Management, Stuttgart. Published in: books for academic work No. Ap Us Dbq Essays! 8/2013, S.21-25. Free Resume templates and Basic information and thoughts to resume. The curriculum is an integral part of an argumentative application.

As a rule, includes these two pages – in students may already be sufficient page. Ap Us History! Through the resume to a hiring manager can quickly get a first impression of argumentative essay on anorexia a candidate. Moreover, he can this document refer to important information, which will enable him to match the requirements of a post to be filled with the profile of the candidate. In order for all this to ap us history dbq essays, happen to the satisfaction of the ssrc fellowships for graduate students, personnel in charge, a clear structure, and clearly structured information is an 1986 ap us history dbq essays important point that a candidate should be considered when writing a resume. In addition, it is advisable if possible to focus only the important information and to dispense with the indication of ssrc fellowships unimportant and 1986 ap us dbq essays, irrelevant to the job data. Thus, the applicant profile can be sharpened to a, on personal motivation term, the other hand, a clean focus help ensure that relevant information is not read.

These data / content should be found in your resume. In a resume are usually first the personal data of an applicant to find. These data are clearly presented and structured in the space provided. The personal information should generally include the following information (see CV form on this page.): Full address phone number E-mail address Date of 1986 birth and place of birth Marital status Nationality (only if this can not be derived) In addition, this area of the document can be provided with a matching photo. On the “Personal Information” is followed (if it already exists) the career path of paragraph format a candidate.In this area the previous work stations of a candidate are listed.

The anti chronological order allows the reader easily to remove the 1986 ap us, current or the last professional position of the applicant. The indication of the respective data is carried out in a rule as shown below (see CV form on this page.): date Job Title Company / Organization with place optionally industry and argumentative, number of ap us history employees 3-5 activity provided (if possible, the essay, selection of these activities should be geared to the requirements of the new location) Each professional station gets this such a block within the CV. The career follows the section with information about the training. This is reported in accordance with the professional positions with date, training or academic title, company / organization / school / college and training content.

For a continuous representation of the data with respect to the formation should be presented anti chronologically. Below are some key points to this block (see CV form on this page.): date Name of training Company / Organization / School / College with place optionally industry and number of employees where appropriate training content possibly final grade and subject of the thesis. To highlight completed training, but a separate area can be created. Alternatively, these measures may be placed “training” in the field.

The training provided should not be too far back and be relevant to the desired location, if possible beyond. then the dbq essays, next block form the essay paragraph format, “Special skills” of a candidate. This area offers the opportunity to make the recruiters on additional knowledge attention, which in turn are best if relevant for dbq essays the intended location. Behind the “Special skills” to hide information about computer skills or computer skills, language skills, driving license and other skills that are of relevance.Additionally, it should be done for all knowledge, either a self-assessment or proof of the level of knowledge. For examples relating to the presentation of such knowledge see the CV form on this page.

In conclusion, even an area with interests and on why for you, hobbies are inserted. This area should, however, take up little space in your resume, because although it may round the history, first image of on why smoking for you a candidate, but should not get too much focus. The most important information of the applicant are in the overlying or preceding sections. When specifying hobbies and 1986 ap us, interests should be taken to argumentative on anorexia, ensure that the ap us history, mentioned pastimes no negative concerns about the future performance of an employee wake (eg, extreme sports with a high risk of injury - This might fear the recruiter that the candidate could turn out often). In conclusion then follows the signature. This gives the document nor a personal touch and is also often seen as assurance that the information supplied by essay on why, the applicant are correct. Frequently asked questions about CV. Below you will find frequently asked questions and answers about the 1986 dbq essays, CV.

Where the essay smoking for you, CV is placed in the application folder? At what point of the resume is on the order of the application documents? In classical Bewerbungsmappe the CV is arranged directly after the cover letter. If a cover sheet is used, it usually follows the cover letter – the CV is then added directly to the cover page in the application folder. If the 1986 history, application via e-mail, so the resume is usually queued immediately after the cover letter in the application document. The application cover sheet (if present) is then usually in the first place, even before the essay on why smoking is bad, letter.

To create a resume, you can use, for example, the above templates and patterns as a basis.In order to work with a CV template of your choice, you need Microsoft Word from Word 2007. Alternatively, you can also use word processing programs such as OpenOffice or LibreOffice for creating your resume. However, please note that when using our templates in ap us dbq essays combination with the two programs latter can serious compatibility issues. A curriculum vitae is a tabular representation of your personal history. On Why Smoking! Earlier on this page you will find several examples and 1986 ap us history, your CV. What should I consider when choosing a resume template? When choosing a resume template, it is advisable to check the filters: Suitable to the layout of the template for the substantive scope of my career and its representation? Fits the essay, original optically to the job, the company and dbq essays, the industry?

Fits the bill to my personality? Should a CV template not 100% satisfied with your, so you can use it as a basis and essay, adjust them to your needs. The above CV format for Word, you can use Word to history, edit from 2007 onwards. Both a content adaptation, as well as an essay format adaptation of the design / layout is ap us dbq essays possible. In a (tabular) CV is a compressed and focused presentation of your previous career.Important information should already be clear as possible when flying over the life course for the reader. Data are for a point of no relevance, should either be omitted, or be represented if necessary as short and concise. For Graduate! Use at the individual stations in your resume if possible bullet points to 1986 ap us history dbq essays, present your relevant for patient analytical essay the job qualifications and skills clearly and structured. A resume should not exceed two A4 pages as a rule.

Depending on the length of the previous career may be sufficient an A4 page. At what point should I start on your CV? How far should I go back in chronological resume? In most cases, you can start on your resume from the secondary school. A visit to an elementary school, all applicants in common, so that this station does not matter for 1986 ap us history filling positions. Chronological or reverse chronological CV – what order is for graduate students suitable for ap us history dbq essays the resume? As a rule, an anti-chronological, chronologically decreasing order for argumentative on anorexia the CV is well suited.This is for the reader the latest (and therefore often the most relevant) information easy to find. Why should my resume be consecutive?

Gaps in your CV often raise questions and to the reader with the feeling that the 1986 ap us history dbq essays, candidate is trying to hide something. To get around this, a resume should therefore be possible without gaps. What can I write in CV unemployment rather than “unemployed”? active formulations are better suited than their passive counterparts for the CV. Instead of the passive phrase “unemployed” you could use “seeking work” on pre dissertation fellowships for graduate students, your resume therefore active formulations such as. My resume is too long – I can leave? To shorten your resume you can cut, for example, information on 1986 history, qualifications or skills that are not or only the english patient analytical essay, of limited relevance for the intended position, or optionally omit. If it is professional or educational stations, so you should indeed retain in any case – otherwise gaps would arise – but the possibility to reduce the history, number of bullet points or even completely dispense with bullet points. Motivation Term! The sections “knowledge” and “interests” are, usually best to cut the CV.

What font and size suitable for your resume? legible font with a serious effect are for the CV, as well as for all other application documents suitable. Dbq Essays! Examples of such fonts, for argumentative essay on anorexia example Arial, Times New Roman, Open Sans, Verdana or Garamond. Sizes between 10pt and 12pt are in terms of font size, depending on 1986 ap us, the selected font, usually suitable. For headings can optionally also a larger font size to be useful, if this is just for the english patient essay clarity. Generally it should be ensured that uniform fonts and font sizes are used in 1986 ap us all application documents. How can I write my resume? Where the CV is signed? The curriculum will be signed at the end.

Depending on the visual preference either two blank lines may be added in the CV after the last station for the signature. This is followed by the place and date, as well as a handwritten signature. Alternatively, place and essay, date left justified and the handwritten signature may be positioned flush right after the 1986 history dbq essays, last station of the resume. For the signature a suitable writing tool (eg. Fillers in blue ink) is recommended. Format! If the 1986, resume submitted online, so you can sign on a white sheet of paper and then scan your signature. Where can I mention my driver’s license in your CV?

Your driver’s license, you can specify within the section “Special skills” with the appropriate license categories. The photo is fellowships usually placed right-justified in dbq essays the curriculum vitae within the section “Personal data”. Is Bad For You! If a cover page is used with photo, can be dispensed with in the resume on a photo. What file format should I use for my resume? The CV should always be sent as a PDF file. This file format has the 1986 history, advantage that it can not be readily changed. How can I save my resume as a PDF file and send it? Your resume example, you can save directly into paper Word as a PDF file. To do this, simply change the file type in 1986 history dbq essays the “Save As” dialog on essay smoking for you, “PDF”. Please make sure that your resume previously as editable Word file (eg. “.docx”) Save to edit it again at a later date.

You can then send your resume as an 1986 history dbq essays email attachment, or via file upload in an online application portal. Errors in your resume: where the pitfalls lie. If you apply the argumentative, letter is devoted the most attention and energy. The curriculum is however in many cases quickly and according to the book checked. A mistake, because the devil is in the detail and the resume is more important, as many candidates is clear. Too little concrete information on the recent activities Missing evidence cited activities Gaps in your CV Unrealistic-perceived language skills Improper Hobbies. Exaggerated clear layout customization Excessive distortion of 1986 history her own style Too much text and tags on individual stations To elaborate layout suffered by ssrc students, the clarity Stilbruch between letter and ap us, resume Outdated application photo. Clear answer: No Fake degrees, academic titles purchased or never graduated workstations are not peccadilloes or white lies, but fraud.

The can through to forgery rich and always has therefore a veritable ground for dismissal . Even after one has begun the job for essay a long time. At worst, the civil consequences entail. From this type of CV-polish so you should strictly stay away. Against other cosmetic procedures is less objection: Chronic diseases , for example, which have no influence on the job, you do not need to 1986 history, mention.

The same applies to successful stays in an addiction clinic . Also you can move through skillful representation in a slightly better light – for motivation paper example, if your past successes will substantiate by numbers: Do these in absolute form is 1986 history not quite as convincing, then make up percentages or refer to rankings. The English Essay! Were you in the job not the number 1? Then be stated precisely that you were among the top 5 of the 1986 ap us dbq essays, company. If you are not the absolute leader have worked, use similar comparisons as among the top three companies in the industry . So if you resume templates to use, please make absolutely sure this individualize by skillfully devising and arranging still suit their respective target companies.

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26 Graphic Design Resume Tips for history, Landing Your Dream Job. When it comes to creating resumes, graphic designers are lucky. Essay Paragraph Format! Not many fields allow for potential employees to directly demonstrate their work-related skills with the resume itself. Pastry chefs don#8217;t get to bake their resumes into a cake, teachers can#8217;t assign their resumes as homework, and lawyers aren#8217;t given the chance to defend their resumes to a jury. But graphic designers can – and should – treat their resume as they would a sample in their portfolio. The design of ap us your resume can help potential employers and clients get a feel for your style and creativity, which is something you just can#8217;t get from a standard letter-style resume. Graphic design resumes can be challenging, since the standard rules of resume creation do not apply . Your resume has to ride a fine line between pizazz and professionalism—too much of one and not enough of the other can hurt your chances of employment.

Whether you#8217;re just starting out essay your career or you#8217;re an old pro 1986 history, who#8217;s looking for format, new opportunities, these graphic design resume tips will help put you one step closer to your goal. The very first item to include in your resume is your full contact info. 1986 Ap Us! Include your name, phone number, e-mail address and any pertinent URLs, such as your online portfolio or website. Depending on the situation, you may want to include more information. If you#8217;re sending your resume via snail mail, then you#8217;ll definitely want to include your home or office address. Forget to add your contact information to your resume and you can kiss your chances of getting hired goodbye. Photo Credit: Charlotte Allen.

Your contact info should be placed at pre dissertation fellowships for graduate students the very top or bottom of the page so that it can be easily located. If your resume is two pages, be sure to include the ap us history contact info on the second page as well. This way, potential employers will still be able to contact you in the event that your resume pages are accidentally separated. A long time ago, someone decided it was a good idea to include an #8220;objective#8221; statement at the top of a resume—even though everybody knows that the objective of analytical any resume is to ap us dbq essays, find employment. As such, objective statements are starting to go out of fashion-frankly, you can take them or leave them.

Graphic design resume already tend to have very unique formats; it doesn’t seem all that important to stay traditional when your resume itself will be anything but. If you do decide to include an objective statement, make sure it#8217;s not something generic like #8220;Objective: I want to have a career as a professional designer.#8221; Put your unique spin on your objective statement and personalize it for the job you#8217;re applying for. Make the + saroj objective something that would benefit your employer as much as it would benefit you. For example, your objective could be to ap us dbq essays, help new businesses create long-lasting, recognizable brand identities. If possible, your resume should fit on soans, a single page. Photo Credit: Anton Yermolov. History Dbq Essays! You#8217;ve done a lot of great things with your life, both professionally and personally—but not every one of the english patient your achievements needs to be listed in your resume. Keep it simple. The person reading your resume has to go through several applicants, and if your resume is too long or too dense, you#8217;ll hurt your chances of making an impression. Think of your resume like a snapshot—a single photograph can tell a detailed, vivid story without needing extraneous details. Your resume is like a snapshot of your entire professional career thus far.

It#8217;s like a highlight reel that shows only the dbq essays best of the best. The best resumes are a single page, if possible. Essay Format! It#8217;s entirely okay to spill over onto 1986 history dbq essays two pages if necessary, but it#8217;s always a good idea to have a one-page version of essay paragraph your resume ready to go in case an ap us history dbq essays, employer specifies that they only want to see one-page resumes. There was a time when #8220;everybody#8221; exaggerated on their resumes, but that was before Google was invented. These days, employers and clients can and will find out essay on anorexia everything there is to know about a designer before working with them, so resist the urge to ap us history, embellish. On Why Smoking Is Bad For You! For one thing, if you#8217;re caught in your own lie, it#8217;s going to ap us, pretty much nullify your chances of the english analytical essay getting the job. But the other factor you have to consider is that employers are going to hold you to whatever skill level you claim to have. If you can#8217;t deliver the 1986 ap us dbq essays results they expect, the job may not last long even if you get it. There are, however, some gray areas where honesty is concerned. If there are a few blemishes in your work history (such as being let go from a previous position), you can decide exactly how much information you want to + saroj, reveal. Don#8217;t feel like you#8217;re obligated to showcase your worst moments along with your best.

Unless you#8217;re going for a truly offbeat presentation, employers could probably care less about your preference for ap us history dbq essays, fruity shampoo. Photo Credit: Luke Sutton. Stick to the facts—your resume should be a representation of your professional experience and skill level. You don#8217;t need to include extraneous details like your age, your part-time job in essay on anorexia high school or your favorite hobbies. Your resume should focus on the information that makes you look like the top candidate for history, the job. However, there are a few details you may want to include that don#8217;t necessarily line up directly with the job you#8217;re applying for, but are helpful for understanding you as a person. Fellowships For Graduate! For example, if you served in the military, you#8217;d want to consider including that detail if your military experience helped to inform the way you conduct your work as a designer (you#8217;re used to taking orders and staying cool in high-pressure situations). Make sure to be detailed when talking about your past work experiences and clients. Recruiters want to know what you did for past employers, but it#8217;s not enough to just list a bunch of tasks that you were responsible for. You also want to dbq essays, include the results of your hard work. Just saying that you helped a past client run a print campaign isn#8217;t going to essay paragraph, excite anyone.

But proving that your print designs helped drive up sales and 1986 ap us dbq essays conversions will definitely get people#8217;s attention. If you can provide specific statistics to back up your claims, you#8217;ll make a much bigger impression. Essay Paragraph! Please do not call yourself a #8220;graphic design ninja.#8221; Please. Recruiters hate this kind of stuff, and 1986 ap us history you won#8217;t be the first designer to essays + saroj, try and dazzle them with how cool and witty you are. And in doing so, you#8217;ll automatically look the opposite of cool or witty—you#8217;ll come off as an annoying slave to trends. There may be the 1986 history rare occasion when you see a job advertisement looking specifically for a #8220;design ninja#8221; or #8220;rock star#8221; or something equally weird.

If that#8217;s the case, then by all means, play to the room—but you#8217;ll probably want to do that in the cover letter anyway. Essay Paragraph Format! One of the most common graphic design resume mistakes that people make is 1986 history, writing a cover letter that#8217;s basically just a long form version of fellowships their resume. That#8217;s not what a cover letter is 1986 history dbq essays, for—it#8217;s your introduction to the employer and a chance to paragraph, explain why you fit what they#8217;re looking for. Your cover letter should be personalized for the business you#8217;re applying to. When responding to a job listing or want ad, your cover letter should be a direct response to 1986 ap us dbq essays, whatever it is the employer is asking for in a designer. For example, if the ad stresses that they need someone who can start working as soon as possible, your cover letter should mention your availability. Keep the letter brief; it should only be one page, period. Use small paragraphs and get to the point as quickly as possible.

You can assume your cover letter is pre dissertation students, going to be skimmed for information, so don#8217;t make it too dense. End your letter with a professional salutation that includes your contact information. 1986 History Dbq Essays! When you#8217;re done writing your resume, you#8217;re not actually done writing your resume. You still have to edit for spelling, grammar and clarity. Automatic spellcheckers aren#8217;t infallible, and don#8217;t always account for phrasing and essay format proper nouns. You#8217;ll want to ap us history dbq essays, make sure the names of personal your references and past employers are all spelled correctly. Grammar is a little harder to check, and even spellcheckers that also check grammar can miss glaring errors. It helps to history dbq essays, read your resume out term loud; when something doesn#8217;t sound right, it can be an ap us dbq essays, indication that the grammar is + saroj soans, off. This also helps you catch omitted words. If you don#8217;t feel comfortable with checking your own work, have someone else do it for dbq essays, you. On Anorexia! This is a good idea even if you do feel confident in your own abilities as an editor; a second pair of eyes will often catch something you never noticed before.

Put away Microsoft Word for now. When creating the look of 1986 history your resume, whip out design software such as InDesign or Illustrator. That way, you can create a cohesive design scheme that you can use both online and in print. This also helps make it easier for employers and clients to pre dissertation, bridge the gap between your print resume and your online portfolio, since they have a similar visual brand. The look of your resume gives you a chance to show off the 1986 ap us history more unique parts of your personality. Photo Credit: Rianti Wong. Showing people your true personality is fellowships for graduate students, a bit of a risk. After all, there#8217;s a chance you might not be the sort of person they want to ap us dbq essays, work with. But that#8217;s okay. Essays! In the long run, you#8217;re going to have more success working for clients who understand and appreciate you and your work.

It#8217;s better to be rejected for being yourself than to try and 1986 ap us fake a completely made-up persona because you think it#8217;s what employers are looking for. Argumentative! That being said, you still need to be professional and demonstrate to employers that you can use your style to ap us dbq essays, sell a brand. Ssrc! In this case, the brand just happens to be you, so you should approach it from the same angle you#8217;d approach any other client. Figure out what makes you stand out and inject those unique qualities into your work, but in 1986 ap us a way that will reach your audience (who, in argumentative this case, are potential employers and clients.) Templates are useful tools for making quick designs, but as a rule of thumb, you shouldn#8217;t use templates to 1986 history dbq essays, create your resume. For starters, you never know who else is using the same template. If a potential client or employer sees you have the same resume design as another designer, they#8217;re likely going to ignore the both of you. Worse case scenario: the employer is actually impressed by the template design, and essays then disappointed later on when they discover that you have a different style and skill level altogether. The design you pick for your resume should be representative of 1986 history what you can do for a potential employer. Sure, you save time and energy using a template—but you should want to put time and energy into something that represents you. If you do decide to use a template, you should at least make enough alterations to the design so that it doesn#8217;t look like you used a template. Graphic design resume templates can be a good learning tool for figuring out personal motivation term paper techniques to use in your own design, but using a template like a fill-in-the-blank form is just going to hurt your chances of employment.

Color in your resume works best in 1986 dbq essays small doses. Photo Credit: Sarah Catanzariti. Be smart about your color choices. Unlike other professionals, graphic designers get to inject some color and personality into their resumes. This can be highly advantageous, as different colors can invoke different emotions from your audience.

Using the right colors in your resume can help you play to the recruiter#8217;s emotions. For example, the color blue evokes feelings of essay paragraph security and stability, which would therefore make you seem like a secure choice for the job. Use too many colors at once, and you risk muddling your message and making your resume look unprofessional. 1986 Ap Us! Again, you have to think of yourself as a brand; most brands only use one or two colors to represent themselves. Personal Motivation! Plus, using fewer colors gives you more printing options (see CMYK vs PMS printing) and makes the design easier to convert to black-and-white if need be. Ap Us! When it comes to resumes, fashion should never trump functionality. At the end of the day, your resume is still a resume and it has to function as one, which means recruiters need to be able to read the important information you#8217;ve included.

Fonts should be simple and readable. Forget all the smoking for you fancy flourished font faces and stick with something legible. You should also make sure the ap us history font size is big enough, both in your digital and physical resumes. + Saroj! The layout of your resume should have a logical flow and ap us arranged in a way that favors the argumentative on anorexia way we read the page (hint: it#8217;s left to right.) Color can also be an ap us, issue, both font color and analytical the surrounding colors used in the design. Some colors clash and ap us history dbq essays can be hard to read, while others blend into one another in essay a way that makes them practically invisible. Ap Us History! At the end of the day, the information in your resume should take priority over your design aspirations. Infographic-style resumes can make a great impression, so long as the essay paragraph format style doesn#8217;t overpower the substance. 1986 Ap Us History! Photo Credit: Stuart Mayhew. Essay On Why Smoking! Who doesn#8217;t love an infographic? They break down big picture ideas into easy-to-digest points, and do so in a way that#8217;s entertaining and ap us dbq essays exciting.

A lot of the best graphic design resumes contain the best elements of infographics, and some designers have excelled at completely converting their resumes into an infographic format. Tread carefully if you decide to go this route. Essay! If you focus too much on the visual design, you#8217;ll run the ap us dbq essays risk of patient overshadowing the important information your resume contains. If you go too far off the beaten path, you might find recruiters aren#8217;t really reading your resume at all. Remember, these people often have piles of resumes to sort through, so if your resume takes more effort than most to read, it#8217;s going to come off as a negative. Another way to appeal to recruiters who have to read dozens of resumes at a time is to use ample whitespace. This is true for 1986 ap us history dbq essays, both your resume and your cover letter, even if you stick to a standard, text-only resume. Whitespace helps break up your resume and makes it easier to read. Photo Credit: Dejmus. Whitespace makes it easier to quickly scan for essay on anorexia, information, which means that all the 1986 ap us history important points you make in your resume and cover letter have a better chance of actually being seen. Use lists to break up information and keep paragraphs brief.

When your resume is a wall of text, it exhausts the eye and makes the recruiter miss out on a lot of the most important points because they#8217;re not reading every single word. Be consistent in the way you present yourself. How many times in these tips do we have to say it? You are a brand, so treat yourself like one. Have a consistent branding design scheme in any media that represents you.

Your resume should have a design that matches your portfolio, cover letter, business card and pre dissertation fellowships anything else you might show off to a potential employer. The same goes for any digital portfolios, resumes or promotional websites you might use. This demonstrates to recruiters that you have the ability to craft an entire branded identity, and that you can keep that consistent design quality throughout multiple mediums. It also helps keep your work all tied together in history a neat little package. Recruiters never need to play the guessing game as to which business card goes with which resume; they can tell just by looking that the two are a match. Your resume should match the brand identity of ssrc pre dissertation fellowships for graduate students your business cards, portfolio and any other print media you use.

Photo Credit: Afifah Idrus. Send a digital copy in PDF format. 1986 Ap Us Dbq Essays! Depending on the situation, you may have to send a digital copy of your resume to essays soans, potential employers. In this case, PDF is the 1986 dbq essays best format. Why PDF? Well for starters, you never know what kind of office program your employer is used to, and there#8217;s a chance that a text document that looks fine on your computer will not look the same on theirs due to compatibility issues.

Sure, most people can open a .doc file, but it#8217;s a somewhat unpredictable format depending on what program a person uses to open it. Practically everybody can open a PDF, and it#8217;s going to look the essay paragraph format same across the board no matter what (provided you embed fonts correctly). You don#8217;t have to worry about 1986 dbq essays compatibility issues or whether or not they#8217;ll have the right fonts. The English Analytical! Most importantly, this allows you to have more graphical options for the look of your resume. Just one pro-tip for sending a digital copy of ap us history dbq essays your resume: avoid using a generic file name like #8220;resume.pdf.#8221; Instead, put your name right inside the personal term file name itself, such as #8220;John-Smith-Resume.pdf.#8221; Keep it as simple as that. You might use other words in 1986 ap us history your file names to keep things organized (such as #8220;John-Smith-Resume-Final-Draft.pdf#8221;) but you want to keep these words out patient analytical of the ap us history dbq essays file that you actually send to employers.

Why would you go through the + saroj soans trouble of 1986 ap us history creating a resume that is colorful and visually appealing just to throw out all of your hard work by photocopying it? Photocopies might be cost effective, but they#8217;re not as effective at getting you the job, mostly because they strip away all the + saroj personality and charm your resume design once had. For starters, unless you designed your resume to look good in black-and-white, you#8217;re going to ap us history dbq essays, lose a lot of the detail and impact your design once had. Photocopies also tend to be extremely low quality. It#8217;s hard to control the quality of the ink, so you often end up with results that look too dark or washed out. Photocopier paper is of cheap quality and it feels that way, too. Plus, photocopies always have that oily feel and strong smell from the ink that#8217;s used. The only pre dissertation fellowships time you want to use a photocopier is ap us, if you#8217;re running off a text-only version of your resume or copying your cover letter. And even then, you#8217;ll have better results just running it off of your printer each time, preferably on a professional-looking letterhead. Your resume should be nicely printed on quality stock.

Photo Credit: Ashley Spencer. You#8217;re asking employers and clients to invest in you as a designer; the least you can do is invest a little in yourself. Make your resume really pop by using high quality paper stock. If a recruiter can simply feel the ssrc pre dissertation students difference between your resume and ap us everybody else#8217;s, it will be a huge help towards getting it to the top of the pile. Just like any other print media, the feel of your resume can say a lot about the english patient analytical you to potential employers. A weak, flimsy stock portrays the message that you#8217;re a weak, flimsy designer, even if that#8217;s not the case. You don#8217;t have to go overboard.

After all, you#8217;re trying to 1986 ap us history dbq essays, make money here, not spend it. But you should see this as an investment towards your future. It#8217;s worth the extra effort if the job or client is + saroj, a big opportunity and every little thing you can do to demonstrate your value over every other designer is going to help bring you one step closer to ap us history, your career goals. Make sure your files are high-quality. Essays! For the 1986 history best results when printing your resume, make sure the file is saved in a format with at soans least 300 dpi or more.

This rings true for both printed and digital resumes, because there#8217;s always a chance your employer will print your resume for one reason or another. The importance of this step goes beyond just making sure your design looks its best—it#8217;s also to ensure that your resume is 1986 ap us history, easy to read. At a smaller resolution, your text can look blurry, and if your resume is hard to read, it#8217;s going to essays + saroj, end up in 1986 history the trash. Sometimes being a little weird and essay paragraph format pushing your creativity to the limit can be a huge benefit towards making you stand out from the history dbq essays crowd. But other times, it can just be annoying. A lot of the english patient analytical designers who take the high-risk/high-reward route when designing their resume get hung up on the #8220;reward#8221; part and forget the #8220;risk#8221; entirely. Stand out 1986 ap us history from the essay paragraph format crowd, yes, but avoid being #8220;that person#8221; that goes down in infamy for 1986 ap us dbq essays, sending an analytical, entire resume on a jigsaw puzzle with a note that says #8220;figure me out.#8221; Believe it or not, graphic design firms are used to receiving unconventional resumes, which means you aren#8217;t being nearly as clever as you think and you run a higher risk of being annoying than adored. Creative, gimmick-based resumes can be effective, you just have to 1986 dbq essays, know how to reel in your ideas so that the creativity is a help, not a hindrance. Argumentative On Anorexia! Take the sample resume below that was sewn together using cloth. It#8217;s an original, unique idea that stands out from the crowd, but still has all of the pertinent information included. It#8217;d be harder for a recruiter to throw something like this away than a paper resume; this is something you#8217;d want to ap us, keep and show off.

This sewn fabric graphic design resume is a cool gimmick that isn#8217;t annoying. Photo Credit: Melissa Washin. Show it off to someone who isn#8217;t a designer. There#8217;s a good chance that the person who will be reading your resume first is someone who works in HR, not a fellow graphic designer. Even design firms have HR people who might know enough about the business to know what to look for in an employee, but not so much that they#8217;re going to appreciate every little design idea you implement. It#8217;s worth having a second set of eyes review your resume—this is true for + saroj, any person looking for a job in 1986 ap us any field. But in essay format the case of graphic designers, you should try to find someone who isn#8217;t a fellow designer. 1986 Ap Us History! This will give you a better understanding of how your resume will be received by your typical person off the street. This is also a good litmus test for personal motivation term paper, whether or not your creativity is overwhelming your content. Ask the person reviewing your resume if it#8217;s easy to read and understand. You might even want to history, ask them what their overall impression of essay you would be after reading the history resume.

Don#8217;t forget that the recruiter who receives your resume will likely skim it for the english, information, so see if your test subject can infer the main points of your resume with a quick glance. It#8217;s always a good idea to have multiple versions of history dbq essays your resume available to suit any career situation you might encounter. This is especially important if you like to do work in essay certain industries or if you#8217;re particularly skilled in 1986 dbq essays one area of design. Try having a standard resume that will work for on anorexia, any occasion and a separate resume that#8217;s specially designed for clients and employers in your field of interest. Making multiple resumes also allows you to perform A/B testing to 1986, find out for you which of 1986 history your designs get the best response. You may find you get a great response to one resume style, while another doesn#8217;t do as well. You can then optimize your resume design so that it gets the analytical most attention possible. Be professional when presenting your resume. History Dbq Essays! Many designers make the mistake of focusing on the creation of the resume and on why is bad for you preparing for an interview that they completely botch an 1986 dbq essays, important step in between: making contact and on anorexia presenting the resume. In some cases, you#8217;ll be presenting your resume in 1986 history person, either to ssrc pre dissertation, a receptionist, an HR representative or directly to the client.

No matter who you#8217;re presenting to, you want to make a good first impression. Dress professionally, look neat and 1986 ap us clean and be sure to conduct yourself in argumentative essay on anorexia a polite, professional manner. Be prepared to bring a number of different materials, such as a business card or your portfolio. You never know how an initial meeting with a potential employer will go, and many times you may be asked questions or have a chance to 1986 history, talk briefly about the position. Essay On Why Smoking! Treat this like a sort of pre-interview. In other cases, you#8217;ll be submitting via e-mail, which is why it#8217;s important that you have a digital copy of your resume. The same #8220;pre-interview#8221; rules apply; you may not be making face-to-face contact, but this is your chance to 1986, make a good first impression. Structure your e-mail like a professional business letter and wherever possible, be sure to on why smoking is bad for you, address the person you#8217;re sending the ap us history dbq essays resume to by name.

If you don#8217;t know who will receive the resume, try your best to find out. If you still don#8217;t know, try using a formal title such as #8220;Dear Hiring Manager#8221; instead of something generic like #8220;To Whom It May Concern#8221; or #8220;Dear Sir or Madam.#8221; Your resume is the english patient analytical essay, never truly finished. So you#8217;ve put all the work into ap us history dbq essays, making your resume and you#8217;ve found a new client or two, or possibly full time employment at a design firm. Analytical! You might think that your task is complete, but there#8217;s really no #8220;complete#8221; when it comes to a graphic design resume. Keep your resume up-to-date, even when you#8217;re already working. You never know when awesome opportunities will pop up that you#8217;ll want to shoot for. Dbq Essays! Having your resume already updated and ready to go can be a big help, especially in a highly competitive industry where landing a job means being the first one to make an on anorexia, impression. Every now and then, you may find yourself wanting to 1986 history dbq essays, do a complete overhaul of your resume.

Maybe you#8217;ve grown so much in your career that you need more space to format, list your accomplishments. 1986 Ap Us Dbq Essays! Or maybe you just want to update your design to better reflect your growth as a designer. Whatever the reason, it#8217;s a good idea to keep things fresh every now and then. Even the essays soans most impressive resume will start to ap us history dbq essays, lose its luster after a while. Taking the time to update your look helps to make you excited about your resume all over ssrc pre dissertation fellowships for graduate, again—and if you#8217;re excited, recruiters will be too.

At the end of the day, you want a resume that you can stand behind—something that you like and 1986 ap us dbq essays that you think fairly and accurately represents your personal styles and tastes. Essay! You may find that what you like and what your potential employers and clients like are wildly different. But that#8217;s okay. Because sometimes recruiters will be able to 1986 ap us dbq essays, look past their own personal tastes and see your true potential. Other times, they#8217;ll pass on personal motivation paper, you and go with someone they think is the best choice for their brand. Rejection is an unfortunate part of the process, but in the long run, it helps you to ap us history, find a career that#8217;s the best fit for you.

Otherwise, if you fall into a job that#8217;s not a good match you#8217;ll just be updating your resume and doing it all again in the near future. Essays + Saroj Soans! Now we want to hear from you. We want to see your creative graphic design resumes, so post your samples and tips in history the comments below. Who knows, maybe someone will see it and offer you a design job! Don`t neglect your friends, share this right away. As CEO of CompanyFolders.com, Vladimir is a knowledgeable authority in print marketing and graphic design for businesses. Ssrc Fellowships For Graduate! With his team of designers and experts, he helps customers put forth the best possible impression with high-quality collateral. Learn more about Vladimir’s history and experience, and connect with him on Google+ and Twitter. Wow this is an awesome guide! Thank you so much for sharing this.

I#8217;ve always told people to make sure that their resume looks good on a computer and in print. History Dbq Essays! So many people ask for digital copies now a days, but occasionally I hand out a print copy. Truly inspiring and superbly informative guide. As a Graphic Designer who is looking to update my resume and on anorexia website that has always struggled with selling myself, I find this a great help. I shall post my results#8230;#8230; Very informative, and for us #8216;crusty ole#8217; designers this is a breath of history fresh air, well done and thank you #128578; This is pre dissertation for graduate, one of the 1986 history most informative and well crafted guide about resumes. The English Patient Essay! I personally think that a resume must be subtle yet still visually attractive.

Here are some good examples of 1986 history dbq essays what I mean: http://www.creative-resume-templates.com/16-ms-word-resume-templates-with-the-professional-look/ Was misspelling #8220;spellcheckers#8221; intentional or just unfortunate happenstance? My thoughts exactly—I am OBSESSED with spelling (even as a designer)—so the second I read #8220;spellchckers#8221; I pretty much stopped reading this article. I thought it was really great up until this point, as there are so few articles geared towards the DESIGNER when creating a resume. I truly hope the pun was intended#8230; I have spent a lot of energy creating my designed resume, only personal paper now finding out that Applicant Tracking Systems will not read them correctly or at all. I have read that they might just get dumped before a #8220;real person#8221; will ever set eyes on it. And what makes it worse is that, I was told only 19% of pdfs are considered. Ap Us History Dbq Essays! There are so many defined rules that need to be met and ssrc fellowships for graduate students nobody is explaining this. Only 25% of resumes are making it through this process. Ap Us! It makes sense because when i post my pdf the fields are not filled correctly. Even my non-formatted Word doc does not filter in right.

It also explains why you see the same position several times being posted. But why not apply this to hiring, when we are now trying to get driver-less cars to be part of our lives. We are the standard bearer of online folder printing delivering absolute quality infused with the design knowledge of an advertising agency. We guarantee the quality of our products for a lifetime. If anything is less than 100% at any time, we will reprint and ship replacements for free.

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates.

1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an 1986 ap us history dbq essays entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to for graduate students provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the history dbq essays, buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is + saroj filled in for you to 1986 ap us history reference.

Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of format your company. Dbq Essays! This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to the english patient analytical outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the ap us history, company, mission statement and the management team. Pre Dissertation For Graduate! If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here.

Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of 1986 dbq essays your company and your direct and on why smoking is bad, indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and 1986 history dbq essays, Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the essay, key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals.

Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an dbq essays example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of motivation term articles below.

Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and 1986 dbq essays, get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is essay a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over history, time. Your plan can and for you, will change as you encounter the 1986 history dbq essays, unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is essays + saroj equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the 1986 ap us, limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary.

The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the soans, major highlights of the rest of 1986 ap us dbq essays your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. Patient Essay! If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is ap us your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to pre dissertation fellowships students do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup.

A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and 1986 ap us dbq essays, convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the on why is bad for you, data and 1986 ap us, analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the argumentative on anorexia, web. We suggest the 1986 history dbq essays, following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional)

Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an + saroj soans overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to ap us history dbq essays achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to soans the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and 1986 history, experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and for you, Services.

Describe the 1986 ap us, products and services you are providing and essay, who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and ap us, Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the the english patient essay, major points in the Marketing and 1986 ap us dbq essays, Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the students, Financial Plan section here.

This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the 1986 ap us history, logic behind the the english patient analytical essay, projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Ap Us History! Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the essay on why is bad, entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary.

How to Write the 1986 ap us history, Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and paragraph, established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of 1986 history success. Company and analytical, Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to history lay out the various components of essay a business plan.

Our approach for ap us history the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in paragraph this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to 1986 history keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. Essay On Anorexia! The primer below is meant only to dbq essays explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to analytical essay the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by ap us history dbq essays, him or herself.” While the motivation, most simple to set up and 1986 ap us history, the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for on why smoking for you any obligations. So for ap us example, if you sell someone a cupcake and argumentative, they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the ap us history dbq essays, roof over essays, your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business.

Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in 1986 history the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to smoking file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to 1986 ap us sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and essay, control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to ap us history dbq essays invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by personal paper, shareholders.

A corporation is history commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to essays + saroj a corporation is the problem of ap us history “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the essays + saroj soans, member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and history dbq essays, your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the the english patient essay, lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture.

The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of 1986 history dbq essays each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about essay, members of the 1986 ap us dbq essays, Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the pre dissertation for graduate, information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to ap us history manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change.

They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and on anorexia, ensure the business’s ability to ap us history dbq essays scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of fellowships for graduate Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the ap us, Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the pre dissertation, company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and 1986 ap us history, industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets.

An advisory board is paragraph format a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to 1986 dbq essays play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and essay, well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to 1986 history use it for, and how you got to the requested amount.

Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the on anorexia, financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and 1986 ap us dbq essays, debt. The primary difference between equity and essay smoking is bad for you, debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. History! If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is personal essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of ap us dbq essays money from an on anorexia investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to ap us history how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in ssrc pre dissertation for graduate students the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability.

The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to history dbq essays cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the ssrc fellowships, financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at 1986 history dbq essays what point in time. What do you think your company is worth?

The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the the english analytical essay, end of the day it really comes down to 1986 dbq essays what an investor thinks your company is + saroj soans worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of dbq essays its assets. In other words, in this approach the essay on why smoking is bad, company is worth the sum of 1986 history dbq essays all its assets if they were to be liquidated . Ssrc Pre Dissertation Fellowships Students! This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and ap us history, reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the the english patient essay, theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. 1986 Ap Us! This is a common approach in the real estate industry.

The income approach seeks to essay determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. You have the ap us dbq essays, amount of ssrc pre dissertation fellowships money you need by 1986, looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Essay Smoking For You! Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is history dbq essays no delinquency on servicing the loan.

For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the ssrc pre dissertation for graduate, following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and 1986 ap us history, frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the term paper, funds. The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in 1986 ap us history dbq essays more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of argumentative essay on anorexia new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000.

If based on 1986 ap us, your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of on why smoking credit may be a good choice. With a line of history credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the on why smoking for you, major exception that since you may be able to secure the ap us dbq essays, line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the patient analytical, Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about 1986 dbq essays, your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by fellowships students, investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public.

Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to 1986 ap us take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the essays + saroj soans, potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and 1986 ap us history dbq essays, healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind.

Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right:

A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and essays soans, deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over 1986 ap us dbq essays, serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and motivation paper, deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is 1986 history dbq essays (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to personal term (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to ap us history improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY.

Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in essay paragraph format which it operates and at all times observing the ap us history, highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to patient analytical adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the 1986 ap us, nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is essays soans certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is 1986 ap us ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and personal, completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to ap us history highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in essays + saroj mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include.

This is ap us history dictated by the relevancy of the personal term paper, information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. History Dbq Essays! For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to argumentative on anorexia break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company.

Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to 1986 history include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is analytical essay important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to history secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities.

For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the is bad, facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective.

If you operate out of 1986 history dbq essays a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of personal term expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and ap us dbq essays, financing section of essay smoking for you your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and 1986 ap us, descriptively, to pre dissertation for graduate students help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional)

Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the 1986 ap us history dbq essays, secret sauce working. Argumentative Essay On Anorexia! It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to 1986 dbq essays sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. The English Patient Analytical Essay! One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream.

This is 1986 ap us history a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Format! Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and ap us history dbq essays, we also have a section for pre dissertation fellowships you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to 1986 start thinking about how you want to argumentative price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past.

Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to 1986 ap us dbq essays find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and fellowships students, be on the lookout for ap us history dbq essays new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is motivation term unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and 1986 ap us dbq essays, services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on personal term paper, hand.

Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to 1986 history your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. Essay On Why Smoking Is Bad For You! There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to 1986 ap us dbq essays order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the essay paragraph format, product is history assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the essay on anorexia, product is 1986 ap us history dbq essays manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the essay paragraph format, product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to 1986 ap us history dbq essays be selling physical products and expect to patient analytical hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to 1986 ap us history how you forecast the argumentative essay, amount of ap us inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on paper, excess inventory.

Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to history ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of essay other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for 1986 dbq essays you to manage and essay, maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is history dbq essays becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services.

Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. Argumentative! FedEx uses technology to dbq essays optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is on anorexia critical to ap us history your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Argumentative Essay On Anorexia! Depending on your business, you may want to 1986 dbq essays create back-up copies of data and essay format, software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. Ap Us History Dbq Essays! What would happen if you lost access to the technology?

Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the essays + saroj, road decide that the cost is ap us history too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and essay, trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of ap us history dbq essays a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to essay provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress).

If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. 1986 Dbq Essays! You should apply for a trademark for argumentative on anorexia your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and 1986 ap us history dbq essays, trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded.

IP and your employees and contractors. It is term just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Ap Us History Dbq Essays! Everyone should be required to sign an + saroj invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the 1986, company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out argumentative on anorexia, serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is ap us a physical record. If you have future products and on why smoking for you, services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and 1986 dbq essays, strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of patient analytical essay a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the 1986, price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations).

During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the fellowships for graduate, products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and history, Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to patient describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in history dbq essays terms of format growth and 1986 ap us history, behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections.

Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to paragraph calculate the total market (referred to 1986 ap us dbq essays as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and pre dissertation for graduate, then the 1986 history dbq essays, segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of essay this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. Ap Us! So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for argumentative on anorexia your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the ap us dbq essays, average annual sales for essay each restaurant.

Then multiply the two to 1986 get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the paragraph, market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is history well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving.

If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. On Anorexia! Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to 1986 ap us history go through the motivation term paper, time and 1986 dbq essays, cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to essays soans Pepsi. On the 1986, other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to essay paragraph format a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is 1986 described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the the english analytical, other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses.

For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. History! For example, the essay on why smoking for you, Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of 1986 dbq essays investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on essay smoking for you, the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of ap us history dbq essays Defense as one of argumentative essay on anorexia your clients, then the 1986 ap us history, across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on personal motivation term paper, your business.

If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in 1986 ap us history ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the analytical essay, use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on 1986 history dbq essays, a variety of essay paragraph factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to ap us the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the the english analytical essay, market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to 1986 history dbq essays find much of the english this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers.

On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to 1986 dbq essays add new customers. Your industry is pre dissertation fellowships for graduate defined as the group of companies that are related to ap us history dbq essays you in patient analytical essay terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the ap us, end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to format knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape.

If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by dbq essays, very few suppliers with little alternative but to the english patient source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on ap us history dbq essays, your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is essays soans mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to dbq essays take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to essays + saroj soans purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of ap us history your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers.

For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the personal term, student type that comes in 1986 ap us history once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in smoking is bad detail your relationship with each of history dbq essays them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the motivation, Marketing and Sales Chapter.

The marketing and 1986 history dbq essays, sales chapter gives you an opportunity to essays + saroj describe how you will manage your sales force and 1986, what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section.

Keep this section at the english essay the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the ap us dbq essays, competitive landscape. Will you compete on on why smoking for you, price, or will you differentiate your offering and 1986 dbq essays, stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the on why, luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at ap us history the cheapest price point in + saroj soans the marketplace.

There are three primary ways to ap us history dbq essays achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in the english analytical essay a factory. The more you are able to ap us history dbq essays produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. Ssrc Pre Dissertation Students! It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and history dbq essays, not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors:

If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the pre dissertation for graduate students, market, then a higher price is 1986 ap us dbq essays often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on on anorexia, how much you can charge.

For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to ap us pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from personal motivation paper describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an 1986 ap us history important component of personal motivation term paper your complete marketing toolbox. 1986 History Dbq Essays! These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget.

A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in ssrc for graduate students which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to 1986 ap us any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business.

Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and essay, adapting the ap us history dbq essays, adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is personal motivation term direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in 1986 ap us history mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels.

Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and patient analytical essay, Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the ap us history, key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors.

Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the the english patient, success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed.

Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is dbq essays a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and motivation term paper, weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and ap us history, the threats it faces. Strengths and essay paragraph, Weaknesses refer to 1986 ap us history internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and patient analytical essay, Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors?

This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in 1986 ap us history order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in is bad order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy.

Do you provide superior time to history dbq essays market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for essay on why smoking is bad for you better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in ap us history business. There are a wide variety of paper alliances you might encounter, with various parties in 1986 ap us dbq essays which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for ssrc pre dissertation fellowships students instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to history partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology.

For example, Sony and essay, Panasonic partnered together to increase the history dbq essays, adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is on why is bad frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the history dbq essays, Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to format all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and ap us history dbq essays, implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the + saroj, Financial Plan, Statements, and 1986, Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan.

It requires making a large number of personal motivation paper intelligent assumptions about the size of the 1986 ap us history, market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. Essay! These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the 1986 dbq essays, cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is + saroj highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the ap us dbq essays, foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to paragraph format define the ap us history dbq essays, production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the personal term paper, start of your business, you should forecast an ap us history increase in sales thereafter.

This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over motivation term paper, time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over 1986 ap us dbq essays, time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to pre dissertation for graduate encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for history dbq essays most sales forecast modeling % of paragraph sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the dbq essays, expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time.

Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by personal motivation, country and by products/services sold. Ap Us Dbq Essays! In the United States, there is the english no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to history dbq essays collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from the english your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year.

If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of history dbq essays hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and essay format, contractors you plan to ap us history hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at ssrc pre dissertation fellowships for graduate what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and ap us history, partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the essay paragraph, milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there.

You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and 1986 dbq essays, the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to the english want to hire and 1986 dbq essays, scale quickly in essay on why smoking order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. History Dbq Essays! Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for fellowships for graduate students sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly.

In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. Ap Us Dbq Essays! This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only argumentative essay on anorexia affects employees and 1986 dbq essays, not contractors. Motivation Paper! If unsure what to dbq essays enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the the english analytical, assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. 1986 Ap Us Dbq Essays! For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of essays soans a new product. Enter expenses you plan on dbq essays, incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications.

Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on essay format, Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. 1986 Ap Us Dbq Essays! Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over the english analytical, its life by gradually reducing its value.

Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into 1986 ap us history dbq essays, cash within a year.

A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on term, the month it which it was made. This type of expense is dbq essays better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at format $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at 1986 dbq essays the end of the essay on why smoking is bad, accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of ap us dbq essays federal, state and + saroj, local income tax. 1986 Ap Us! Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is essay not required (if unsure what to 1986 ap us history enter here, use 20%).

Dividends and motivation paper, distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the 1986 dbq essays, fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to paragraph format set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. 1986 Ap Us! What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to essay keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and 1986 history dbq essays, rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of essays + saroj soans any of these expenses and 1986 ap us, include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs.

You want your accounts receivable to argumentative on anorexia be as low as possible to 1986 history increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on personal motivation term paper, credit. You want this percentage to 1986 ap us history be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for essay is bad some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. History! It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow.

When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to on why smoking is bad remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to ap us history dbq essays pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments?

Select the typical number of essay days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. 1986 Ap Us History Dbq Essays! The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry?

The ideal amount varies from ssrc fellowships students industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on ap us history, hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments.

How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to essay smoking is bad pay back at a later time (usually in dbq essays installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace.

These might include credit cards, home equity line of on anorexia credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an 1986 ap us history dbq essays existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Personal Motivation Term Paper! Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. History Dbq Essays! Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to students a loan with the 1986, difference being that interest is not charged on personal motivation, the part of the line of 1986 credit that is essay unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at ap us history dbq essays any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of on why smoking is bad for you credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit.

The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from ap us dbq essays you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to on why smoking the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from ap us history dbq essays sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out essay on why smoking is bad for you, a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of ap us dbq essays borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in fellowships students your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to history adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history.

Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at soans the start of history your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and ssrc, Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales:

One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. 1986 Ap Us Dbq Essays! This is + saroj optional and will be used to 1986 ap us calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy.

For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to paragraph format continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections.

The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in dbq essays time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. Essays + Saroj! It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to 1986 history dbq essays change the analytical, balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section.

If you are an existing business, you have the 1986 ap us history, option of motivation paper adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. History! In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the essay on why smoking for you, sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. 1986 Ap Us History Dbq Essays! The report here is a read-only display. Ssrc Pre Dissertation Fellowships Students! If you wish to 1986 ap us dbq essays change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case.

This is important in determining the ability of the business to essay paragraph format meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and ap us, expenses into argumentative on anorexia, account. 1986! The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by personal, debt and 1986, how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on + saroj, Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by 1986 history dbq essays, the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets.

Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. Essay Format! It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to 1986 ap us dbq essays generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an essay paragraph format accurate and 1986 history, detailed plan that adheres to + saroj soans realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an dbq essays investor may not understand.

Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples.

4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Essay Format! Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the ap us, hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to soans you to 1986 ap us history flesh out the ssrc pre dissertation for graduate, details and ensure that each section is dbq essays as well researched and personal motivation, intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from 1986 ap us history dbq essays our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free.

You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to pre dissertation for graduate students purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in 1986 history dbq essays mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of essays soans how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an 1986 ap us dbq essays actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and argumentative on anorexia, calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to history dbq essays have to do the ssrc pre dissertation fellowships for graduate students, financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and 1986 history dbq essays, investment savvy.

This requirement is pre dissertation fellowships for graduate beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to 1986 ap us history dbq essays professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to essays + saroj meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to make the history, calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and essays soans, create attractive graphs, charts, and 1986 ap us dbq essays, tables for your plan. Making your data attractive and easy to essay on anorexia comprehend is no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in 1986 ap us history the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to analytical track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on 1986 history dbq essays, your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out ssrc fellowships for graduate, your product/service concepts and marketing plan.

If or when you encounter the 1986, financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of essay on why smoking for you writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. All information, software and 1986 dbq essays, services provided on the site are for informational purposes and self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice. Essays Soans! Use of 1986 ap us this site is subject to our Terms of Use. Preview Document - Business Plan Template.

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AP United States History Exam Sample Responses - Document Based

elephant essays kids Biodiversity and Elephant Conservation Trust. In Sri Lanka no other animal has been associated for so long with the people in their traditional and religious activities as the elephant. This association dates back to 1986 history, the Pre-Christian era, more than 5,000 years. Ancient Sinhalese kings captured and tamed elephants which used to abound in the country. Various methods of capture were employed, some indigenous, others introduced by neighbouring kings and countries that conquered and ruled Sri Lanka. Gradually the number of elephants captured increased. All elephants were kept by the king in his stables. The methods of capture were refined and modified as time went on. Picture: Elephants fighting for the entertainment of nobility. 1875.

Kottiar canoes passing Round Island The village of Kottiar. Native bridge over a river. The second shot. The return-crossing the river by raft. A veddah who offers his service. Kanda Kandu, the ferryman. Sinnacooty, Mr. J. M., Allah Pitchei. Illustrations: An Elephant Hunt in Ceylon. The Graphic.

December 3, 1887. In Sri Lanka the variations in physical appearance amongst elephants were noticed and recorded in ancient Sinhala manuscripts. There are ten such groups or #145;castes#146;. These differences do not seem important now. The first record of the association between man and elephant in essay on why smoking is bad, Sri Lanka was recorded in the 1st Century BC on an inscription at Navalar Kulam in Panama Pattu in history dbq essays, the Eastern Province, of a religious benefaction by a prince who was designated #147;Ath Arcaria#148; or Master of the Elephant Establishment. The Elephant Establishment was called the #147;Ath panthiya#148;. The ruins of the ancient cities in Sri Lanka abound with carvings of elephants in many forms, attesting to the close association between man and elephant. Sinhala literature of the 3rd Century BC indicates that the state elephant or Mangalahatti was the elephant on is bad for you which the king rode. This elephant was always a tusker and had a special stable called the hatthisala.

The post to which it was tethered was called the alheka. A 12th Century inscription on a stone seat at history dbq essays Polonnaruwa records that King Nissanka Malla sat upon it while watching elephant fights. Argumentative On Anorexia! These fights were staged for the entertainment of nobles. A rock sculpture of an elephant on the banks of the Mahaweli River was described thus by archaeologist H.C.P. Bell: #147;This piece of animal sculpture is probably unique in Ceylon. Cut in full round from a rock, life-size, are the head and shoulders of an elephant whose feet the river washed when low. History! The elephant stands in the water, looking slightly upstream, as though hesitating to cross. At present the is bad river in semi-flood reaches its eyes. There are signs of history dbq essays #145;sets#146; for some building#146;s foundations on a boulder adjoining, but no ruins or inscriptions are known likely to afford a clue to the object of this solitary tour de force of a skilful sculptor,#148; (Bell Bell, 1893). Unfortunately this rock sculpture no longer exists having been blasted probably by essay paragraph format fishermen dynamiting fish.

The first description of the capture of elephants in 40 AD is by Pliny. Here, the information that he gathered was from the 1986 ap us history dbq essays Sinhalese ambassador to the court of the Emperor Claudius. Elephants were used on all important ceremonial occasions especially where pomp and essay on anorexia, pageantry were required. The annual Perahera in Kandy, which dates back nearly 220 years, brings together well over a hundred elephants that parade the streets during the nights on certain pre-determined days in July-August each year. New Year festivities in Sri Lanka feature elephants in various sports and competitive combat. Elephant fights were a popular form of Sinhala sport in early times and was called #147;Gaja Keliya#148;.

Being built like a tank, elephants were used in war not only as a means of transport but also as an instrument of defence and offence. They were used to ram barricades and, as Ives points out #147;in time of war, they now and then fix a heavy iron chain to the end of their trunks, which they whirl around with such agility, as to make it impossible for an enemy to approach them at history dbq essays that time#148;. From the earliest of essay paragraph format times there had been a significant demand for ap us, Sri Lankan elephants from other countries. Aelian, quoted by Emmerson Tennent in1859, says that the export of analytical elephants from Ceylon to India had been going on without interruption from the period of the First Punic War. India wanted them for use as war elephants, Myanmar as a tribute from ap us ancient kings and Egypt probably for both war and ceremonial occasions. The elephants from Sri Lanka were found to easily adapt for war and were considered better than those from the mainland. Their excellent qualities were well known to the Greeks even as far back as the 3rd Century BC, in the time of Alexander the the english essay Great. Onescritus, who was an ap us history dbq essays Admiral of the Fleet of Alexander the Great and probably the first European to describe the trained elephants of Ceylon, has stated that the elephants from Taprobane (later Ceylon and then Sri Lanka) #147;are bigger, more fierce and furious for war service than those of essay on why smoking is bad India,#148;. Greek writers like Megasthenes (circa 300 BC) and Aelian (44AD) corroborate this.

Sixth Century writer Cosmos Indicopleustes says that the elephant from Sri Lanka was highly priced in India for its excellence in war. Elephants from Sri Lanka were exported to Kalinga by special boats from about 200 BC. 1986 History Dbq Essays! From the pre dissertation for graduate students port of Mantai the present day Mannar. Such exports are also recorded by Ptolemy in 175 AD. By this time Sri Lanka had also earned a reputation for skilled elephant management. The Sinhala kings had special elephant trainers. 1986 Ap Us Dbq Essays! They were the Kuruwe people from Kegalle. Training elephants caught from the wild, for both traditional purposes and war, was the responsibility of these people.

Even persons (mahouts) who looked after the elephants after their training were trained by the Kuruwe people. A brass model of an elephant with a number of movable joints was used in essay smoking, the training of the mahouts. Records show that even though Sri Lanka was exporting a large number of elephants in 1986 dbq essays, the 5th and 6th centuries BC, a number of elephants were also imported into the country after the 4th Century BC. This is apart from the gifts that the ruling monarchs of India and Myanmar, (then Burma) sent from time to time. The Culavamsa (Ch. LXXVI) records that during the reign of King Parakrama Bahu (1153-1186 AD), King Ramana of Myanmar decreed that the practice of selling elephants from his kingdom for export should henceforth be stopped. #147;Moreover with evil intent, the king also set a high price on the beasts, commanding that the elephants which were sold in former times for a hundred nikkhalas of silver, or a thousand, should now be sold for two thousand or three thousand and he likewise put an essay paragraph format end to ap us history, the ancient custom of giving an essay elephant to every ship that bore presents to the king [of Sri Lanka].#148; The chronicle goes on to say that Prakrama Bahu made war on the King of Burma and subdued him. Later, the Burmese relented and said #147;Take henceforth from us as yearly tribute, as many elephants as are necessary.#148;

Records of the 12th Century AD again show that elephants continued to be imported from 1986 Burma. The export of elephants too continued and essay is bad for you, this is confirmed from time to time by writers on Ceylon - Sinhala Chronicles (15th Century), Athanasius Nikitin the Russian traveller (1470). Add-er-Razzak (1442) refers to the trade in elephants between Calicut and 1986 history dbq essays, Ceylon. Andrea Corsall and Durate Barbosa (1514) refer to the Royal monopoly of elephants - a good elephant fetched 1,500 ducats on the Malabar Coast at that time. Ribeiro (1836) states that #147;As the soans Ceylon elephant was superior, traders were prepared to pay twice or even up to four times for them compared to elephants from other countries.#148; There are a number of references in early writings to man#146;s association with and ap us dbq essays, his use of essay on why elephants. The Mahawamsa (Sri Lanka#146;s chronicle of history) details many such instances, especially that of Kandula the elephant on which King Dutugamunu (200 BC), rode to war. Dutch, Portuguese and British reports and books record several instances of elepant capture, their use by the Sinhala Kings in their armies, elephant fights and the execution of criminals by 1986 ap us dbq essays elephants. In certain instances the essay on why strength of a King or Potentate was judged by the number of elephants he used in war. The King of 1986 ap us history dbq essays Kandy maintained a special unit that dealt with all matters concerning elephants including their capture, training, conservation and export. This unit was under the chief officer known as the Gajanayake Nilame.

The Gajanayake Nilame, was of a high caste and received many favours, including land, from the king. The elephant catchers and keepers were from the lower castes. During the times of the Sinhala kings, even though there were tens of thousands of elephants in all parts of the country, this animal was afforded complete protection by royal decree. Accordingly, no elephant could be captured, killed or maimed without the personal motivation king#146;s authority. All offenders were punished by death. 1986 History Dbq Essays! Unlike today the format cultivators of that time could not plead that the elephants were harmed in the protection of their crops.

Any depredation or damage to crops by wild elephants had to be prevented by stout fencing together with organized and ap us, effective watching by essay paragraph the farmers. It is interesting to note that though there were many more elephants then than now, Sri Lanka was considered to be the granary of the East. When the ap us history dbq essays Portuguese captured the maritime provinces of patient Sri Lanka they found a flourishing export trade in elephants. 1986 Ap Us History! They too, quickly got involved in the elephant export trade, and at first obtained their elephants as tribute from the essay paragraph Sinhala people through their leaders. Thereafter they captured animals on their own. The Portuguese also set up a revenue-gathering unit, similar to the king#146;s organization, known as the Elephant Hunt. Abeysinghe (1966) wrote that the Portuguese maintained an annual demand of 37 elephants for export from two kraals. These were valued at 9,250 rix dollars which was equal to 1986 ap us, 15% of the on why total revenue of the state. In 1507 the Viceroy of India sent a gift of history dbq essays a small elephant, imported from + saroj Ceylon, to King Manuel of Portugal. After seven years in Lisbon this elephant, named Annone, was presented to Pope Leo X and moved to Rome.

Annone lived in Rome for three years but died after developing stomach trouble due to the variety of food given to it by visitors and admirers. There is a memorial in Rome to Annone the first elephant in the Vatican (Hulugalle, 1969). The King#146;s Elephant Unit continued to operate within the Kandyan kingdom even after the Portuguese occupation of the dbq essays Maritime Provinces. Latterly however, the function of the personal term King#146;s Elephant Unit was only to supply the king#146;s army with elephants. This was because with the development of cannons and musketry, the elephant was both frightened and vulnerable, and its export demand as an instrument of war was greatly reduced.

During the reign of the Portuguese the person in charge of the Elephant Hunt was called the Gajanayake. The Gajanayake was in charge of stables at 1986 ap us Matara. This was a large establishment. In 1697 there were 97 elephants in the stables at Matara. Baldeus wrote, in 1704, of a place in Matara where captured wild elephants were tamed before they were sold to buyers who came from the Coramandel Coast and Bengal. A very large stable had been built to essays soans, house these animals. History Dbq Essays! These stables at Matara are the site of the present Kachcheri.

The animals apparently were bathed twice a day in a nearby river, very likely the Nilwala. Tame elephants were used as monitors and trainers. Those people who were sent into the jungles to look for suitable herds of elephants to essay on why, be captured in kraals were called Baddenas. When the herds were sighted, the Dissawa of the area was informed and he in turn gave instructions for arrangements to be made to hold the kraal. The men, numbering over 1986 history dbq essays a thousand, were divided into four groups under a leader called a Hattrebethmarale. The Aratchies were those in charge of the trappers who noosed the elephants once there were inside the Kraal and also trained the on why smoking for you captured elephants. In 1586 the king of Kandy, Rajasingha I, led an army which included a strong force of 2,200 highly trained elephants for fighting and for other services, and laid siege on the Portuguese fort in Colombo. 1986 Ap Us Dbq Essays! The siege however, was not successful.

It is recorded that, in on anorexia, 1706, the king of Kandy had in his stables over 300 tuskers. The elephant was used less and less for war and subsequently only for ceremonial occasions. In 1656 the Dutch laid siege on the Fort of Colombo held by the Portuguese. Ap Us History Dbq Essays! Ribeiro, the essay Portuguese soldier and historian, records that all the elephants in the Fort excepting one, were eaten by the defenders as they ran short of ap us dbq essays food after a time. Only one elephant was spared because it was needed to carry timber to repair the defences that were being damaged by the english patient analytical essay the attackers.

Robert Knox, a Scotsman, who was a prisoner in the Kandyan kingdom for nearly 20 years, writing in ap us history dbq essays, the 17th Century, stated #147;that the King makes use of them (elephants) as executioners: they will run their teeth [tusks] through the body, and then tear it in pieces, and patient essay, throw it limb for limb. They have a sharp iron with a socket with three edges, which they put on their teeth at such times; for the elephants that are kept have all the ap us ends of their teeth cut to make them grow better, and they do grow out again. Sirr (1850) also says that elephants were used as executioners of criminals, by training them to crush the essay smoking is bad for you victim#146;s limbs and placing one of its legs on the man#146;s body, tear off the limbs. 1986 History! Fortunately, the use of the mild tempered elephants for essay, such gruesome executions has long been stopped. Pybus states that the Dutch had to obtain permission from the king of Kandy to 1986 history dbq essays, capture elephants which were within his domain. The king generally agreed to the Dutch capturing 20 to 30 animals each year, but the Dutch constantly exceeded this figure, capturing around 150 each year and 200 in one year. They continued to use the analytical elephant stables at 1986 dbq essays Matara referred to ssrc for graduate students, earlier. Elephants were also exported by the Dutch from Karativu island. Ap Us Dbq Essays! The elephants were driven into the Jaffna peninsula by a shallow ford that separated it from the mainland.

This ford has now been bridged and given the name Elephant Pass. The Dutch held an annual sale of elephants in Jaffna. Elephants caught in Kraals and ssrc pre dissertation students, those received as tribute were sold there. Buyers from the Coramandel and the Bengal coasts continued to attend these sales regularly. The traditional methods of ap us capture by noosing etc. were practised for a much longer period. However, in personal motivation term paper, 1761 the Dutch Governor Becker made a decree prohibiting the use of pits and nooses for the capture of elephants. This was in a bid to keep the mortality rate among the 1986 dbq essays captive elephants low. The form of noosing practised in northern Ceylon was different to the noosing methods of the Eastern Province and other parts of the country. Smoking! A large noose was suspended from a strong tree with a man or several men on the tree to manipulate the noose. Elephants were then driven towards the tree with the noose.

With this ban, kraaling became the only method of 1986 history capture that could be employed. When the British captured the Maritime Provinces from the Dutch in 1796, and later the Kandyan Kingdom in 1815, they continued the capture of elephants for some time but on a low-priority basis. The British however, indulged in the shooting of elephants as a form of sport. Essay! Elephant populations that had been able to withstand the detrimental effects of capture all these years now started diminishing rapidly with the wanton and indiscriminate destruction of the 1986 ap us history dbq essays elephant herds. Major Thomas Rogers is credited with having shot over 1,500 elephants. This works out to essay, an average of 1986 ap us history dbq essays one elephant being killed by him every day for essays + saroj soans, four years. Two others, Captain Galleway and Major Skinner are reputed to have shot half that number each. Many other #145;sportsmen#146; have shot in the region of 250-300 animals during this time. As the 1986 ap us history elephant was a threat to the agricultural activities of the rural population, the argumentative essay on anorexia British provided guns freely to ap us, villagers to keep away the marauding elephants from their cultivations. This action, which seemed necessary at that time, added to the destruction of the elephant. Farmers, who had hitherto protected their crops from marauding elephants by other means, now had a much easier method.

They shot at motivation them and either maimed or killed them. The British were also interested in ap us history, developing plantation crops in essay paragraph, addition to subsistence crops. 1986 Dbq Essays! British planters, who were opening up the railways and motivation, roads along with coffee and ap us history, later tea plantations, also shot trespassing elephants at will. Here again the purported protection of their crops seemed to justify their actions. The English Patient Analytical! The planters combined their sport and the protection of their plantations and shot elephants at will, so much so that the once large elephant population in the hills dwindled rapidly. The British did away with the Elephant Department started by 1986 history dbq essays the Sinhalese and the Elephant Hunt maintained for the occupied areas by the Portuguese and the Dutch. They also greatly reduced the number of kraals that were held. In fact in 1828 the British passed a law prohibiting the capture of elephants except for the government. This law was rescinded in 1831.

The Kandyan chiefs, however, continued holding kraals and it is recorded that from 1800 to 1900, fifty two kraals were held. The last Kraal was held in ssrc pre dissertation fellowships students, 1952.